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|Document Title:||Transition to Independence Process (TIP) System: Lighting the Way to Independence for Youth and Young Adults [Website].|
|Corporate Author:||University of South Florida. Department of Child and Family Studies.|
|Abstract:||This website describes the mission of the Transition to Independence Process (TIP) system, a system designed to assist young people with emotional and/or behavioral difficulties (EBD) in making a successful transition to adulthood and achieving their goals in the transition domains of education, employment, living situation, and community life. The website provides links to: a description of TIP guidelines, TIP project descriptions, information on the theoretical basis for the TIP system, publications, TIP resources, training modules, transition related websites, and TIP evaluation instruments and reports.|
|Document Title:||Substance Use and Mental Health Issues Among U.S. Born American Indians or Alaska Natives Residing on and off Tribal Lands.|
|Series Title:||CBHSQ Data Review|
|Personal Author:||Park-Lee, Eunice.
Lipari, Rachel N.
|Abstract:||This brief presents the findings of a study that examined differences in mental health, substance use, and treatment receipt among U.S.-born American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/And) residing on and off tribal lands. For the study, combined 2005 to 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) data was analyzed and included about 31,900 self-identified U.S.-born AI/AN adolescents and adults aged 12 or older residing on (n =5,400) or off (n =26,500) tribal lands. Findings indicate for many of the behavioral health topics analyzed, U.S.-born AI/AN adults and adolescents residing on tribal lands were equally or less likely than U.S.-born AI/AN adults...more|
|Document Title:||Nonsuicidal Self-Injury in Adolescents Placed in Youth Welfare and Juvenile Justice Group Homes: Associations with Mental Disorders and Suicidality.|
|Personal Author:||Lüdtke, Janine.
Plener, Paul L.
Fegert, Jörg M.
|Author Affiliation:||Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychiatric Clinics of the University of Basel, Basel,Switzerland.|
|Abstract:||Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a frequent phenomenon in adolescents, however there is a lack of studies on the prevalence of NSSI in adolescents placed in youth welfare and juvenile justice group homes. The goal of the present study is to investigate the prevalence rates of NSSI and mental disorders in adolescents living in the youth welfare system, as well as how occasional and repetitive NSSI differ with respect to mental disorders, suicidality, and gender. The sample consisted of 397 adolescents aged 12 to19 years (mean age = 15.98, SD = 1.77, 65.7% male) placed in youth welfare and juvenile justice group...more|
|Document Title:||Maternal Life Stress and Subsequent Chinese Toddlers’ Social Adjustment: The Moderating Role of Inhibitory Control.|
|Personal Author:||Liu, Siman.
|Author Affiliation:||Beijing Key Laboratory of Learning and Cognition, Research Center for Child Development, School of Psychology, Capital Normal University, Beijing, China.|
|Abstract:||The current study examined the links between maternal life stress and subsequent toddler behavior problems and social competence, as well as the potential moderating effects of cool and hot inhibitory control (IC) in mainland China. Participants included 89 mothers and their infants (42 boys, 47 girls). Mothers completed self-report measure of maternal life stress when their children were 1 year of age (M?=?1.18, SD?=?.07 at Time 1), and reported on their children’s social adjustment using the Chinese version of Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment (CITSEA) at Time 1 and again a year later (M?=?2.06, SD?=?.09 at Time 2). Toddler IC was...more|
|Document Title:||The Protective Effects of Religious Beliefs on Behavioral Health Factors Among Low Income African American Adolescents in Chicago.|
|Personal Author:||Kim, Dong Ha.
Voisin, Dexter R.
|Author Affiliation:||School of Social Service Administration.|
|Abstract:||Religious involvement has long been argued to have protective effects for negative behavioral health outcomes for vulnerable youth. This study builds on the existing resilience literature and need for more studies that examine protective factors associated with behavioral health. A sample of 638 low-income African American adolescents in Chicago to examine within group variations of the influence of religious involvement on delinquency, school engagement, substance use and sexual risk behaviors, and whether such relationships differ by gender, sexual orientation, and socioeconomic status. Logistic regression findings documented that greater religious involvement was protective with regards to lower rates of delinquency, drug use,...more|
|Document Title:||Relations among Parenting, Child Behavioral Regulation and Early Competencies: A Study on Chinese Preschoolers.|
|Personal Author:||Ren, Lixin.
|Author Affiliation:||Department of Early Childhood Education, Faculty of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.|
|Abstract:||As an important aspect of self-regulation, behavioral regulation contributes to young children’s academic and social-emotional outcomes. In this study, we examined the relations between young Chinese children’s behavioral regulation and their mathematics competence, language skills, and behavior problems. We further explored the role of both maternal and paternal parenting in these relations. We tested two competing frameworks. We examined whether behavioral regulation would mediate the relations between parenting and aforementioned child outcomes. We also tested whether parenting would moderate the relations between children’s behavioral regulation and their outcomes. A total of 109 Chinese children approximately at three years of age living...more|
|Document Title:||Behavioral Problems Reported by Adolescents and Parents from HIV Affected Families in China.|
|Personal Author:||Li, Li.
Comulada, W. Scott
|Author Affiliation:||Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, Center for Community Health.|
|Abstract:||This study examined the influence of various factors on the behavioral problems of adolescents affected by HIV while considering the agreement between adolescent and parent reports on problem behaviors. A total of 136 families each with one parent living with HIV (PLH) and one child aged 13–18 were included. Structural equation modeling was used to explore relationships between selected family measures and adolescent’s problem behaviors. The correlation between the PLH and adolescent-reported behavioral problem measures was low (??=?0.11). PLH-reported adolescent problem behaviors were negatively related to PLH-reported parental bonding (??=??0.39), family routines (??=??0.26), and positively associated with family conflict (??=?0.21). Adolescent-reported...more|
|Document Title:||The Effects Of Parenting Behavior On Prosocial Behavior Of Chinese Adolescents In Hong Kong.|
|Personal Author:||Ngai, Steven S.
|Abstract:||This study explores the interplay between parenting behavior and prosocial behavior and examines whether parenting behavior acts as a mediator that explains gender differences in prosocial behavior. We recruited 1988 adolescents (mean age=14.6 years, SD=1.8) from 17 secondary schools in Hong Kong. The results showed that parenting behaviors characterized by care, autonomy, and overprotection had differential positive effects on public, emotional, compliant, anonymous, and altruistic prosocial behaviors, whereas indifferent parenting had a negative impact on altruistic prosocial behavior. Among parenting behaviors, autonomy had the most influential positively direct effect on emotional, compliant, anonymous, and altruistic prosocial behaviors. In addition, with mediating...more|
|Document Title:||Factors Associated With Successful Shared Parenting Following Family Dissolution (Special Issue: Shared Parenting After Separation And Divorce).|
|Personal Author:||Braver, Sanford.
Lamb, Michael E.
|Abstract:||The article provides a brief introduction to a special issue focused on shared parenting. The articles in the special issue provide up-to-date summaries of the research and scholarship relating to key questions and controversies around the effects of divorce and contrasting custody arrangements. Two articles focus on infant–parent attachments in separated families, two on the factors affecting the adjustment of children whose parents have separated, and two on the thorny issues posed by relocation disputes. (Author abstract)|
|Document Title:||Safe And Secure: Suggestions For Sharing Care Of Babies And Toddlers (Special Issue: Shared Parenting After Separation And Divorce).|
|Personal Author:||Ludolph, Pamela S.|
|Abstract:||Infants and toddlers form critical attachments to both their mothers and fathers if the parent is caring and available to the child with regularity. Given that one secure attachment has been shown to promote healthy development in important ways and that it remains unknown at birth which parent will best generate that attachment, it is wise to provide each parent enough time with the child to foster attachment, including children whose parents do not live together. Although babies may be temporarily stressed by the early introduction of an unfamiliar parent, there is little likelihood of lasting harm if there is screening...more|
|Document Title:||Does Shared Parenting By Separated Parents Affect The Adjustment Of Young Children? (Special Issue: Shared Parenting After Separation And Divorce).|
|Personal Author:||Lamb, Michael E.|
|Abstract:||The changing family roles and evidence that most infants form attachment relationships with both of their parents have sparked a debate about parenting arrangements when the parents of infants and toddlers separate. Misunderstanding of attachment theory and the available empirical evidence has obscured rather than clarified evidence-based decision-making. In this report, I closely examine the five studies most frequently referenced in this context and show what they do and do not tell us about the ways in which children’s adjustment can be promoted when their parents separate. Consistent with attachment theory, the evidence suggests that children benefit when parenting plans allow...more|
|Document Title:||Development of Sexual Risk in Minority Youth: Risk and Protective Factors in Early Adolescence (in Special Issue: Development of Sexual Risk in Minority Youth: Risk and Protective Factors in Early Adolescence).|
|Personal Author:||Wilson, Helen W.|
|Abstract:||The current special issue highlights a number of culturally relevant variables that relate to sexual risk in early adolescents from minority race or ethnic backgrounds. Each of the four studies in this issue presents a unique perspective on factors that relate to increased risk or resilience in minority early adolescents. Therefore, findings reported in this special issue shed light on potential intervention strategies to deter the development of sexual risk in minority youth. The articles presented suggest a need for increased attention to early adolescence as a window of opportunity for preventing sexual risk in minority teens. Effective interventions during the...more|
|Document Title:||Testing a Higher Order Model of Internalizing and Externalizing Behavior: The Role of Aggression Subtypes.|
|Personal Author:||Perry, Kristin J.
Ostrov, Jamie M.
|Author Affiliation:||Department of Psychology, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, New York.|
|Abstract:||This study assessed how the forms and functions of aggression fit into a higher order model of internalizing and externalizing behavior, for children in early childhood (N?=?332, M age?=?47.11 months, SD?=?7.32). The lower order internalizing factors were depressed affect, anxious-fearfulness, and asocial behavior (i.e., social withdrawal) and the lower order externalizing factors were deception and hyperactivity. The forms and functions of aggression were crossed to create four factors: reactive relational, reactive physical, proactive relational, and proactive physical aggression. Seven confirmatory factor models were tested. Results supported a two-factor externalizing model where reactive and proactive relational aggression and deception loaded on one...more|
|Document Title:||Maternal Responsiveness as a Predictor of Self-Regulation Development and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Symptoms Across Preschool Ages.|
|Personal Author:||Pauli-Pott, Ursula.
|Author Affiliation:||Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, Philipps-University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany.|
|Abstract:||Preschool-age “hot” executive function capacity (i.e. reward-related effortful control) represents an early kind of self-regulation that is involved in social adjustment development as well as the development of subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Early self-regulation development might be malleable by responsive parenting. We analyzed whether maternal responsiveness/sensitivity predicts reward-related control (RRC) development within the preschool period, and whether RRC mediates a negative link between maternal responsiveness and ADHD symptoms. A sample of 125 preschoolers and their families were seen at the ages of 4 and 5 years. Maternal responsiveness/sensitivity was assessed via home observations, RRC by neuropsychological tasks, and ADHD symptoms...more|
|Document Title:||Development of Preschool Children Sibling Rivalry Scale (PSRS).|
|Personal Author:||Ata Aktürk, Aysun.
Demircan, Hasibe Özlen.
|Author Affiliation:||Early Childhood Education, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey.|
|Abstract:||The purpose of the current study was to develop a valid and reliable scale to assess the sibling rivalry behavior of 3–6-year-old preschool children with one or more younger siblings, based on their parents’ reports. The pilot study was conducted with 544 parents. Through exploratory factor analysis, six factors were obtained: warmth/closeness, parental partiality, competition, regression and restlessness, antagonism, and negative behavioral changes. The validation study was conducted with 203 parents, using the final version of the scale consisting of 39 items. Confirmatory factor analysis results verified the six-factor solution. The Cronbach’s alpha values for the six factors ranged from .63...more|
|Document Title:||Experiences of Ambiguous Loss for Parents of Transgender Male Youth: A Phenomenological Exploration.|
|Personal Author:||Coolhart, Deborah.
|Author Affiliation:||Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York.|
|Abstract:||Little research exists on the emotional experiences of family members in general, and in particular, the parents of transgender individuals during their disclosure or transition. The current literature on the family members of transgender individuals provides various models of emotional processing. These models are based on clinical work and experience with transgender individuals and their families, rather than on research. All of these models include many different emotional experiences and experiences of loss for family members. Thus, models describing loss and ambiguous loss are also helpful in understanding these experiences. This study explored parents’ experiences of ambiguous loss and manifestations of...more|
|Document Title:||Stability and Change of Adolescents’ Aggressive Behavior in Residential Youth Care.|
|Personal Author:||Eltink, E. M. A.
Ten Hoeve, J.
De Jongh, T.
Van der Helm, G. H. P.
Wissink, I. B.
