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|Document Title:||Housing for Young Adults in Extended Federally Funded Foster Care: Best Practices for States.|
|Series Title:||OPRE Report 2018-66|
|Personal Author:||Dworsky, Amy.
|Author Affiliation:||Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago.|
|Abstract:||In 2008, the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act gave states the option to extend the age of eligibility for federally funded foster care to 21. Twenty-five states and the District of Columbia have extended or are in the process of extending federally funded foster care with a safe, stable, and developmentally appropriate place to live. There are gaps in our knowledge of best practices for housing young adults in extended care, the housing options currently available to those young adults, and how those options vary across and within states. This brief begins to address these knowledge gaps by...more|
|Document Title:||... Child Welfare Enacted Legislation Database [2005--].|
|Corporate Author:||National Conference of State Legislatures.|
|Abstract:||Search 2012 enacted child welfare legislation in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and Guam by state, topic, keyword, status and/or primary sponsor. Topics include adoption, child fatality/near fatality, child protection, courts and legal representation, disproportionality, education, foster care, Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008, funding of child welfare services, infant abandonment/safe surrender, kinship care, oversight/administration/interagency collaboration, prevention and treatment of abuse and training, reporting child abuse or neglect, services for older youth, shaken baby syndrome prevention, siblings, termination of parental rights, tribes, and workforce.|
|Document Title:||State Independent Living and Education and Training Voucher (ETV) Coordinators|
|Series Title:||Related Organizations List|
|Corporate Author:||Child Welfare Information Gateway|
|Abstract:||The Education and Training Voucher (ETV) Program was originally created in 2001 with the passage of the Promoting Safe and Stable Families Amendments of 2001. Eligibility was expanded in 2008 with the Fostering Connection to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act. The purpose of ETV is to provide financial assistance for post-secondary training and education to youth who have aged out of foster care or who have left foster care after age 16 for kinship guardianship or adoption. Listed below is each State's ETV contact information.|
|Document Title:||The Potential Educational Benefits of Extending Foster Care to Young Adults: Findings from a Natural Experiment.|
|Personal Author:||Courtney, Mark E.
Hook, Jennifer L.
|Abstract:||Research has demonstrated the employment and earnings benefits accompanying educational attainment, and the relatively poor educational attainment and economic well-being of young people who transition to adulthood from foster care. Policymakers' concern over these poor outcomes has long been reflected in U.S. child welfare policy, most recently in the provisions of the 2008 Fostering Connections to Success Act allowing states to claim federal reimbursement for extending foster care from age 18 to age 21. While the policy of allowing youth to remain in foster care past age 18 has promise as a strategy for helping them continue their education, empirical evidence...more|
|Document Title:||Federal Legislation Protecting Children and Providing for Their Well-Being (Chapter 11 in Child Welfare Law and Practice: Representing Children, Parents, and State Agencies in Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency Cases. 3rd Ed.)|
|Personal Author:||Vandervort, Frank E.|
|Abstract:||Intended for child protection attorneys, this chapter reviews provisions of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA), the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act, the Adoption and Safe Families Act, the Multiethnic Placement Act and the interethnic placement provisions, the Foster Care Independence Act, the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act, and federal legislation addressing sex trafficking and child well-being. A case example is provided. 181 references.|
|Document Title:||Child Welfare Legislation.|
|Personal Author:||Gibson, Denise.|
|Abstract:||This article reviews the goals and provisions of child welfare laws, including the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act, the Indian Child Welfare Act, the Multi Ethnic Placement Act and the Interethnic Placement Provisions, the Adoption and Safe Families Act, the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008, and the Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act, and the Normalcy and the Reasonable and Prudent Parent Standard.|
|Document Title:||It's the Law: Schools and Foster Care Agencies Need to Give Your Child a Ride to School.|
|Personal Author:||Heimpel, Daniel.|
|Abstract:||This article explains federal law dictates that schools and foster care systems have to come up with plans and pay for transportation to and from the school that is the best fit for the foster child. The importance of educational stability for foster children is discussed, as well as the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act provisions, and compliance with Every Student Succeeds Act foster care provisions.|
|Document Title:||Findings From the California Youth Transitions to Adulthood Study (CalYOUTH).|
|Personal Author:||Courtney, Mark E.
