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|Document Title:||Resiliency capacities among rural low-income families.|
|Personal Author:||Vandergriff-Avery, Maria.,Anderson, Elaine A.,Braun, Bonnie.`|
|Abstract:||The purpose of this article is to help human service practitioners recognize and understand the stressor events and crises faced by rural low-income families as a basis for development of appropriate social support strategies. Identifying protective and recovery factors utilized by these families fills a gap in research on stress, crises, and resilience. The article is based on a study involving in-depth interviews of 34 rural mothers. Analysis revealed that these families used a variety of protective and recovery factors to manage stress and prevent crisis or cope with crises indicators of their resiliency capacities. Implications, as corroborated by previous research...more|
|Document Title:||Rural research needs and data sources for selected human services topics. Final report.|
|Corporate Author:||Mathematica Policy Research.
United States. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation.
|Abstract:||Rural areas are different from urban areas in their socioeconomic conditions, the status and prevalence of health and human services-related conditions, the availability and characteristics of services and social supports, and the social and cultural factors that can affect the quality, availability, use, and cost of needed services. These factors can affect rural areas in both positive and negative ways, but, in contrast to urban areas, less is known about them. Rural human services research is considerably less developed as a discipline than rural health services research, due in part to the difficulty of finding suitable data for study. The main...more|
|Document Title:||Challenges faced by rural TANF recipients : regional differences in the outcomes of a lifeskills program.|
|Personal Author:||Zunz, Sharyn J.,Wichroski, Mary Anne.,Hebert, Susanne M. Hebert.|
|Abstract:||This paper presents an analysis of the socio-economic disparities between a state's rural and non-rural counties and describes differences in outcomes between geographically diverse participants in a statewide welfare-to-work lifeskills program. While both rural and non-rural groups made significant gains by program's end, participants from the most disadvantaged, rural counties were found to have less confidence in their own knowledge and abilities, lower self-esteem, and lower scores on some social support measures. At follow-up, rural participants were working fewer hours, for less pay, and were over-represented in service and laborer jobs. Ways to address the specific needs of rural recipients are...more|
|Document Title:||Rural disparities in baseline data of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study: a chartbook.|
|Corporate Author:||Mississippi State University Early Childhood Institute. National Center for Rural Early Childhood Learning Initiatives.
|Abstract:||This report introduces the results from an analysis contrasting young children's care and development in rural and non-rural settings using baseline data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS) birth and kindergarten cohorts (ECLS-B and ECLS-K). These are coordinated studies carried out by the U.S. Department of Education, one following a nationally representative group of babies through entry into school, and the other following a nationally representative group of kindergarteners through elementary school. The chartbook contains a discussion of key findings related to child care use, early literacy skills, and mental health. It also contains sets of tables showing rural and...more|
|Document Title:||Methamphetamine exposure : a rural early intervention challenge.|
|Personal Author:||Lester, Barry M.,Arria, Amelia M.,Derauf, Christian.,Grant, Penny.,Lagasse, Linda.|
|Abstract:||In the Infant Development, Environment and Lifestyle (IDEAL) Study of methamphetamine (MA) effects on children, the authors screened approximately 27,000 newborn infants for MA exposure, and from that pool derived a sample of in utero MA-exposed children as well as a comparison group matched for other drug use and other factors. IDEAL measures cognition, social relationships, neuromotor development, neuroendocrine function, and general health. Preliminary analyses from the neonatal period have yielded findings in several areas. (1) Pregnant users and nonusers of MA did not differ in race, age, education, type of insurance, current partner status, or religious preference. After adjusting for...more|
|Document Title:||Effects of family risk factors on dosage and efficacy of a family-centered preventive intervention for rural African Americans.|
|Personal Author:||Brody, Gene H.,Murry, Velma McBride.,Chen, Yi-fu.,Kogan, Steven M.,Brown, Anita C.|
|Abstract:||This study was designed to test hypotheses about family risk factors and their links to dosage and efficacy of a family-centered preventive intervention. Participants were 172 families with an 11 year-old child randomly assigned to the intervention condition in the Strong African American Families Program (SAAF). Two family risk factors, ratio of adults to children in the household and youth unconventionality, were negatively related to dosage, defined as number of intervention sessions attended. Dosage, in turn, was associated with changes in targeted parenting behavior across the 7 months between pretest and posttest. The effect of family risk factors on the link...more|
|Document Title:||Promotion of Evidence-Based Practices for Child Traumatic Stress in Rural Populations: Identification of Barriers and Promising Solutions.|
|Personal Author:||Paul, Lisa A.,Gray, Matt J.,Elhai, Jon D.,Massad, Phillip M.,Stamm, Beth Hudnall|
|Abstract:||Child physical abuse, child sexual abuse, and other forms of traumatic stress in childhood are unfortunately quite prevalent. Although most children exhibit striking resiliency in the face of such harrowing experiences, the ubiquity of childhood trauma translates into a significant number of children in need of clinical services to address resultant unremitting distress. Encouragingly, a number of effective interventions for child traumatic stress have been developed in the past several years, and these services are increasingly available in urban areas. Unfortunately, residents of rural and frontier regions may remain underserved despite the existence of effective treatments. This article briefly reviews the...more|
|Document Title:||Case Series: Mental Health Needs and Perspectives of Rural Children Reared by Parents Who Abuse Methamphetamine.|
|Personal Author:||Ostler, Teresa.,Haight, Wendy.,Black, James.,Choi, Ga-Young.,Kingery, Linda.,Sheridan, Kathryn.|
|Abstract:||This case-based, mixed-methods study was undertaken to understand the perspectives and mental health needs of rural children exposed to parental methamphetamine abuse. METHOD: Participants were 23 children involved with a state child protective agency because of parental methamphetamine abuse. A semistructured interview provided information on children's perspectives of their families. Information on children's mental health needs was obtained from the Child Behavior Checklist and Trauma Symptom Checklist. Case records and caseworker reports provided information on children's family experiences. RESULTS: Children described emotional pain; few social resources for coping with emotions, problem solving, or talking about their experiences; and avoidant or passive...more|
|Document Title:||Tribal STAR: Addressing the Needs of Rural Native American Foster Youth : San Diego State University School of Social Work.|
|Personal Author:||Denniston, Jack.|
|Abstract:||The primary goal of our project is to improve the outcomes of rural Native American foster youth. This will be accomplished through the development and implementation of two comprehensive, competency-based collaborative training programs, one for frontline staff, and the other for supervisory child welfare staff. The training will be developed with input from a variety of Native American voices, including youth, tribal leaders, frontline workers, and professionals. The training will provide participants with a solid understanding of the Indian Child Welfare Act, unique challenges associated with working with rural populations, the importance of operating from a position of cultural competency, the...more|
|Document Title:||Rural After-School Programs: Meeting the Needs of At-Risk Youth and Their Families.|
|Personal Author:||Letiecq, Bethany L.,Bailey, Sandra J.,Keller, Julie A.|
|Abstract:||Extant research has focused on out-of-school time among urban and suburban youth, yet there remains scant information on rural low-income youth and their families. This study examines the salience of after-school programs for rural youth. Using an ecological framework, we assess changes in youth behavior and skill acquisition based on reports from 47 youth attending after-school programs in two rural communities, along with their primary caregivers and teachers. Results indicate enhanced life skills and social behaviors among youth attendees. Implications for future research, programming, and policymaking are discussed. (Author abstract)|