Stams, G. J. J. M.
|Author Affiliation:||Youth Expert Centre.|
|Abstract:||The present short-term longitudinal study examined individual and institutional predictors of aggression in a group of 198 adolescents placed in open, semi-secure and secure residential institutions from the perspective of the importation and deprivation model.MethodsA total of 198 adolescents in residential youth care filled in questionnaires regarding group climate and aggression with a 3 month interval. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were performed to test the degree to which individual and contextual factors predict aggression.ResultsVery limited support was found for the effect of contextual factors; only repression showed a trend, predicting direct aggression, while gender composition of the living groups yielded a...more|
|Document Title:||Group Therapy for Emotional Dysregulation: Treatment for Adolescents and Their Parents.|
|Personal Author:||Gill, Duncan.
|Author Affiliation:||Department of Psychology.|
|Abstract:||A dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) group has been conducted for a number of years at a public outpatient clinic for adolescents suffering with emotional regulation difficulties and their families. A detailed account of the rationale, design, and content of both the adolescent and parent groups are provided. Data from these groups adds to the limited evidence regarding the efficacy of such groups. A retrospective analysis of changes in the adolescent participants’ emotional dysregulation, depression, anxiety and stress, following their participation in the group (N?=?12) was conducted. Several substantial improvements were noted across the measures of psychopathology, following the completion of the...more|
|Document Title:||Residential Education As An Alternative For Promoting Psychosocial And Behavioral Outcomes Among High-Risk Young Macanese Males.|
|Personal Author:||Weng, Xue.
Chui, Wing Hong.
Kim, Tae Yeun.
|Abstract:||Residential education which integrates both home and school life aims to help youth who are socially or economically disadvantaged. Using Macanese school samples, the study analyzes the demographic background, personal characteristics, and behavioral problems of current and graduate boarding students, together with a control group of students from an ordinary school. A sample of 246 male students (69 current boarders, 37 boarding graduates, and 140 controls) was subjected to statistical analysis. Descriptive analyses and logistic regressions were conducted to explore the risk profile of boarding students relative to control students, who are from an ordinary school, and to identify the protective...more|
|Document Title:||Young Care Leavers' Expectations Of Their Future: A Question Of Time Horizon.|
|Personal Author:||Bengtsson, Mattias.
|Abstract:||This paper investigates young care leavers' expectations of their future after discharge from care. The results are based on qualitative longitudinal data where 16‐ to 21‐year‐old care leavers (n = 15) were interviewed twice, first when still in care but planning for their discharge (T1) and the second time 6–9 months later (T2). The analysis using a general inductive approach showed that their expectations were dependent on the time horizon and that there was an obvious difference between the young informants' short‐ and long‐term expectations. Their short‐term expectations consisted of worries connected to their approaching discharge (at T1) and how to...more|
|Document Title:||Dance Of Relationship: What All Parents Need To Know About Attachment.|
|Personal Author:||Davis Maxon, Allison.|
|Abstract:||This article explains the impact of the parent-child attachment relationship on the development of an infant’s brain. It describes how experiences shape and reshape the neural circuitry of the grain and how early bonding and attachment experiences result in a cascade of biochemical processes that stimulate and enhance the growth and connectivity of neural networks through the brain. The negative impacts of disrupting early primary attachments on a child’s social and emotional development are discussed.|
|Document Title:||Treatment for School Refusal Among Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.|
|Personal Author:||Maynard, Brandy R.
Brendel, Kristen E.
Bulanda, Jeffery J.
Thompson, Aaron M.
Pigott, Terri D.
|Abstract:||Objective:School refusal is a psychosocial problem associated with adverse short- and long-term consequences for children and adolescents. The authors conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the effects of psychosocial treatments for children and adolescents with school refusal.Method:A comprehensive search process was used to find eligible randomized controlled trials and quasi-experimental studies assessing the effects of psychosocial treatments on anxiety or attendance outcomes. Data were quantitatively synthesized using meta-analytic methods.Results:Eight studies including 435 children and adolescents with school refusal were included in this review. Significant effects were found for attendance but not for anxiety.Conclusions:Evidence indicates that improvements in school attendance...more|
|Document Title:||Changing the Music: Understanding the Educational Obstacles for Foster Youth [Presentation Slides] (Presentation at the 2018 National Youth at Risk Conference, March 4-7, 2018, Savannah, Georgia).|
|Personal Author:||Stearns, Amie J.|
|Abstract:||This PowerPoint presentation on the lack of academic achievement of foster youth was given at the National Youth at Risk Conference held in Savannah, Georgia, on March 4-7, 2018. It begins by noting there are 437,465 foster youth in the United States, half of the foster youth drop out of school, and 25% are homeless 18 months after emancipating form the foster care system. Following slides discuss the overlooked tribulations faced by foster adolescents that impact their academics, including educational disruptions, lower standardized test scores, their double average absentee rate, and their overrepresentation in special education. Behavioral challenges faced by foster...more|
|Document Title:||School Readiness Of Maltreated Preschoolers And Later School Achievement: The Role Of Emotion Regulation, Language, And Context (Special Issue: Highlighting Education And Learning In The Context Of Childhood Abuse, Neglect, And Related Stressors).|
|Personal Author:||Panlilio, Carlomagno C.
Harden, Brenda J.
|Abstract:||Guided by bio-ecological theory, this study aimed to: (1) identify heterogeneity in the developmental patterns of emotion regulation for maltreated preschool-aged children; (2) examine the role of gender, language, placement instability, cognitive stimulation, and emotional support on patterns of stability and change of emotion regulation over time; and (3) elucidate the role of emotion regulation/dysregulation patterns on later academic achievement. This study utilized data from the first cohort of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being. Results using LCA and LTA models indicated stability and change in emotionally regulated vs. emotionally dysregulated latent classes across 4, 5, and 6 ½...more|
|Document Title:||Depression, Anxiety And PTSD In Sexually Abused Adolescents: Association With Self-Efficacy, Coping And Family Support.|
|Personal Author:||Guerra, Cristóbal.
|Abstract:||Sexual abuse has the potential to generate serious emotional consequences for its victims, but there is high variability in the symptoms reported by different victims. Therefore, it is necessary to ascertain the factors associated with the symptoms presented by sexual abuse victims. The aim of the study was to use a single model to evaluate the relationship between sexual abuse characteristics (frequency, violence, relation with the aggressor and physical commitment), cognitive and behavioral factors (self-efficacy, active coping and perceived family support) and internalizing symptoms (anxiety, depression and posttraumatic stress) in a group of sexually abused adolescents. The participants included 106 female...more|
|Document Title:||School Readiness Of Maltreated Children: Associations Of Timing, Type, And Chronicity Of Maltreatment.|
|Personal Author:||Bell, Megan F.
Bayliss, Donna M.
Ohan, Jeneva L.
|Abstract:||Children who have been maltreated during early childhood may experience a difficult transition into fulltime schooling, due to maladaptive development of the skills and abilities that are important for positive school adaptation. An understanding of how different dimensions of maltreatment relate to children’s school readiness is important for informing appropriate supports for maltreated children. In this study, the Australian Early Development Census scores of 19,203 children were linked to information on child maltreatment allegations (substantiated and unsubstantiated), including the type of alleged maltreatment, the timing of the allegation (infancy-toddlerhood or preschool), and the total number of allegations (chronicity). Children with a...more|
|Document Title:||The Impact Of The Social Context On Externalizing Risks – Implications For The Delivery Of Programs To Vulnerable Youth.|
|Personal Author:||Sanders, Jackie.
|Abstract:||This paper draws on data from a longitudinal study of over 500 vulnerable adolescents to examine the extent to which levels of individual externalizing risk behaviors (risky or unsafe behaviors) changed over time, as well as which fixed and time-dynamic factors predicted changes in these risk levels over time. Over time absolute levels of risky behaviors decreased but remained above normative levels. Of all the predictors, being excluded from school and associating with an anti-social peer group were the strongest and most consistent predictors of these behaviors. Other factors predicted changes in one or more of the three risk measures used,...more|
|Document Title:||Substance Use In Youth Adopted From Foster Care: Developmental Mechanisms Of Risk.|
|Personal Author:||Blake, Austin J.
Langley, Audra K.
Waterman, Jill M.
|Abstract:||Children who enter foster care are at unique risk for developing substance abuse due to experiencing early life stressors. A large body of research has revealed robust effects of various stressors on later substance use, implicating the role of early neurobiological changes that create chronic internalizing problems. However, less literature has investigated externalizing behavior as a mechanism underlying this relationship. Moreover, few studies have examined these mechanisms through a model of cumulative risk. The present study examined whether the prospective association between cumulative pre-adoptive risk (e.g., maltreatment, age at placement, foster placement instability, ever having lived with birth parent) and adolescent/young-adult...more|
|Document Title:||Keeping Kids in Class: Pre-K Through 2nd Grade Suspensions in Texas and a Better Way Forward.|
|Corporate Author:||Texans Care for Children.|
|Abstract:||This report explains that in 2017 the Texas Legislature passed House Bill 674 that prohibits out-of-school suspensions for public school students from pre-k through second grade except for very narrow circumstances, such as a student bringing a gun to school. HB 674 still permits in-school suspensions and placement in Disciplinary Alternative Education Programs (DAEP) for these grades. The law also outlines alternative strategies that districts may implement to reduce challenging behaviors and support students’ needs. Similar bans on early grade suspensions policies were approved in 2016 and 2017 by school boards in Austin, Dallas, El Paso, and Houston Independent School Districts...more|
|Document Title:||The Role of Religion and Spirituality in the Association Between Hope and Anxiety in a Sample of Latino Youth.|
|Personal Author:||DiPierro, Moneika.
Fite, Paula J.
|Author Affiliation:||Clinical Child Psychology Program, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas.|
|Abstract:||Findings did not support a buffering effect of religion/spirituality. Religious/spiritual coping may strengthen the link between high levels of hope and low anxiety levels in this sample. (Author abstract)|
|Document Title:||Internalizing and Externalizing Problem Behavior: a Test of a Latent Variable Interaction Predicting a Two-Part Growth Model of Adolescent Substance Use.|
|Personal Author:||Colder, Craig R.
Lengua, Liliana J.
Read, Jennifer P.
Hawk, Larry W.
Wieczorek, William F.
|Author Affiliation:||Department of Psychology, Park Hall, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, New York.|
|Abstract:||Externalizing symptoms robustly predict adolescent substance use (SU); however, findings regarding internalizing symptoms have been mixed, suggesting that there may be important moderators of the relationship between internalizing problems and SU. The present study used a longitudinal community sample (N?=?387, 55% female, 83% White) to test whether externalizing symptoms moderated the relationship between internalizing symptoms and trajectories of alcohol and marijuana use from early (age 11–12 years old) to late (age 18–19 years old) adolescence. Two-part latent growth models were used to distinguish trajectories of probability of use from trajectories of amount of use among users. Results suggested that externalizing symptoms...more|
|Document Title:||Key Factors and Characteristics of Successful Resource Parents Who Care for Older Youth: A Systematic Review of Research.|
|Personal Author:||Day, Angelique.
|Abstract:||There is growing recognition that competent, committed resource parents are a critical component to the effective delivery of foster and adoptive services for teens placed in out-of-home-care. This study implemented a systematic review process to identify the personal characteristics, skills and abilities of successful resource families that maximize foster and adoptive parent retention and maximize placement permanency of teens placed in out of home care. Starting with an extensive search of the literature across the last two decades and outreach to locate studies, the authors systematically analyzed research that used permanency and placement stability as the primary dependent variables and personal...more|
|Document Title:||The Impact Of The Positive Action Program On Substance Use, Aggression, And Psychological Functioning: Is School Climate A Mechanism Of Change?|
|Personal Author:||Stalker, Katie C.
Evans, Caroline B.R.
Smokowski, Paul R.
|Abstract:||The social emotional learning (SEL) conceptual model posits that SEL programs lead to increased knowledge and skills, improved attitudes about self, others, and school, and supportive learning environments, which in turn improve student emotional, behavioral, and academic outcomes. Positive Action (PA) is an SEL program for elementary-, middle-, and high-school students. Extensive research documents the effectiveness of PA in decreasing adolescent risk factors and enhancing protective factors, however, minimal research has examined the mechanisms of change responsible for these effects. The current study examined whether PA was associated with SEL outcomes (i.e., alcohol use, aggression, depression, and anxiety) through school hassles...more|
|Document Title:||Patterns Of Social-Emotional Learning Needs Among High School Freshmen Students.|
|Personal Author:||Tan, Kevin.