Okpych, Nathanael J.
Torres Garcia, Adrianna.
|Abstract:||This article provides information on CalYOUTH, a study that evaluates the impact of the California Fostering Connections to Success Act on outcomes during the transition to adulthood for foster youth. The study examines whether extending foster care past age 18 influences the transition to adulthood, factors that influence the types of support youth receive, and how living arrangements and other services that result from extended foster care influence the relationship between extending care and youth outcomes. Links are provided to 18 reports from CalYOUTH.|
|Document Title:||Foster Youth: Transitioning From Foster Care into Self-Sufficient Adulthood (Chapter 25 in Child Welfare Law and Practice: Representing Children, Parents, and State Agencies in Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency Cases. 3rd Ed.)|
|Personal Author:||Delgado, Melanie.
Fellmeth, Robert C.
|Abstract:||This chapter explains how attorneys can effectively represent older foster youth who are preparing to age out of the foster care system. It reviews federal law leading up to the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act, key provisions of Fostering Connections, lessons learned from California’s Fostering Connections program, laws and policies impeding foster youths’ transition to self-sufficiency, specialized federal and State disability programs, and special education considerations. A checklist for attorneys is provided. 102 references.|
|Document Title:||Educational Stability Policy And The Interplay Between Child Welfare Placements And School Moves.|
|Personal Author:||Clemens, Elysia V.
Lalonde, Trent L.
|Abstract:||Despite recent improvements in child welfare placement stability, youth in foster care still experience high rates of school moves. Although these findings are well documented in the literature, few studies have considered the interplay between child welfare placements and school moves. The purpose of this study was to determine the proportion of school moves that can be reduced through implementation of the educational stability provisions of the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act (FCA, 2008) and the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA, 2015), and to identify opportunities to minimize the number of transitions that children and youth in foster...more|
|Document Title:||Foster Care to Kinship Adoption: The Road Less Traveled.|
|Personal Author:||Hegar, Rebecca L.
|Abstract:||Although a rather extensive literature concerning informal kinship care and kinship foster care has emerged over the past 30 years, much less is known about the children and families involved in kinship adoption. This article pays particular attention to recent research that investigates placement decisions and outcomes for former foster children adopted by relatives. This review suggests conclusions similar to broader reviews, in that kinship placement tends to show some consistently favorable outcomes across a range of study populations and methods. Financial need may be the greatest concern for relatives who adopt. The Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act...more|
|Document Title:||Title IV-E Resource List.|
|Corporate Author:||Capacity Building Center for Tribes.|
|Abstract:||Targeted resources for Tribal child welfare. The Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008 (Public Law 110/351) now allows for direct Title IV-E funding to eligible tribes for foster care, adoption assistance, guardianship placements, and independent living services. Title IV-E of the Social Security Act provides funds for states and tribes to provide foster care, transitional independent living programs for children, guardianship assistance, and adoption assistance for children with special needs. View this resource guide to learn more!|
|Document Title:||Findings From the California Youth Transitions to Adulthood Study (CalYOUTH): Conditions of Foster Youth at Age 19.|
|Personal Author:||Courtney, Mark E.
Okpych, Nathanael J.
|Abstract:||This report presents findings from the CalYOUTH Wave 2 Youth Survey. CalYOUTH (the California Youth Transitions to Adulthood Study) is an evaluation of the impact of the California Fostering Connections to Success Act on outcomes during foster youth’s transition to adulthood. CalYOUTH is following youth through age 21 using in-person interviews at ages 16–17, 19, and 21, and is being carried out over a 5-year period from 2012–17. Findings are reported from responses of the 611 study participants and indicate the diversity of the aspirations and interests of young adults in extended foster care. CalYOUTH participants varied widely in every area...more|
|Document Title:||Suggestions for Department of Education Guidance on the Provisions for Students in Foster Care in the Every Student Succeeds Act: American Bar Association Input on Foster Care Provisions of ESSA and Suggestions for Guidance. May 25, 2016.|
|Corporate Author:||American Bar Association.|
|Abstract:||This position paper comments on provisions in federal education law related to students in foster care to promote effective implementation of the foster care provisions of the Every Student Succeeds Act in tandem with the 2008 Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act. It begins by explaining the ESSA requires State and local education agencies, independently and in concert with their partner child welfare agencies, to ensure school stability and to promote the educational success of youth in care, and that because of this dual-agency responsibility for the educational success of students in foster care, and the tight timelines around...more|
|Document Title:||The Perceived Needs and Service Experiences of Non-Minor Dependent Youth in Sacramento County.|
|Personal Author:||Watson, Corey.