Shin, Oe J.
|Abstract:||The relationships among social-emotional learning (SEL), academics, and school behaviors have been widely established. However, it is less clear how patterns of co-occurring SEL needs among high school freshmen students relate to grades, behaviors, and their perceptions about the importance of social skills. This study uses latent class analysis to identify patterns of SEL needs among ninth grade students (n?=?323), their associations with prior and current academic and school behavioral performance, and their perception of the importance of social skills. Five patterns of SEL needs emerged: (1) low-all, (2) high-all, (3) social skills problems only, (4) assertion, externalizing, and internalizing problems,...more|
|Document Title:||Cyberbullying Perpetration Among Chinese Adolescents: The Role Of Interparental Conflict, Moral Disengagement, And Moral Identity.|
|Personal Author:||Yang, Xiaohui.
|Abstract:||The current study examined the relationships among interparental conflict, moral disengagement, moral identity, and cyberbullying perpetration among adolescents. Participants were 649 Chinese high school students (aged 11–19 years, 48% girls). Hierarchical multiple regression analysis and SPSS macro PROCESS were conducted to test the proposed the moderated mediation model. Results showed that moral disengagement was positively correlated with adolescents' cyberbullying perpetration behavior. Moral identity was negatively related to cyberbullying perpetration behavior. Moral disengagement and moral identity mediated the effect of interparental conflict on cyberbullying perpetration. Moreover, moral identity moderated the indirect effect of interparental conflict on cyberbullying perpetration behavior through moral disengagement....more|
|Document Title:||Parental Childhood Adversity, Depressive Symptoms, and Parenting Quality: Effects on Toddler Self-Regulation in Child Welfare Services Involved Families [Author Manuscript].|
|Series Title:||HHS Public Access Author Manuscript ; PMCID: PMC5812360|
|Personal Author:||Spieker, Susan J.
Oxford, Monica L.
Fleming, Charles B.
Lohr, Mary Jane.
|Author Affiliation:||University of Washington.|
|Abstract:||Parents who are involved with child welfare services (CWSI) often have a history of childhood adversity and depressive symptoms. Both affect parenting quality, which in turn influences child adaptive functioning. We tested a model of the relations between parental depression and child regulatory outcomes first proposed by K. Lyons-Ruth, R. Wolfe, A. Lyubchik, and R. Steingard (2002). We hypothesized that both parental depression and parenting quality mediate the effects of parental early adversity on offspring regulatory outcomes. Participants were 123 CWSI parents and their toddlers assessed three times over a period of 6 months. At Time 1, parents reported on their...more|
|Document Title:||The Self-Driven Child: The Science and Sense of Giving Your Kids More Control Over Their Lives.|
|Personal Author:||Stixrud, William.
|Abstract:||This book explains the most important thing for a child to thrive is to feel that they are in charge of their lives and discusses parenting strategies to help parents actively help their children sculpt a brain that is resilient, stress-proof, and eager to take on new challenges. The text begins by noting that from 1960 to 2002, high school and college students have steadily reported lower and lower levels of internal locus of control and higher levels of external local of control and that this change has been associated with an increased vulnerability to anxiety and depression. Chapters then address:...more|
|Document Title:||Sleeping Toward Behavioral Regulation: Relations Between Sleep and Externalizing Symptoms in Toddlers and Preschoolers.|
|Personal Author:||Belanger, Marie-Eve.
|Abstract:||The aim of this study was to investigate the concurrent and longitudinal relations between sleep and externalizing symptoms among young children. Sixty-four families (mostly Caucasian; 36 boys) were met twice, when children were 2 (T1) and 4 years of age (T2). At T1, children wore an actigraph monitor for a 72-hr period, and both mothers and fathers completed the Child Behavior Checklist. At T2, both parents as well as the daycare educator filled the Child Behavior Checklist. At T1, longer sleep duration and higher sleep efficiency were associated with fewer externalizing symptoms as assessed by mothers. Results also indicated that higher...more|
|Document Title:||The Role of Child and Adolescent Adjustment Problems and Sleep Disturbance in Parent Psychological Distress.|
|Personal Author:||Chardon, Marie L.
Stromberg, Sarah E.
Fedele, David A.
Carmody, Julia K.
Dumont-Driscoll, Marilyn C.
Janicke, David M.
|Abstract:||The goal of this study was to examine the moderating role of youth sleep disturbance on the relationship between youth internalizing and externalizing symptoms and parent psychological distress. Participants were 225 youth (ages 8–17) and parent dyads attending a primary care clinic appointment. Participants completed questionnaires that assessed parent psychological distress, youth internalizing symptoms, youth externalizing symptoms, and youth sleep disturbance. Moderation analyses were conducted to examine whether youth sleep disturbance moderated the relationship between youth internalizing and externalizing symptoms and parent psychological distress. The interaction between youth internalizing symptoms and youth sleep disturbance was significantly related to parent psychological distress,...more|
|Document Title:||Stability and Predictive Validity of the Parent–Child Sleep Interactions Scale: A Longitudinal Study Among Preschoolers.|
|Personal Author:||Barrios, Chelsey S.
Jay, Samantha Y.
Smith, Victoria C.
Alfano, Candice A.
Dougherty, Lea R.
|Abstract:||Little research has examined the processes underlying children’s persistent sleep problems and links with later psychopathology. The current study examined the stability of parent–child sleep interactions as assessed with the parent-reported Parent–Child Sleep Interactions Scale (PSIS) and examined whether sleep interactions in preschool-age children predict sleep problems and psychiatric symptoms later in childhood. Participants included 108 preschool-age children (50% female) and their parents. Parents completed the PSIS when children were 3–5 years (T1) and again when they were 6–9 years (T2). The PSIS includes three subscales—Sleep Reinforcement (reassurance of child sleep behaviors), Sleep Conflict (parent–child conflict at bedtime), Sleep Dependence (difficulty...more|
|Document Title:||Quantity Versus Quality Of Nonresident Father Involvement: Deconstructing The Argument That Quantity Doesn't Matter (Special Issue: Shared Parenting After Separation And Divorce).|
|Personal Author:||Adamsons, Kari.|
|Abstract:||Over the last few decades, numerous studies have examined the impact of nonresident fathers on the well-being of their children, including two meta-analyses. Such research consistently has demonstrated that when nonresident fathers are involved with their children in positive ways, their children benefit substantially; however, studies also have found that the amount of nonresident father contact, in and of itself, typically is not associated with children’s well-being. Some scholars, practitioners, and policymakers have framed the nonsignificant associations between contact and child well-being as an argument against joint physical custody. This paper examines why such reasoning is flawed, and why both quality...more|
|Document Title:||"You Still Got to See Where She's Coming From": Using Photovoice to Understand African American Female Adolescents' Perspectives on Sexual Risk (in Special Issue: Development of Sexual Risk in Minority Youth: Risk and Protective Factors in Early Adolescence).|
|Personal Author:||Sidibe, Turquoise.
|Abstract:||African Americans have the highest rate of new HIV infection in the United States. This photovoice study explored the perspectives and experiences of African American female youth and sought to understand how adolescent development impacts HIV risk. This study used the photovoice methodology with seven African American or Biracial female youth, in Grades 8 through 12, residing in North Carolina. Study findings indicate that African American female adolescents struggle to navigate adolescence, specifically in coping with race- and gender-related stressors. The photovoice study demonstrated that African American early adolescent females face unique challenges that influence sexual health and HIV risk. There...more|
|Document Title:||Developmental Assets and Risky Sexual Behaviors Among American Indian Youth (in Special Issue: Development of Sexual Risk in Minority Youth: Risk and Protective Factors in Early Adolescence).|
|Personal Author:||Greene, Kaylin M.
McNulty Eitle, Tamela.
|Abstract:||This study examined the relationship between developmental assets during early and mid-adolescence and early adult sexual behaviors among American Indians using a subsample from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (N = 465). Grounded in an assets framework, the authors explored the protective role of personal, family, school, and community assets as well as cumulative assets for sexual behaviors including early sexual debut, number of sexual partners, and frequency of condom use. The results indicated that certain assets during early and mid-adolescence, such as self-control, family support, and school attachment, were protective for various risky sexual behaviors in early adulthood....more|
|Document Title:||Positive Youth Development Interventions Impacting the Sexual Health of Young Minority Adolescents: A Systematic Review (in Special Issue: Development of Sexual Risk in Minority Youth: Risk and Protective Factors in Early Adolescence).|
|Personal Author:||Harris, LaNita W.
Cheney, Marshall K.
|Abstract:||A systematic literature review was conducted to assess the utility of Positive Youth Development (PYD) concepts in promoting positive sexual health behaviors in young minority adolescents (n = 12 studies). Interventions reported significant associations between PYD-focused interventions and ever having sex, sexual partners in the last 30 days, using protection at the last sexual encounter, and decreased pregnancy rates. Outcomes were reviewed by age, gender, PYD constructs, cultural tailoring of interventions, and retention rates. Few interventions focused exclusively on young minority adolescents. PYD can be an effective tool in promoting sexual health in younger minority adolescents, but additional research is needed...more|
|Document Title:||The ‘Good Mother’ Struggles: Obstacles To The Attainment Of Motherhood Ideals Among Adult Women Formerly Placed In Residential Care.|
|Personal Author:||Lanctôt, N.
|Abstract:||We analyzed narratives of motherhood produced by 13 women who were involved with the welfare system or the justice system during adolescence. The original contribution of our study was its focus on mothers who were turning age 30, so they were not in that period of generalized instability that characterizes the transition from care and into adulthood. This qualitative study was part of a larger study on French‐Canadian adolescents with a history of residential care. Semi‐directed interviews were conducted with 13 women, more than 15 years after their admission to residential care. Our data highlights that motherhood can contribute to the...more|
|Document Title:||The Effectiveness Of Outdoor Behavioral Healthcare With Struggling Adolescents: A Comparison Group Study A Contribution For The Special Issue: Social Innovation In Child And Youth Services.|
|Personal Author:||DeMille, Steven.
Tucker, Anita R.
Gass, Michael A.
|Abstract:||This study examined the longitudinal impact of Outdoor Behavioral Healthcare on youth participants as reported by their parents. This analysis fills a critical gap in past research by including a Treatment as Usual (TAU) comparison group. Findings showed that youth participants who attended an Outdoor Behavioral Healthcare treatment program were, as reported by their parents, were functioning significantly better than the TAU group one year following the program as measured by the Youth Outcome Questionnaire 2.01. Youth who remained in their communities were still at acute levels of psychosocial dysfunction during the same time span. Despite some differences between the means...more|
|Document Title:||Stressors And Coping Strategies Of Ethnic Minority Youth: Youth And Mental Health Practitioners' Perspectives.|
|Personal Author:||Kwan, Chi Kin.
Baig, Raees Begum.
Lo, Kai Chung.
|Abstract:||In this paper, we explore the mental health needs of ethnic minority youth in Hong Kong and examine the importance of mental health practitioners' cultural competence in an Asian context. Within a qualitative paradigm, five mental health practitioners who provide mental health services to ethnic minority youth were interviewed. A total of 38 young people (16 Pakistanis and 22 Filipinos) from ethnic minority backgrounds were also placed into six small groups. Each individual attended a meeting at which he or she discussed stressors and coping methods. The participants were individually interviewed immediately after the group meeting, to help us gain an...more|
|Document Title:||Exposure to Community Violence and the Trajectory of Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms in a Sample of Low-Income Urban Youth.|
|Personal Author:||Taylor, Jeremy J.
Grant, Kathryn E.
Zulauf, Courtney A.
Fowler, Patrick J.
Meyerson, David A.
|Abstract:||This study examined trajectories of psychopathology in a sample of low-income urban youth and tested exposure to community violence as a predictor of these trajectories. Self-report and parent-report survey measures of psychological problems and exposure to community violence were collected annually over 3 years from a sample of 364 fifth- to ninth-grade low-income urban youth (64% female; 95% youth of color). Linear growth models showed that youth experienced declines in both internalizing and externalizing symptoms across adolescence. Exposure to community violence was more strongly associated with externalizing symptoms than with internalizing symptoms but predicted declines in both types of symptoms. Results...more|
|Document Title:||A Multicomponent Early Intervention Program and Trajectories of Behavior, Cognition, and Health.|
|Personal Author:||Côté, Sylvana M.
Tremblay, Richard E.
|Abstract:||OBJECTIVES: To investigate the developmental impact of a prenatal–to–age-5 multicomponent early intervention program targeting families living in low socioeconomic conditions. METHODS: Pregnant women from a disadvantaged Irish community were randomly assigned into a treatment group (home visits, baby massage, and parenting program; n = 115) or control group (n = 118). Children’s behavioral problems (externalizing, internalizing), cognitive skills (general, vocabulary), and health service use (number of health clinic visits), were regularly assessed (6 months to 4 years of age). Children’s developmental trajectories were modeled by using latent class growth analyses to test whether certain subgroups benefited more than others. RESULTS: High...more|
|Document Title:||Adolescent Female Aggression: Functions and Etiology.|
|Personal Author:||Morel, Katie Michal.
Haden, Sara C.
Meehan, Kevin B.
|Abstract:||Despite the narrowing gap between male and female use of aggressive behavior, much of the extant aggression research has centered on males. Various internal, or psychological factors, including attachment, emotion regulation, and impulsivity, are typically examined independently from external, or social, factors, such as the quality of the family environment and exposure to community violence. Additionally, the studies rarely distinguish among forms and functions of aggression. The current study was the first to simultaneously examine these factors and their relationships to the distinct functions of aggression in a low-income urban community sample of adolescent females. Participants (N = 214) were recruited...more|
|Document Title:||Unravelling The Effect Of Cell Phone Reliance On Adolescent Self-Control.|
|Personal Author:||Kim, Joonggon.
Siennick, Sonja E.
|Abstract:||This study examines whether cell phones are a plausible source of adolescent behavioral problems by testing whether cell phone reliance is associated with adolescent self-control. We estimate two-level random effects regression models using three waves of the Korean Children Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) data. The results revealed that cell phone reliance might have a contemporaneous negative effect on the level of adolescent self-control, but it has no long-term association with self-control. Concerns about the long-term effects of excessive cell phone use on adolescent self-control may be overstated, and any effect of cell phone reliance may be transient. (Author abstract)|
|Document Title:||New Skills to Reduce Sexual Risk Behaviors Among Young Adolescents.|
|Personal Author:||Jaccard, James.
Ford, Carol A.
|Abstract:||A study explored the effectiveness of an after-school intervention used to address emotional regulation skills within the context of decision-making about sexual behaviors. Results indicate participants in the emotional regulation group delayed the transition to vaginal sex over the 30-month follow-up interval. In analyses that were focused on sexually active youth, the emotional regulation intervention revealed favorable impacts on the frequency of sexual activity after sexual debut and substance use before sex. 10 references.|
|Document Title:||Depressive Symptomatology and Program Efficacy: Examining a Program to Improve Communication in Community Families.|
|Personal Author:||Bergman, Kathleen N.
Downey, Abigail L.
Cummings, Jennifer S.
Gedek, Haley M.
Cummings, E. Mark.
|Abstract:||Destructive conflict is linked with adjustment problems over time, putting families at risk even when conflict behaviors have not reached levels of clinical concern. The Family Communication Project (FCP) is a psychoeducational program designed to improve communication in families with adolescent children. The present study examines the role of depression in program efficacy over time. Data were collected across four time points, assessing aspects of marital and family conflict, adolescent emotional security, and depressive symptoms in mothers, fathers, and adolescents. Results indicated improvements in conflict strategies for families who received the psychoeducational program (relative to controls), and point to a role...more|
|Document Title:||Early Childhood Behavioral Health: Can the Medical Neighborhood Move Us Forward?|
|Personal Author:||Duby, John C.|
|Abstract:||In this issue of Pediatrics, Brown et al2 report their findings in “Preventive Behavioral Health Programs in Primary Care: A Systematic Review.” They focus on studies of preventive behavioral health for children 0 to 5 years old. The authors use the guidelines from the Society for Prevention Research3 to examine the efficacy, effectiveness, and readiness for scale-up of preventive interventions considered applicable in pediatric primary care, with the aim of assessing the rigor of studies and delineating further research needs. In the review they identify gaps that limit understanding of whether and where programs are ready for real-world implementation and argue...more|
|Document Title:||Sexual Risk Outcomes of an Emotion Regulation Intervention for At-Risk Early Adolescents.|
|Personal Author:||Houck, Christopher D.
Barker, David H.
Brown, Larry K.
|Abstract:||OBJECTIVE: With this study, we examined the efficacy of a health intervention program that was focused on emotion regulation (ER) skills in reducing sexual risk behaviors among early adolescents with suspected mental health symptoms. METHODS: Seventh grade adolescents with suspected mental health symptoms participated in a 6-week, after-school sexual risk prevention trial in which a counterbalanced, within-school design comparing an ER focused program to a time- and attention-matched comparison group was used. Adolescents completed a computer-based survey regarding their sexual behavior at 6-month intervals for 2.5 years. RESULTS: Adolescents who received ER skills training exhibited a delay in the transition to...more|
|Document Title:||Maltreatment, Coping, and Substance Use in Youth in Foster Care: Examination of Moderation Models.|
|Personal Author:||Gabrielli, Joy.
|Abstract:||Child maltreatment is associated with negative outcomes such as substance use (SU). This study tested relations among maltreatment history, coping behavior, and SU behavior in youth residing in foster care. Participants were 210 youth (Mage = 12.71 years; SD = 2.95) in foster care who completed self-report measures through an audio computer-assisted self-interview program. Using a structural equation modeling framework and latent measurement constructs, positive associations were identified between maltreatment at baseline and coping behavior outcomes as well as SU behavior outcome approximately 4.5 months later. Specifically, greater severity and chronicity of maltreatment was associated with greater SU behavior as well...more|
|Document Title:||Parental Gatekeeping Forensic Model And Child Custody Evaluation: Social Capital And Application To Relocation Disputes (Special Issue: Shared Parenting After Separation And Divorce).|
|Personal Author:||Austin, William G.
|Abstract:||The parental gatekeeping, forensic evaluation model for child custody evaluators and other family court practitioners is presented. Gatekeeping refers to the ability of each parent to support the other parent–child relationships. The gatekeeping concept represents a common best interest statutory factor. Patterns or subtypes of gatekeeping are defined: facilitative, restrictive, and protective. A justification analysis is required when a parent is not supportive and/or restrictive on the other parent’s access to the child. The restrictive parent needs to identify the reasons for being restrictive/protective and show the nature of the harm. Relevant research is reviewed on joint parental involvement and gatekeeping....more|
|Document Title:||Predictors of Child Maltreatment Potential in a National Sample of Mothers of Young Children.|
|Personal Author:||Lowell, Amanda
|Abstract:||Although previous studies have furthered our broad ability to predict child maltreatment potential, young children remain at the highest risk for experiencing maltreatment. Thus, several variables of relevance for this population were examined. A national community sample of 158 mothers with young children between ages 1.5 and 5 years rated their young children’s temperament as well as their own temperament, emotion regulation, stress, coping, and child maltreatment potential. Young children’s mood quality as well as mothers’ mood quality, flexibility/rigidity, emotion dysregulation, parenting stress, cumulated severity of stress, and emotion-focused coping added unique incremental variance to the prediction of child maltreatment potential,...more|
|Document Title:||Longitudinal Linkages Between Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Violent Behaviors Among Chinese Adolescents Following the Wenchuan Earthquake.|
|Personal Author:||Zhou, Xiao
|Abstract:||This study was conducted to examine the longitudinal relations between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and violent behaviors. In this study, 415 adolescent survivors of the Wenchuan earthquake in China (May 12, 2008) were assessed by using self-report questionnaires 1 year (T1), 1.5 years (T2), and 2 years (T3) after the earthquake. The findings suggested that from 1 to 1.5 years after the earthquake, only intrusive symptoms of PTSD were a risk factor for violent behaviors, whereas violent behaviors were a risk factor for all 3 PTSD symptom clusters. Furthermore, 1.5 to 2 years after the earthquake, avoidance symptoms of PTSD...more|
|Document Title:||When Social Support Is Not Enough: Trauma And PTSD Symptoms In A Risk-Sample Of Adolescents.|
|Personal Author:||Pinto, Ricardo J.
|Abstract:||Social support can mitigate the severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children and adults following traumatic events. However, little is known about the role of social support in high-risk samples of adolescents from the community. The present study examined the relationship between social support and PTSD symptoms in adolescents exposed to traumatic events and childhood adversity, after adjusting for the effects of potential covariates, including sociodemographic factors, previous childhood adversity, level of exposure, comorbid anxiety, depression symptoms, and substance abuse, and coping strategies.MethodThe participants of the study were 183 adolescents, mean age of 16 years old (M = 15.71, SD...more|
|Document Title:||Attachment in Childcare Centers: Is it Related to Toddlers’ Emotion Regulation and Attentive Behavior?|
|Personal Author:||Pallini, Susanna.
Bellucci, Maria Teresa.
|Author Affiliation:||University of Rome Tre, Rome, Italy.|
|Abstract:||The aim of this study was to develop a multiple-level-of-analysis model on toddlers’ attachment security toward childcare caregivers and toddlers’ attentive behavior and emotion regulation, to determine how attachment, emotion regulation and attention were related. One hundred-forty eight toddlers and their childcare caregivers were examined. Children’s ages ranged from 24 to 36 months (M=33.82; SD=5.33). Toddlers’ attentive behaviors in childcare centers were rated by observers using the Toddler Attention Questionnaire. Toddlers’ Attachment behavior and emotion regulation were rated by childcare caregivers using the Attachment Q-Sort and the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire. Results of structural equation modeling indicated a good overall fit for...more|
|Document Title:||Family Poverty and Neighborhood Poverty: Links with Children's School Readiness Before and After the Great Recession.|
|Personal Author:||Wolf, Sharon.
Magnuson, Katherine A.
Kimbro, Rachel T.
|Abstract:||This paper examines how neighborhood and family poverty predict children's academic skills and classroom behavior at school entry, and whether associations have changed over a period of twelve years spanning the Great Recession. Utilizing the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study–Kindergarten 1998 and 2010 cohorts and combined with data from the U.S. Census and American Community Survey, we find that the proportion of kindergarten children living in moderate and high poverty neighborhoods increased from 1998 to 2010, and that these increases were most pronounced for non-poor and white children. Using OLS and fixed effects regression analyses and holding family poverty constant, we find...more|
|Document Title:||Perceived Parenting, Self-Esteem, and Depressive Symptoms in Immigrant and Non-Immigrant Adolescents in Italy: A Multigroup Path Analysis.|
|Personal Author:||Miconi, Diana.
|Author Affiliation:||University of Padova, Padova,Italy.|
|Abstract:||Previous research has shown that a warm and caring parental style is associated with better psychological adjustment in adolescents from diverse cultural contexts. Yet, the differential role of mothers and fathers in adolescents’ depressive symptoms is still understudied, especially among immigrant populations. This study examined the relationship between perceived care from both mother and father and depressive symptoms among adolescents with and without a migration background, postulating mediation by self-esteem. Participants were 686 first-generation immigrant (44% girls) and 1295 non-immigrant (46% girls) Italian adolescents aged 14–20 years, who completed a questionnaire survey. Multigroup path analyses controlling for age, gender, and SES...more|
|Document Title:||What is Complex Trauma? A Resource Guide for Youth and Those Who Care About Them.|
|Personal Author:||Spinazzola, J.
|Abstract:||Intended for youth who have experienced or know someone who has experienced complex trauma, this resource guide provides information on what complex trauma is, posttraumatic stress disorder, and how complex trauma can impact children and adolescents. A chart explains the links between beliefs about self, feelings, and body messages, and following sections discuss the ways youth cope and complex trauma therapies. Strategies youth can use to make things better are recommended in the areas of increasing safety, managing feelings, building healthy relationships, increasing strengths and positive feelings, making sense of the past, figuring out who you are now, and taking a...more|
|Document Title:||Mother-Child Interactions and Preschoolers’ Emotion Regulation Outcomes: Nurturing Autonomous Emotion Regulation.|
|Personal Author:||Lincoln, Courtney R.
Russell, Beth S.
Donohue, Erin B.
Racine, Lauren E.
|Author Affiliation:||University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut.|
|Abstract:||Emotion regulation is a complex process that begins in infancy and continues through childhood with parents’ support. Early parent-child interactions shape the way children learn emotion management. We took a sociocultural and social learning approach to exploring the specific components of mother-child interactions that are related to mothers’ perceptions of her child’s regulatory ability and the child’s observed emotion regulation. Thirty mothers and their preschool children were recruited from two New England urban areas: one community sample and one head start sample. Dyads engaged in a free play session, children completed an observed compliance task, and mothers completed a set of...more|
|Document Title:||Comparison of Psychopathological Symptoms in Adolescents Who Experienced Sexual Violence as a Victim and/or as a Perpetrator.|
|Personal Author:||Ohlert, Jeannine
|Abstract:||Research on sexual violence victims and perpetrators indicates that victims in general are found to report higher levels of psychopathological symptoms, especially internalizing behavior, whereas perpetrators often show externalizing behavior. Little is known, however, about the psychopathology of perpetrators of sexual violence who have also experienced sexual victimization (victim-perpetrators). Thus, the aim of the current study was to examine this group within a sample of adolescents living in residential care or federal boarding schools. Participants reported their lifetime experience with sexual violence (both as victim and perpetrator) and completed the Youth Self Report. Results indicate that all three groups of adolescents...more|
|Document Title:||The Dysfunction of Emotional Expression as a Related Factor for Alcohol Misuse in Young Adolescents.|
|Personal Author:||Gatta, Michela.