|Author Affiliation:||California State University, Sacramento.|
|Abstract:||Until recently there have been few resources for emancipating foster youth once they reached the age of majority. In 2012, California adopted The California Fostering Connections to Success Act. This act gave foster youth the option of remaining in care until the age of 21. Although it is anticipated that youth will experience greater stability with an extended time in care, little research has been done to examine experiences of extended foster care from a youth perspective. This thesis seeks to fill that gap by conducting qualitative interviews, assessing needs and experiences of former non-minor dependents in Sacramento County. Data was...more|
|Document Title:||Major Federal Legislation Concerned With Child Protection, Child Welfare, and Adoption|
|Corporate Author:||Child Welfare Information Gateway|
|Abstract:||Presents a summary of Federal legislation since 1974 that has had a significant impact on the child welfare field. It provides an overview of each act and its major provisions. To browse or search the summaries of acts included in this publication, visit the Major Federal Legislation Index and Search. The full text of the acts included in this publication can be found on Information Gateway's Index of Federal Child Welfare Laws. The PDF version presents an overview of the legislative history and a graphic timeline of the included acts. For a Spanish summary of the text related to...more|
|Document Title:||Child Welfare Financing SFY 2014: A Survey of Federal, State, and Local Expenditures.|
|Series Title:||Child Trends Publication 2016-53|
|Personal Author:||Rosinsky, Kristina.
|Abstract:||This report represents the ninth national survey of State-level child welfare financing. The report summarizes key findings from all 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, on child welfare agency expenditures from federal, State, and local funding sources for State fiscal year (SFY) 2014. This round revealed a 1% decrease in total spending, with a decrease in federal funds spent by child welfare agencies, and a slight increase in State/local funds. Overall expenditures have decreased over the past decade, and the funding composition has shifted to greater dependency on State and local funds. Specific findings from the survey indicate:...more|
|Document Title:||Characterizing Communication Between Transition-Aged Foster Youth and Their Social Workers: Implications for Youth and Worker Satisfaction.|
|Personal Author:||Richardson, Sabrina Marion.|
|Abstract:||New policy efforts to support transition-aged foster youth (TAY) were implemented through the 2008 Federal Fostering Connections to Success Act in response to studies showing a) that foster youth who exit the child welfare system at 18 struggle in multiple domains during the transition to adulthood, and b) extended foster care supports through age 21 are associated with improved adaptation. However, there remains a need to clarify factors that influence policy uptake by TAY. Youths’ and workers’ satisfaction with the foster care service provision process may influence youths’ decision making regarding whether or not to opt out of extended care and...more|
|Document Title:||Youth Transitioning from Foster Care: Background, Issues, Characteristics, and Demographics.|
|Personal Author:||Asher, Lindsey R.|
|Abstract:||This book provides background information on young people in and exiting from foster care, and the federal support that is available to these youth as they transition to adulthood. It begins with a discussion of the characteristics of youth who have had contact with the child welfare system, including those who entered care, as well as those who existed care via emancipation. It then provides an overview of the federal foster care system, including the Chafee Foster Care Independence Program (CFCIP), and provisions in federal foster care law that are intended to help prepare youth for adulthood. Following sections discuss federal...more|
|Document Title:||Family Connection Discretionary Grants, 2011-Funded Family Group Decision-making Grantees, Cross-site Evaluation Report – FINAL.|
|Corporate Author:||James Bell Associates.