Battistella, Pier Antonio.
|Abstract:||Amidst the research on the psycho-behavioral factors correlating with alcohol abuse, numerous studies have identified psychopathological disorders and alexithymic traits in adult alcohol abusers, but this relationship has yet to be studied in adolescents. To a sample of 1,466 students (mean age of 13.5 years) were administered three questionnaires to assess their alcohol consumption, any alexithymic traits, and any psycho-behavioral problems. There was an association between alcohol consumption and psycho-behavioral problems in the sample as a whole, but a statistically significant relationship between alcohol consumption and alexithymia only in the subsample of students attending middle school (sixth to eighth graders). Among...more|
|Document Title:||Motivators and Influences on American Indian Adolescent Alcohol Use and Binge Behavior: A Qualitative Exploration.|
|Personal Author:||Tingey, Lauren.
|Abstract:||We explore the four-class drinking motives model within the context of peer and family influence on American Indian (AI) adolescent alcohol use, specifically binge behavior. A qualitative cross-sectional case-control study design was utilized; in-depth interviews were collected with 38 AI adolescents from one tribal community. Results suggest a three-class model more accurately captures drinking motives among cases and that family influence is as important as peer. Cases weren't connected to school whereas controls were strongly attached, and engaged in extracurricular programs. Adolescents illuminated culturally relevant prevention strategies that are family based, teach coping skills, and promote school bonding and structured community-based...more|
|Document Title:||Binge Drinking Despite Consequences: The Role of Psychological Dysregulation.|
|Personal Author:||Harris, Jennifer S.
Stewart, David G.
Krzyzaniak, Sheherezade L.
Charuhas, Julia P.
Moon, Kelsey C.
Holdren, Amber L.
|Abstract:||The relationship between binge drinking and alcohol-related consequences has been validated through research in several ways, yet adolescents continue to use alcohol in high quantities despite negative outcomes. Psychological dysregulation has been understood as a predisposing factor for adolescent use, but this research sought to investigate the role of affective, behavioral, and cognitive dysregulation as perpetuating factors. The current study examined psychological dysregulation as a mediator in the relationship between binge drinking and related consequences. One hundred twenty-three participants were referred by school administrators. Participants were given questionnaires to measure quantity of alcohol use, alcohol-related consequences, and psychological dysregulation. Conditional process...more|
|Document Title:||Field Trial of a Complicated Grief Psychosocial Program for Adolescents in Occupied Palestine.|
|Personal Author:||Barron, Ian
|Abstract:||The current study evaluated the new “Children and Grief” program for Palestinian adolescents (n = 158), aged 10–18, referred to counselors for complicated grief. A mixed methods quasi-experimental design involved non-randomized intervention group (n = 79), waitlist (n = 79), and measures of program fidelity and cost. Traumatic loss was identified from case files. Standardized measures assessed complicated grief, posttraumatic stress, and depression at pre and post-test. Interviews of 9 adolescents and 9 presenters explored subjective experience of program delivery. Analysis involved multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and quasi-qualitative analysis of interviews. A large effect size was found for reduced complicated...more|
|Document Title:||Child-Oriented or Parent-Oriented Focused Intervention: Which is the Better Way to Decrease Children’s Externalizing Behaviors?.|
|Personal Author:||Roskam, Isabelle.
|Author Affiliation:||Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium.|
|Abstract:||Research has tried to identify risk factors that increase the likelihood of difficulties with externalizing behavior. The relations between individual or environmental factors and externalizing behavior have been especially documented. Child-oriented and parent-oriented interventions have been designed in order to decrease externalizing behavior in preschoolers. To date, however, research has largely been compartmentalized. It is therefore not known whether child-oriented or parent-oriented intervention is more effective in reducing externalizing behavior. The aim of the current study was to answer this question by comparing two 8-week child with two 8-week parent-oriented group programs sharing a common experimental design. This was done in...more|
|Document Title:||Parenting and Adolescent Adjustment in Mexico: Initial Evidence of Validity for the Mexican Parenting Questionnaire for Adolescents (MPQ-A).|
|Personal Author:||Halgunseth, Linda C.
|Author Affiliation:||University of Connecticut, Waterbury, Connecticut.|
|Abstract:||The present study examined the validity of a self-report parenting instrument for use with Mexican adolescents. The 13-item measure was adapted from the Mexican Parenting Questionnaire. The sample included 1123 adolescents (M age?=?15.07, SD?=?1.52) from Puebla, Mexico. Adolescents self-reported on six subscales of parenting (i.e., affection, verbal guidance, monitoring, communication, physical punishment and verbal punishment), as well as on measures of school grades, life satisfaction, familism, depressive and anxiety symptoms. Using confirmatory factor analyses, the original constructs were found to be a good fit with the data. Most subscales consisted of moderate levels of internal consistency and predicted several measures of...more|
|Document Title:||Fathers' Involvement: Correlates and Consequences for Child Socioemotional Behavior in the United Kingdom (Special Collection on Fathers and Fathering).|
|Personal Author:||McMunn, Anne.
|Abstract:||This study investigated longitudinal relationships between fathers’ involvement, as measured by reading, and child socioemotional behavior between infancy and age 7 in 9,238 intact two-parent families from the U.K. Millennium Cohort Study, a national cohort of British children born between 2000 and 2002. Once a variety of covariates and the potential bidirectional nature of relationships were taken into account, a path model showed that fathers’ involvement with their children in infancy significantly predicted better socioemotional behavior at age 3, although the relationship was not strong. Fathers’ reading with their children between ages 3 and 7 was not significantly associated with child...more|
|Document Title:||Foundations For Screening Adverse Childhood Experiences: Exploring Patterns Of Exposure Through Infancy And Toddlerhood.|
|Personal Author:||McKelvey, Lorraine M.
Selig, James P.
|Abstract:||Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have lifetime consequences for health and development. Identification of ACEs early in childhood provides the potential to intervene before health and development are impaired. This study examined the timing and duration of exposure to ACEs experienced by children from low-income families from ages one to three years to identify whether there were patterns of exposure when infants and toddlers were most vulnerable. We were able to confirm the early negative consequences on cognitive, health, and behavior outcomes previously reported in young children using a national, longitudinal data set of parents and children from low-income households (N =...more|
|Document Title:||Teacher-Child Interactions and Children's Cognitive and Social Skills in Chinese Preschool Classrooms.|
|Personal Author:||Hu, Bi Ying.
|Abstract:||Quality early childhood education (ECE) is central to children's development and, thus, has become a focus of the current Chinese education agenda. Using a sample of 589 Chinese children in 59 preschool classrooms, this study examined how a key aspect of ECE quality, teacher-child interactions, was related to children's skills. Findings indicated that teacher-child interactions were related to children's cognitive skills, but not to social skills. These results contribute to the growing international research literature on the critical role teacher-child interactions play with children's learning and development. Implications for policy and professional development are discussed. (Author abstract)|
|Document Title:||Organized Religious Involvement and Mental Health Among Caribbean Black Adolescents.|
|Personal Author:||Rose, Theda.
|Author Affiliation:||University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland.|
|Abstract:||Though religion has been related to better mental health, the aspects of organized religious life most salient for the mental health of Caribbean Black adolescents in the US, beyond religious service attendance, has been understudied. This research utilized a sub-sample of Caribbean Black adolescents from the NSAL-A, a nationally representative U.S. dataset, to examine (1) the prevalence of organized religious involvement (e.g., participation in religious service activities, choice to attend religious services) and (2) the relationship between organized religious involvement and mental health. Results showed that 62 % of Caribbean Black adolescents attend religious services regularly (at least a few times...more|
|Document Title:||Mothers’ Attributions About Child Misbehavior: Can Situational Suggestions Change General Perceptions?|
|Personal Author:||Butcher, Jennifer L.
Niec, Larissa N.
|Abstract:||Mothers’ attributions about children’s misbehavior were experimentally manipulated to examine causal relationships among attributions, mood, and behavior and assess whether suggestion can change mothers’ general perceptions. Forty mothers of children aged 33 to 71 months were primed with dysfunctional child-referent (child responsible) or environment-referent (situation caused) attributions before a parent-child interaction. Mothers in the dysfunctional child-referent condition placed greater responsibility on children, reported less positive mood and endorsed more overly reactive discipline, and their children displayed more negative mood and misbehavior. The experimental manipulation also affected mothers’ general child attributions. Understanding how attributions form and change has implications for parenting interventions....more|
|Document Title:||Treating Trauma and Traumatic Grief in Children and Adolescents (2nd Ed.) by J. A. Cohen, A. P. Mannarino, & E. Deblinger.|
|Personal Author:||Cohen, J. A.
Mannarino, A. P.
|Abstract:||This review of “Treating Trauma and Traumatic Grief in Children and Adolescents” (Cohen et al) summarizes chapters in the book that provide an overview trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy (TF-CBT), describe 11 key components of TF-CBT, provide troubleshooting guidelines for many of the high probability challenges that often occur during treatment, and address strategies for helping children cope with grief.|
|Document Title:||The Moderating Role of Anxiety in the Associations of Callous-Unemotional Traits with Self-Report and Laboratory Measures of Affective and Cognitive Empathy.|
|Personal Author:||Kahn, Rachel E.
Frick, Paul J.
Golmaryami, Farrah N.
Marsee, Monica A.
|Author Affiliation:||Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.|
|Abstract:||In a sample of detained male adolescents (n = 107; Mean age = 15.50; SD = 1.30), we tested whether anxiety moderated the association of CU traits with self-report and computerized measures of affective (emotional reactivity) and cognitive (affective facial recognition and Theory of Mind [ToM]) empathy. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that CU traits were negatively associated with self-reports of affective empathy and this association was not moderated by level of anxiety. Significant interactions revealed that CU traits were negatively associated with cognitive empathy (self-report) only at high levels of anxiety, whereas CU traits were positively associated with cognitive empathy on...more|
|Document Title:||Interactions between Callous Unemotional Behaviors and Executive Function in Early Childhood Predict later Aggression and Lower Peer-liking in Late-childhood.|
|Personal Author:||Waller, Rebecca.
Hyde, Luke W.
Baskin-Sommers, Arielle R.
Olson, Sheryl L.
|Author Affiliation:||University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.|
|Abstract:||A study examined whether the interaction of callous unemotional (CU) behaviors and executive function in early childhood predicted different forms of aggression in late-childhood, including proactive, reactive, and relational aggression, as well as how much children were liked by their peers. Data from cross-informant reports and multiple observational tasks were collected from a high-risk sample (N = 240; female = 118) at ages 3 and 10 years old. Parent reports of CU behaviors at age 3 predicted teacher reports of reactive, proactive, and relational aggression, as well as lower peer-liking at age 10. (Author abstract modified)|
|Document Title:||Mediators and Moderators of the Relation between Parental ADHD Symptomatology and the Early Development of Child ADHD and ODD Symptoms.|
|Personal Author:||Breaux, Rosanna P.
Brown, Hallie R.
Harvey, Elizabeth A.
|Author Affiliation:||University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, Massachusetts.|
|Abstract:||The present study examined mediators and moderators of the relation between parental ADHD symptomatology and the development of child attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms across the preschool years. Participants included 258 (138 boys) 3-year-old children (M = 44.13 months, SD = 3.39) with and without behavior problems and their parents who took part in a 3-year longitudinal study. Maternal ADHD symptoms predicted later ADHD symptoms in children, controlling for early child symptomatology. Both family history of ADHD and paternal comorbid psychopathology predicted later child ADHD and ODD symptoms, but they did not account for the association between...more|
|Document Title:||Assessment of Maternal-Infant Interaction: Application of the Still Face Paradigm in a Rural Population of Working Women in Ecuador.|
|Personal Author:||Handal, Alexis J.
Garcia Saavedra, Luigi.
Aragón, Crystal L.
Lowe, Jean R.
|Author Affiliation:||University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico.|
|Abstract:||Objectives The importance of mother-child interaction in early infancy on child development has been well documented. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of using the Still Face Paradigm to measure mother interactive style, infant affect and emotional regulation in a rural Ecuador setting. Methods Infant’s emotional regulation and the quality of mother’s interaction were measured with the Still Face Paradigm at 4 months of age (±15 days). Twenty-four infants and their mothers were assessed in their home. Mother interactive style was coded for attention seeking and contingent responding. Emotional regulation was described by change in infant affect...more|
|Document Title:||Involvement in the Juvenile Justice System for African American Adolescents: Examining Associations with Behavioral Health Problems.|
|Personal Author:||Voisin, Dexter R.
|Abstract:||While researchers have found that African American youth experience higher levels of juvenile justice involvement at every system level (arrest, sentencing, and incarceration) relative to their other ethnic counterparts, few studies have explored how juvenile justice involvement and number of contacts might be correlated with this broad range of problems. A convenience sample of 638 African American adolescents living in predominantly low-income, urban communities participated in a survey related to juvenile justice involvement. Major findings using logistic regression models indicated that adolescents who reported juvenile justice system involvement versus no involvement were 2.3 times as likely to report mental health problems,...more|
|Document Title:||Evaluation of Parent and Child Enhancement (PACE) Program: Randomized Controlled Trial.|
|Personal Author:||Leung, Cynthia.
|Abstract:||Objective:This study examined the efficacy of the Parent and Child Enhancement (PACE) program on child learning, child behavior problems, and parental stress, using randomized controlled trial design, in social services centers.Methods:Eligibility criteria were (1) children aged 2 years at program commencement, (2) low-income, new immigrant, or single-parent families, and (3) parent–child dyads being Hong Kong residents. Intervention group dyads were offered the PACE program (40 two-hour sessions on child learning and parenting). Primary outcomes included child preschool concepts, child behavior problems, and parental stress. Participants were randomly assigned to intervention (76 dyads) and control group (73 dyads) using a random number...more|
|Document Title:||Child Maltreatment and Risky Sexual Behavior: Indirect Effects Through Trauma Symptoms and Substance Use.|
|Personal Author:||Richard Thompson
Elizabeth C. Neilson
Diana J. English
Alan J. Litrownik
|Abstract:||Risky sexual behavior is a serious public health problem. Child sexual abuse is an established risk factor, but other forms of maltreatment appear to elevate risky behavior. The mechanisms by which child maltreatment influence risk are not well understood. This study used data from 859 high-risk youth, followed through age 18. Official reports of each form of maltreatment were coded. At age 16, potential mediators (trauma symptoms and substance use) were assessed. At age 18, risky sexual behavior (more than four partners, unprotected sex, unassertiveness in sexual refusal) was assessed. Neglect significantly predicted unprotected sex. Substance use predicted unprotected sex and...more|
|Document Title:||The Impact of Relational and Developmental Trauma on Emotional and Behavioral Dysregulation (Chapter 2 in Working with Relational and Developmental Trauma in Children and Adolescents).|
|Personal Author:||Treisman, Karen.|
|Abstract:||This chapter discusses the foundations of emotional development and the significance of emotional regulation within the context of relational and developmental trauma. Practical ideas and direct-working strategies for feelings-work are identified. The chapter then explores behavioral dysregulation and recommends behavior-focused questions. Case examples and reflective exercises are included. 1 figure, 1 table, and 11 references.|
|Document Title:||Approaches to the Development of Character: Proceedings of a Workshop.|
|Personal Author:||Beatty, Alexandra.|
|Abstract:||With the support of the S.D. Bechtel, Jr. Foundation, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop in July 2016 to review research and practice relevant to the development of character, with a particular focus on ideas that can support the adults who develop and run out-of-school programs. The Committee on Defining and Measuring Character and Character Education was appointed to plan the workshop. The committee commissioned eight papers and planned sessions that allowed participants ample time to engage with the authors and one another, and to consider ways the material presented could apply in their own work....more|
|Document Title:||Psychosocial Adaptation of Young Victims of Physical Neglect.|
|Personal Author:||Moreno-Manso, Juan M.
Pozueco-Romero, Jose M.
|Abstract:||This research analyses the level of psychosocial adaptation of young victims of physical neglect who are under care orders for their protection and in residential care centres. The aim was to determine the relationships between the different levels of competence and/or functioning in the various areas of adaptation. Young people between the ages of 12 and 14?years participated in the study. The instruments used to evaluate their psychosocial adaptation were the Inventory of Behavioural Adaptation and the Multifactorial Self-evaluation Child Adaptation Test. The results indicate that young people suffering from physical neglect have difficulties in various areas of psychosocial adaptation. There...more|
|Document Title:||Psychological Maltreatment, Coping Strategies, and Mental Health Problems: A Brief and Effective Measure of Psychological Maltreatment in Adolescents.|
|Personal Author:||Arslan, Gökmen.|
|Abstract:||Psychological maltreatment is an important social and public health problem and associated with a wide range of short and long-term outcomes in childhood to adulthood. Given the importance of investigating mitigating factors on its effect, the purpose of the present study is to investigate the mediating effect of active and avoidant coping strategies on the association between psychological maltreatment and mental health– internalizing and externalizing– problems in adolescents. Participants of the study consisted of 783 adolescents, ranging in age from 14 to 18 years (M = 15.57, SD = 0.88), with 52.9% female and 47.1% male. Several structural equation models were...more|
|Document Title:||The Impact of After-School Childcare Arrangements on the Developmental Outcomes of Low-Income Children.|
|Personal Author:||Park, Hyejoon.
|Abstract:||Even though after-school programs (hereafter ASPs) and other types of childcare arrangements have long been implemented, childcare for school-aged children remains a patchwork made up of ASPs, relative care, parental care, and self-care, also with many families opting to use some combination of these types of care. Few studies, however, have examined the impact of various childcare arrangements for school-aged children aside from those focused substantially on ASPs.This study aims to examine how five different after-school childcare arrangements, ASPs, relative care, parental care, self-care, and combinations of care, are related to the academic and behavioral outcomes among low-income, school-aged children.The present...more|
|Document Title:||Cultural Differences in the Reciprocal Relations between Emotion Suppression Coping, Depressive Symptoms and Interpersonal Functioning among Adolescents.|
|Personal Author:||Tsai, William.
Nguyen, D. Julie
Lau, Anna S.
|Author Affiliation:||California State University, San Marcos, San Marcos, California.|
|Abstract:||The current study examined the prospective relations between emotion suppression and maladjustment (i.e., depressive symptoms, family stress events, peer stress events, and family and peer support) among Vietnamese American (n = 372) and European American adolescents (n = 304). We found that at baseline Vietnamese Americans adolescents reported greater use of emotion suppression coping than European American adolescents. Multi-group structural equation modeling indicated that for European American teens emotion suppression was significantly related to increased depression symptoms and decreased quality of peer relationships. In contrast, for the Vietnamese Americans teens emotion suppression relations to later maladjustment was either nonsignificant or attenuated...more|
|Document Title:||DSM-5 Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Structure in Disaster-Exposed Adolescents: Stability across Gender and Relation to Behavioral Problems.|
|Personal Author:||Cao, Xing.
Elhai, Jon D.
|Author Affiliation:||Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.|
|Abstract:||Given the significant modifications to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom criteria from DSM-IV to DSM-5, a better understanding of the dimensionality underlying DSM-5 PTSD symptoms among adolescents is needed. However, to date, whether gender moderates the latent structure of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms in youth remains unclear. Meanwhile, little is known about how distinct PTSD dimensions relate to adolescent behavioral problems. The aim of this study was to fill these gaps. A sample of 1184 disaster-exposed Chinese adolescents (53.8 % girls) with age ranging from 13 to 17 years (M = 14.3, SD = 0.8) completed the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5, and...more|
|Document Title:||Family Transitions in Cohabiting Families: a Longitudinal Investigation of the Role of Parent Depressive Symptoms in Youth Problem Behaviors.|
|Personal Author:||Parent, Justin.
Peisch, Virginia D.
|Author Affiliation:||University of Vermont, Burlington, Vermont.|
|Abstract:||Cohabiting family structures are becoming increasingly prevalent in the United States but are less stable than married family unions. In this longitudinal study we examine the change in psychosocial adjustment of adolescents when a non-biologically related male cohabiting partner (MCP) transitions out of the family home. Of particular interest, the role of maternal and MCP depressive symptoms was examined as a moderator. At wave 1, the sample was comprised of 111 low-income urban Black families, consisting of an adolescent (42.3 % male; Mage = 13), a biological mother, and a non-biologically-related male cohabiting partner (MCP). Wave 2 and 3 assessments occurred...more|
|Document Title:||Relationships between Parental Maltreatment and Adolescents’ School Adjustment: Mediating Roles of Self-Esteem and Peer Attachment.|
|Personal Author:||Lim, Yangmi.
|Author Affiliation:||Jeonju University, Jeonju, South Korea.|
|Abstract:||Parental maltreatment of children has been steadily increasing in Korea despite national efforts to curb it. Children and adolescents who experience maltreatment develop psychological and social maladjustment. Therefore, mediating variables alleviating the negative effects of parental maltreatment on child development should be investigated to develop effective intervention programs. We identified the direct effects of parental abuse and neglect on adolescents’ school adjustment and the mediating effects of adolescents’ self-esteem and peer attachment on the relationships between parental abuse and neglect and their school adjustment. We used data from 2351 middle school students who participated in the Korean Children and Youth Panel...more|
|Document Title:||Self-Reported Time in Bed and Sleep Quality in Association with Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms in School-Age Youth.|
|Personal Author:||Rubens, Sonia L.
Evans, Spencer C.
Becker, Stephen P.
Fite, Paula J.
Tountas, Andrea M.
|Author Affiliation:||University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana.|
|Abstract:||This study investigated the relationship between self-reported time in bed and sleep quality in association with self-reported internalizing and externalizing symptoms in a sample of 285 elementary school students (52 % female) recruited from a rural Midwestern elementary school. Path models were used to estimate proposed associations, controlling for grade level and gender. Curvilinear associations were found between time in bed and anxiety, depressive symptoms, and irritability. Marginal curvilinear trends were found between time in bed and emotion dysregulation, reactive aggression, and proactive aggression. Sleep quality was negatively associated with anxiety, depressive symptoms, irritability, reactive aggression, and delinquency engagement. Gender and...more|
|Document Title:||Health Risk Behaviors With Synthetic Cannabinoids Versus Marijuana.|
|Personal Author:||Clayton, Heather B.
Grant, Althea M.
|Abstract:||BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Data are limited on the behavioral risk correlates of synthetic cannabinoid use. The purpose of this study was to compare the behavioral risk correlates of synthetic cannabinoid use with those among marijuana users.METHODS: Data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a cross-sectional survey conducted in a nationally representative sample of students in grades 9 through 12 (N = 15,624), were used to examine the association between self-reported type of marijuana use (ie, never use of marijuana and synthetic cannabinoids, ever use of marijuana only, and ever use of synthetic cannabinoids) and self-report of 36 risk behaviors across...more|
|Document Title:||Disparities in HIV/AIDS Risk Behaviors After Youth Leave Detention: A 14-Year Longitudinal Study.|
|Personal Author:||Abram, Karen M.
Stokes, Marquita L.
Welty, Leah J.
Aaby, David A.
Teplin, Linda A.
|Abstract:||OBJECTIVES: To examine changes in the prevalence of 15 HIV/AIDS sex and drug risk behaviors in delinquent youth during the 14 years after they leave detention, focusing on sex and racial/ethnic differences.METHODS: The Northwestern Juvenile Project, a prospective longitudinal study of 1829 youth randomly sampled from detention in Chicago, Illinois, recruited between 1995 and 1998 and reinterviewed up to 11 times. Independent interviewers assessed HIV/AIDS risk behaviors using the National Institutes on Drug Abuse Risk Behavior Assessment.RESULTS: Fourteen years after detention (median age, 30 years), one-quarter of males and one-tenth of females had >1 sexual partner in the past 3 months....more|
|Document Title:||Examining Predictors of Mexican American Adolescents' Coping Typologies: Maternal and Paternal Behaviors and Adolescent Gender.|
|Personal Author:||Cavanaugh, Alyson M.
Supple, Andrew J.
Livas Stein, Gabriela.
Helms, Heather M.
Plunkett, Scott W.
|Abstract:||This study used latent profile analysis to develop coping typologies of 340, 14- to16-year-old Mexican American adolescents (M = 14.46, SD = 0.69). Three typologies were identified: (a) opposition coping (adolescents who tended to use anger and venting emotions), (b) support-seeking coping (adolescents who relied on seeking support), and (c) escape and opposition coping (adolescents who relied on anger, venting, substance-use coping, behavioral avoidance, and peer support). Three key parental behaviors (support, knowledge, psychological control) of mothers and fathers and adolescent gender were examined as predictors of the coping typologies. Results indicated that parental support and knowledge, particularly from mothers, predicted...more|
|Document Title:||Associations Between Marital Conflict and Adolescent Conflict Appraisals, Stress Physiology, and Mental Health.|
|Personal Author:||Lucas-Thompson, Rachel G.