United States. Children's Bureau.
|Abstract:||This report presents the findings of a cross-site evaluation of the Family Connection Discretionary Grants that examined the effectiveness of seven 3-year grants awarded by the Administration for Children and Families, Children’s Bureau (CB) in September 2011 with funds authorized by the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-351). The grants supported demonstration projects to help reconnect family members with children who were in or at risk of entering foster care using Family Group Decision-making (FGDM). Grantees conducted evaluations to improve processes and services and to demonstrate linkages between project activities and improved outcomes related...more|
|Document Title:||California Youth Transitions to Adulthood Study (CalYOUTH): Early Findings From the Child Welfare Worker Survey.|
|Personal Author:||Courtney, Mark E.
Okpych, Nathanael J.
|Abstract:||This report presents findings from the Child Welfare Worker Survey of the California Youth Transitions to Adulthood Study (CalYOUTH). CalYOUTH is an evaluation of the impact of the California Fostering Connections to Success Act on outcomes during the transition to adulthood for foster youth. CalYOUTH includes collection and analysis of information from three sources: 1) transition-age youth, 2) child welfare workers, and 3) government program data. The study, conducted in collaboration with the California Department of Social Services and California County Welfare Directors Association, is being carried out over a 5-year period from 2012-2017. (Author abstract)|
|Document Title:||Ensuring Educational Stability of Children in Foster Care.|
|Series Title:||Bulletin (Minnesota Department of Human Services) ; #15-68-14|
|Corporate Author:||Minnesota Department of Human Services.|
|Abstract:||Intended for Minnesota professionals, this bulletin is designed to clarify county and tribal agency responsibilities for ensuring educational stability for children in foster care. It begins by summarizing key provisions of the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008 that revised case plan requirements to improve educational stability for children in foster care, and provisions under the Child and Family Services Improvement and innovation Act that clarify that a child remain in the same school in which they were enrolled prior to placement, and upon a child’s move from one placement to another, unless remaining in the same...more|
|Document Title:||Macro Perspectives on Youths Aging Out of Foster Care.|
|Personal Author:||Collins, Mary E.|
|Abstract:||This book explores the impact of the larger macro systems of society, policy, organization, and community on foster youth who are aging out of child welfare services. It begins by explaining the challenges faced by youth aging out of foster care and the lack of services to address their needs. The federal policy framework is reviewed, as well as the role of macro-focused social work practitioners in creating the institutions, organizations, agencies, programs, and community collaborations that are needed to support youths with the transition from care. Part 1 of the book then examines foundational issues in research and theory. Chapters...more|
|Document Title:||The New Permanency.|
|Personal Author:||Gupta-Kagan, Josh.|
|Author Affiliation:||University of South Carolina. School of Law.|
|Abstract:||Permanency is a pillar of child welfare law; children generally do better with legally permanent caretakers than in temporary foster care. Historically, when foster children cannot reunify with their parents, states have sought to terminate parental rights and find adoptive families. But recent legal reforms have created a continuum of permanency options, many of which permit ongoing legal relationships with biological parents and do not require termination of biological parents’ rights. Research has demonstrated that such options are as lasting as adoption, and can help more children leave foster care to legally permanent caretakers. This continuum promises to empower families —...more|
|Document Title:||Educational Stability Matters: Increasing the Well Being of Children in Substitute Care [Oregon].|
|Corporate Author:||Oregon Department of Human Services.
Oregon Department of Education.
Oregon Judicial Department.
|Abstract:||This report describes the activities and accomplishments of Educational Stability Matters (ESM), a federally funded grant aimed at improving the educational success and stability outcomes of Oregon foster children between the ages of 12 and 20 years old. The grant effort was a partnership between Oregon Department of Human Services (DHS), the Oregon Department of Education (ODE), and Oregon Judicial Department (OJD). ESM defined two main objectives: the establishment of four local collaborating partnerships in Multnomah, Marion, Lane, and Washington Counties to address timely enrollment and transfer of records, school identification of foster children, and assurance that educational supports are in...more|