Lunkenheimer, Erika S.
|Abstract:||The goal of the current study was to examine conflict appraisals and diurnal cortisol production as mediators of the robust association between marital conflict and adolescent adjustment problems. Parents reported their marital conflict and were observed engaging in a marital conflict discussion; they also reported adolescent internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Adolescents (n = 105, 52% female, 10–17 years of age) appraised their parents’ marital conflict and reported their internalizing and externalizing behaviors. After the laboratory visit, adolescents provided four saliva samples on each of 2 consecutive days to assess diurnal cortisol production. More-negative marital conflict predicted more self-blame for parental conflict,...more|
|Document Title:||Early Feeding, Child Behaviour and Parenting as Correlates of Problem Eating.|
|Personal Author:||Adamson, Michelle.
|Author Affiliation:||University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia.|
|Abstract:||Mealtimes are a common source of stress for families. Examining factors related to problem eating may provide markers by which to identify families requiring assistance and salient targets for treatment. The current study investigated parenting practices and cognitions, generalisation of child behavioural issues, and early feeding history as they relate to problem eating in typically developing young children. We compared a community sample of 105 parents of 1.5–6-year-old children via survey and observation with 96 parents seeking treatment for their child’s problem eating. History of problems with breastfeeding, ?2(1)?=?3.88, p?=?.049, and the transition to solids, ?2(1)?=?7.27, p?=?.007, were more common among...more|
|Document Title:||Parenting Stress and Coping Strategies in Mothers of Children Receiving Early Intervention Services.|
|Personal Author:||Calero Plaza, Joana.
Grau Sevilla, Mª Dolores.
Martínez Rico, Gabriel.
Morales Murillo, Catalina Patricia.
|Author Affiliation:||Universidad Católica de Valencia San Vicente Mártir, Valencia, Spain.|
|Abstract:||The relationship between coping strategies of mothers of children receiving early intervention services and parenting stress was studied. A total of 144 mothers from 17 early intervention centers located in the Valencian Community, Spain, participated of the study. Mother’s mean age was 35.6 years (SD?=?4.10) and children’s mean age was 2.71 years (SD?=?1.21). Mothers’ parenting stress level was measured using the Parenting Stress Index-SF (PSI-SF) and their coping strategies were evaluated using the Adult Coping Response Inventory (CRI-A). We proposed two structural equation models to predict total parenting stress and its factors in relationship to child’s and mother’s sociodemografic variables, and...more|
|Document Title:||Catching Kids Before They Fall: A Principal's Perspective (Chapter 15 in Creating Inclusion and Well-being for Marginalized Students: Whole-School Approaches to Supporting Children’s Grief, Loss, and Trauma).|
|Personal Author:||Sporleder, Jim.|
|Abstract:||This chapter discusses the incidence of trauma-impacted students in the classroom and the need for a new approach to school discipline. Information is provided on brain development and how it impacts behavior, the impact of trauma on student functioning, and the benefits of keeping students in in-school-suspension rather than suspending them. The implementation of a trauma-informed model is described and research findings are shared that indicate its beneficial effects for students. A case study is presented and recommendations for educators are made. 2 figures and 15 references.|
|Document Title:||Position Statement on Challenging Behavior and Young Children: July 2017.|
|Corporate Author:||Division for Early Childhood of the Council for Exceptional Children.|
|Abstract:||This position statement from the Division for Early Childhood of the Council for Exceptional Children on challenging behavior and young children discusses the rationale for promoting social-emotional competencies in youth children, implementing family-focused practices, eliminating punitive responses to challenging behaviors, building capacity in systems and programs, implementing culturally sustaining and equitable practices, using collaborative practices, providing comprehensive screening and assessment, and using evidence-based practice in early childhood programs and services. Numerous references.|
|Document Title:||Childhood Sexual Abuse, Sexual Motives, and Adolescent Sexual Risk-Taking Among Males and Females Receiving Child Welfare Services.|
|Personal Author:||Wekerle, Christine.
Goldstein, Abby L.
|Abstract:||Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with multiple negative outcomes, including increased risky sexual behavior. To date, the majority of research on the relationship between CSA and risky sex in adolescence has been limited, with a lack of focus on males and youth receiving child welfare services. Participants in the current study were 297 youth (mean age = 15.98; SD = 1.01, 57.6% female) from the child welfare system who reported being sexually active at the time of the survey. CSA was associated with severity of other types of maltreatment for both genders, and exposure to intimate partner violence for females...more|
|Document Title:||Mental Health Needs and Therapeutic Service Utilization of Young Children in Foster Care in Germany.|
|Personal Author:||Vasileva, Mira.
|Abstract:||Although children in foster care often need therapeutic help, the ways to initiate therapeutic services for them is not regulated in Germany. The objective of this cross-sectional study is to identify factors associated with therapeutic service utilization in young children in foster care in Germany. Additionally, it explores predictors of foster parents' perceived need for therapeutic help for the child. Foster parents of 286 children aged 3–7 years completed questionnaires about children's mental health, child and placement characteristics. Logistic regression models tested the impact of these factors on therapeutic service utilization and foster parents' perceived need for child therapy separately for...more|
|Document Title:||Mental Health and School Functioning for Girls in the Child Welfare System: The Mediating Role of Future Orientation and School Engagement.|
|Series Title:||Original Paper|
|Personal Author:||Threlfall, Jennifer M.
Tlapek, Sarah Myers.
|Abstract:||This study investigated the association between mental health problems and academic and behavioral school functioning for adolescent girls in the child welfare system and determined whether school engagement and future orientation meditated the relationship. Participants were 231 girls aged between 12 and 19 who had been involved with the child welfare system. Results indicated that 39% of girls reported depressive symptoms in the clinical range and 54% reported posttraumatic symptoms in the clinical range. The most common school functioning problems reported were failing a class (41%) and physical fights with other students (35%). Participants reported a mean number of 1.7 school...more|
|Document Title:||Racial Differences in Risk-Taking Propensity on the Youth Version of the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART-Y).|
|Personal Author:||Collado, Anahi.
Risco, Cristina M.
Banducci, Anne N.
Chen, Kevin W.
Lejuez, Carl W.
|Abstract:||Research indicates that White adolescents tend to engage in greater levels of risk behavior relative to Black adolescents. To better understand these differences, the current study examined real-time changes in risk-taking propensity (RTP). The study utilized the Balloon Analogue Risk Task–Youth Version (BART-Y), a well-validated real-time, laboratory assessment of RTP. The sample included 224 adolescents (41% Black; Mage = 11 + 0.8 years old). Generalized Equations Modeling analyses indicated that Black adolescents showed greater RTP decreases over the course of the task relative to White adolescents. Findings suggested that both groups exhibited similar RTP at the beginning of the BART-Y, and...more|
|Document Title:||Attachment and Effortful Control: Relationships With Maladjustment in Early Adolescence.|
|Personal Author:||Heylen, Joke.
Vasey, Michael W.
De Raedt, Rudi.
|Abstract:||Based on former research, it can be assumed that attachment relationships provide a context in which children develop both the effortful control (EC) capacity and the repertoire of responses to regulate distress. Both are important to understand children’s (mal)adjustment. While the latter assumption has been supported in several studies, less is known about links between attachment and EC. We administered questionnaires to measure anxious and avoidant attachment or trust in maternal support in two samples of early adolescents. EC was reported by the child in Sample 1 (n = 244), and by mother in Sample 2 (n = 177). In both...more|
|Document Title:||Emotional Clarity as a Mechanism Linking Emotional Neglect and Depressive Symptoms During Early Adolescence.|
|Personal Author:||Jessar, Allison J.
Hamilton, Jessica L.
Abramson, Lyn Y.
Alloy, Lauren B.
|Abstract:||The present study examined whether emotional abuse and neglect differentially predicted decreases in emotional clarity, and whether emotional clarity, in turn, predicted increases in depressive symptoms. Participants included 204 early adolescents (52% African American; 54% female; M age = 12.85 years) who completed four assessments with measures of depressive symptoms, emotional clarity, and emotional abuse and neglect. Hierarchical linear regressions indicated that emotional neglect significantly predicted decreases in emotional clarity, whereas emotional abuse did not. Further, mediational analyses revealed that decreases in emotional clarity mediated the relationship between emotional neglect and increases in depressive symptoms. The current study suggests that emotional...more|
|Document Title:||Parenting and Adolescent Self-Regulation Mediate Between Family Socioeconomic Status and Adolescent Adjustment.|
|Personal Author:||Farley, Julee P.
|Abstract:||Using two waves of longitudinal data, we utilized the family stress model of economic hardship to test whether family socioeconomic status is related to adolescent adjustment (substance use and academic achievement) through parental knowledge and adolescent self-regulation (behavioral self-control and delay discounting). Participants included 220 adolescent (55% male, X¯¯¯¯age = 13 years at Wave 1, X¯¯¯¯age = 15 years at Wave 2) and primary caregiver dyads. Results of Structural Equation Modeling revealed significant three-path mediation effects such that low family socioeconomic status at Wave 1 is associated with low parental knowledge at Wave 1, which in turn was related to low...more|
|Document Title:||Youth Comprehensive Risk Assessment: A Clinically Tested Approach for Helping Professionals.|
|Personal Author:||Coll, Kenneth M.|
|Abstract:||This text presents the Youth Comprehensive Risk Assessment and Application (YCRA), a complete youth risk assessment and treatment program that is designed to assist professionals in implementing individualized and comprehensive assessments and teach youth and their families to develop a unique set of protective or buffering factors that promote thriving. Following an introduction, Part 1 describes the components that make up the YCRA, including asset building, psychosocial development, family engagement, and behavioral issues. Chapter discuss how to apply these concepts and their accompanying best practice interventions to youth in need. Part 2 describes the trajectory and maturation of the YCRA approach...more|
|Document Title:||Parental And Peer Attachment And Adolescents' Behaviors: The Mediating Role Of Psychological Suzhi In A Longitudinal Study.|
|Personal Author:||Pan, Yangu.
|Abstract:||We examined whether psychological suzhi mediated the associations between attachment (paternal, maternal, and peer) and young adolescents' behavior (internalizing, externalizing, and prosocial) in a longitudinal study. Psychological suzhi reflects the positive psychological traits that facilitate adolescents' positive adaptation to the school and social environment. Five hundred and ninety-five junior high school students (48% male; aged 11–15 years, M = 12.86 years, SD = 0.71) completed measures of attachment and psychological suzhi at Times 1 and 2 (a six-month interval), while students' parents completed measures of adolescents' behavior at Time 3 (another six months later). We observed significant longitudinal correlations between attachment,...more|
|Document Title:||Family Composition and Youth Health Risk Behaviors: the Role of Patental Relation and the School Context.|
|Personal Author:||Olsson, Gabriella.
|Author Affiliation:||Aging Research Center (ARC).|
|Abstract:||Children not residing with both parents have been shown to be more at risk of negative developmental outcomes than children residing in two-parent families. Few studies have explored how other central contexts may interact with family characteristics to hinder or facilitate youth adjustment. This study examines how aspects of family structure and family processes are associated with youth health risk behaviors and interact with the structural characteristics of schools. The analyses are based on data from the Stockholm School Survey and consist of 5 002 ninth-grade students distributed over 92 schools in the Stockholm area in 2010. School information has been...more|
|Document Title:||Adopting the Emotions Course in the Italian Context: A Pilot Study to Test Effects on Social-Emotional Competence in Preschool Children.|
|Personal Author:||Maggio, Rosanna Di.
Izard, Carroll E.
|Author Affiliation:||Department of Psychological and Educational Sciences.|
|Abstract:||The purpose of this study was to adopt the Emotions Course (EC) in the Italian context and to examine preliminarily its effectiveness in accelerating the social-emotional competence and reducing maladaptive behaviors in preschool children. The study involved 143 children (73 males and 70 females) aged 3–5 years (M = 4.4 years, SD = .74), divided into two groups: 1) an experimental group (N = 69; 34 males and 35 females), consisting of classes in which teachers realized the EC, integrating it in their usual educational plan; 2) a control group (N = 74; 39 males and 35 females), consisting of classes...more|
|Document Title:||Developing an Understanding of Victims and Violent Offenders: The Impact of Fostering Empathy.|
|Personal Author:||Peterson, Jillian K.
Silver, Roxane Cohen.
|Abstract:||This study explores the consequences of fostering empathy—for both victims and perpetrators—after large-scale violent events. Participants (N = 834) read a description of a school shooting and were randomly assigned to one of six conditions revealing varying amounts of background information about the victim and the perpetrator of violence. The impact of empathy on reactions toward the victim and perpetrator were then assessed. Empathy for the perpetrator could be fostered with increased information about his background, resulting in recommendations of increased leniency. Fostering empathy for the victim promoted positive community responses, including increased intentions to engage in helping behavior and make...more|
|Document Title:||Measuring Adolescent Violent Behavior Across Groups: Assessing Measurement Invariance of the Violent Behavior Checklist-Modified.|
|Personal Author:||Cotter, Katie L.
Evans, Caroline B. R.
Smokowski, Paul R.
|Abstract:||Measures of violent behavior are often assumed to function identically across different groups (e.g., gender, race/ethnicity). However, failure to verify measurement invariance can lead to biased cross-group comparisons. The current study examines the measurement invariance of the Violent Behavior Checklist–Modified across genders and race/ethnicities. Using multiple group confirmatory factor analysis, configural and metric invariance are assessed in a sample of racially/ethnically diverse middle and high school students (N = 4,128) in two rural counties. Results indicate that the Violent Behavior Checklist–Modified has partial measurement invariance across genders and race/ethnicities. Specifically, four out of six items were non-invariant across genders, while one...more|
|Document Title:||Building Resilience Through Coping in the Early Years (Chapter 9 in Coping and the Challenge of Resilience).|
|Personal Author:||Frydenberg, Erica.|
|Abstract:||This chapter shares findings from the Early Years Coping Project at the University of Melbourne. It describes interventions that utilize the Early Years Coping Cards as tools of intervention, the parenting program “Families Coping”, and the more recent empathy with caring and sharing COPE-R program. Results indicate that following the use of the COPE-R program with 31 children, parents reported increases in prosocial behaviors and communication skills. 1 table and 29 references.|
|Document Title:||Care and Connections: Bridging Relational Gaps in Foster Youths.|
|Personal Author:||Denby, Ramona.
Reeves, Richard V.
|Abstract:||This brief explains more than 20,000 youths age out of foster care each year, the poor outcomes of foster care alumni, and the impact of a relational deficit on these outcomes. It notes foster care children enter the system with a relational deficit and that this lack of relational capacities might prevent some foster youths from developing relationships and strong connections as protective factors. The importance of relationships is discussed, and the need to teach relationship building skills to foster youths is emphasized. Preliminary findings are then shared from four federally funded projects in different parts of the United States that...more|
|Document Title:||Assessing Parental Understanding Of Sexualized Behavior In Children And Adolescents.|
|Personal Author:||Marriage, Nathan D.
Blackley, Anika S.
Seklaoui, Soraya A.
van den Bergh, Jed.
|Abstract:||The current study assessed parents’ ability to identify normal, concerning and harmful sexualized behaviors in children and adolescents, as well as the parents’ ability to identify and select an appropriate level of intervention. The influence of a parent’s relationship with the victim or the perpetrator on the level of action taken was also examined. A cross-sectional survey incorporating a randomized experimental vignette condition determined that parents (N = 244) were not able to consistently identify sexualized behaviors accurately, and they provided lower-than-recommended levels of intervention responses. Parents were best able to identify and respond to behaviors considered normal and age-appropriate, but...more|
|Document Title:||Preventing Expulsion From Preschool and Child Care [Webpage].|
|Corporate Author:||Zero to Three (Organization)|
|Abstract:||This brief explains young children are being expelled from preschool and child care programs at an astonishing rate and that this practice deprives young children of the benefit of early childhood education and may leave unaddressed the mental health issues that lead to challenging behaviors. Links are then provided to videos of presentations provided at the “What’s Behind Preschool Expulsion? Exploring Implicit Bias, Part II” held on March 30, 2017. The videos address: why implicit bias is an important issue, who is being expelled from preschools and whey, what can be done to help prevent the damage of implicit bias in...more|
|Document Title:||Preschool Expulsions and Suspensions, and Why We Should Care. [Webinar].|
|Series Title:||Front Porch Series.|
|Personal Author:||Gilliam, Walter S.|
|Abstract:||This 58-minute video explains children of color, particularly boys. have the greatest risk of losing their early care and education placement due to expulsions and suspensions. It notes Black children and families are the least likely to gain access to high-quality care and education that will help them succeed and explains factors like community stressors and poorly resourced programs may contribute to these disparities, however, implicit biases based on race and gender may also contribute. Research findings are shared from a study that involved nearly 4,000 State-funded pre-kindergarten teachers from across the nation, and all the 40 States with funded pre-K...more|
|Document Title:||Maternal Resolution of Preterm Birth From 1 to 18 Months.|
|Personal Author:||Yaari, Maya.
|Abstract:||Preterm birth can be traumatic for some mothers, involving feelings of grief over the hoped-for full-term pregnancy. In this longitudinal study, we interviewed 50 mothers of preterm infants, using the reaction to diagnosis interview when their child was 1 month and 18 months old. We examined change and stability in resolution status over time. Additionally, we explored possible predictors of resolution trajectories between 1 and 18 months. Findings indicated that resolution at 1 month was not yet common. The rate of resolution at 18 months was 62.6%, compared with 38.2% at 1 month. Prenatal precursors of preterm birth, lower medical neonatal...more|
|Document Title:||Prevalence and Clinical Differences of Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors in a Community Sample of Youth Receiving Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Anxiety.|
|Personal Author:||McBride, Nicole M.
Lewin, Adam B.
Storch, Eric A.
|Author Affiliation:||University of South Florida, St. Petersburg, Florida.|
|Abstract:||This study examined the incidence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors in youth with anxiety before initiating cognitive behavioral therapy, as well as the emergence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors during treatment. Overall, 30% of youth experienced suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Prior to treatment, 24% reported suicidal thoughts and behaviors, and 13.1% endorsed suicidal thoughts and behaviors during treatment. More than half who endorsed suicidal thoughts and behaviors during treatment were newly identified cases not detected prior to treatment. Disagreement among parent- and child-report measures of suicidality was found at baseline. Youth who experienced suicidal thoughts and behaviors had higher levels of...more|
|Document Title:||Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Suicidal Ideation Among Sexually Abused Adolescent Girls: The Mediating Role of Shame.|
|Personal Author:||Alix, Stéphanie
|Abstract:||Sexual abuse is associated with a host of negative repercussions in adolescence. Yet the possible mechanisms linking sexual abuse and negative outcomes are understudied. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among self-blame, shame, coping strategies, posttraumatic stress disorder, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation. The sample included 147 sexually abused adolescent girls between 14 and 18 years of age. A total of 66% of girls reached clinical score for posttraumatic stress disorder, and 53% reached clinical score for depressive symptoms. Close to half (46%) reported suicidal thoughts in the past 3 months. Shame was found to partially mediate...more|
|Document Title:||The Relationship of Spirituality And Family Functioning To Recidivism: An Investigation With Incarcerated Adolescent Males.|
|Personal Author:||Stewart, Chris.
|Abstract:||Family functioning has been strongly linked to adolescent problematic behavior, including delinquency and subsequent recidivism. Adolescent spirituality however, while demonstrating some evidence as a protective factor against some problematic outcomes, such as delinquent behavior, has not been explored to the same degree as other more well-established factors. There is little understanding, for example, as to whether spirituality may act as a protective factor for adolescent recidivism, particularly in the presence of other identified protective factors. This study sought to examine the relationship of adolescent spirituality and family functioning with recidivism in a sample of incarcerated adolescent males. A longitudinal design was...more|
|Document Title:||Sleep Moderates the Association Between Response Inhibition and Self-Regulation in Early Childhood (Special Issue: Sleep and Developmental Psychopathology).|
|Personal Author:||Schumacher, Allyson M.
Miller, Alison L.
Watamura, Sarah E.
Lassonde, Jonathan M.
LeBourgeois, Monique K.
|Abstract:||Early childhood is a time of rapid developmental changes in sleep, cognitive control processes, and the regulation of emotion and behavior. This experimental study examined sleep-dependent effects on response inhibition and self-regulation, as well as whether acute sleep restriction moderated the association between these processes. Preschool children (N = 19; 45.6 ± 2.2 months; 11 female) followed a strict sleep schedule for at least 3 days before each of 2 morning behavior assessments: baseline (habitual nap/night sleep) and sleep restriction (missed nap/delayed bedtime). Response inhibition was evaluated via a go/no-go task. Twelve self-regulation strategies were coded from videotapes of children while...more|
|Document Title:||Sleep and Social-Emotional Development in Infants and Toddlers (Special Issue: Sleep and Developmental Psychopathology).|
|Personal Author:||Mindell, Jodi A.
Leichman, Erin S.
|Abstract:||The aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships among variables related to sleep patterns and both social-emotional problems (i.e., internalizing, externalizing, and dysregulation) and healthy social development (i.e., social competence). Assessments were completed at 6, 12, and 18 months across 5 cohorts of children for a total of 117 mother–child dyads. Mothers completed the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire at 6, 12, and 18 months, as well as the Infant Toddler Social Emotional Assessment at 12 and 18 months. Later bedtimes and less total sleep across the 24-hr period predicted higher internalizing problem scores, which includes indices...more|
|Document Title:||Tracking Effects of Problematic Social Networking on Adolescent Psychopathology: The Mediating Role of Sleep Disruptions (Special Issue: Sleep and Developmental Psychopathology).|
|Personal Author:||Vernon, Lynette.
Modecki, Kathryn L.
Barber, Bonnie L.
|Abstract:||Concerns are growing about adolescents’ problematic social networking and possible links to depressed mood and externalizing behavior. Yet there remains little understanding of underlying processes that may account for these associations, including the mediating role of sleep disruption. This study tests this putative mediating process and examines change in problematic social networking investment and disrupted sleep, in relation to change in depressed mood and externalizing behavior. A sample of 874 students (41% male; 57.2% Caucasian; baseline M age = 14.4 years) from 27 high schools were surveyed. Participants’ problematic social networking, sleep disruption, and psychopathology (depressed mood, externalizing behaviors) were measured...more|
|Document Title:||Activated Social Empathy in Child Welfare and Youth Development: A Case for Consideration (Chapter 25 in The Routledge Handbook of Global Child Welfare).|
|Personal Author:||Dolan, Pat.
|Abstract:||This chapter explores how activated social empathy, which is reciprocal between young people, and their social ecology can lead them to be actors for their own benefit and ways in which their agency can be enhanced. It begins by defining empathy and then explains the ecological context of empathy and strategies for activating empathy. A case study that involved youth researching LGBT is presented as illustrative of a peer-to–peer empathy education practice tool for teachers and schools. 2 figures and 46 references. (Author abstract modified)|
|Document Title:||Worried, Concerned and Untroubled: Antecedents and Consequences of Youth Worry.|
|Personal Author:||Walker O'Neal, Catherine.
Mallette, Jacquelyn K.
Lanier, Audrey Rebeccca.
Mancini, Jay A.
Huebner, Angela J.
|Abstract:||Using a pattern-based approach, worry was explored in relation to military youths' developmental and contextual characteristics, and pivotal outcomes (depressive symptoms, self-efficacy, well-being, coping styles, academic performance and deployment adjustment). Data were collected from parents and adolescents, age 11 to 18, living in the USA (n?=?273 families). Variations in individual characteristics (age and gender), military family factors (rank, recent deployment, parents' resilient coping abilities) and family relational characteristics (parents' marital status, warm parenting, marital quality) were related to heterogeneous worry typologies. Depressive symptoms, self-efficacy and well-being, varied across the worry typologies. Implications are drawn from these findings for identifying potential interventions...more|
|Document Title:||Parental Reaction Towards Radicalization in Young People.|
|Personal Author:||Sikkens, Elga.
van San, Marion.
de Winter, Micha.
|Abstract:||This paper focuses on radicalization from a parenting perspective; we propose an approach that sees radicalization as a possibility in adolescent development, and as part of the interaction with the adolescent's social environment and socialization. The aim of the study is to discover how parents react when their adolescent develops extreme ideals. Using 55 in-depth interviews with young people who have extreme ideals and their parents, the parental reactions towards these ideals are explored. Subsequently, the reactions are categorized according to two dimensions (control and support). This study shows how parents struggle when confronted with radicalization and shift to less demanding...more|
|Document Title:||Peer Paradox: The Tensions That Peer Relationships Raise for Vulnerable Youth.|
|Personal Author:||Sanders, Jackie.
|Abstract:||The contribution peer relationships make to positive adolescent development is well recognized. Accordingly, peer problem measures typically assess youth with few age-appropriate peers as having peer problems. Yet, youth facing high levels of personal and/or social adversity may reduce their association with antisocial peers as part of coping or risk mitigation strategies. While such strategies will result in higher scores on peer problem measures, they may also facilitate resilience and constitute a resource social workers can draw on in their work with youth. To test this proposition of peer adaptation as a risk mitigation strategy, mixed-methods data relating to two groups...more|
|Document Title:||Getting Behind the Closed Door of Care Leavers: Understanding the Role of Emotional Support for Young People Leaving Care.|
|Personal Author:||Adley, Natasha.
Kina, Victoria Jupp.
|Abstract:||There have been significant changes in the legislative frameworks and guidance that surround social work practice with young people leaving the care system over the recent years. However, care leavers continue to face a range of challenges, achieve poor outcomes and research has consistently highlighted the insufficient attention paid to sources of emotional support. This paper provides empirical data from a small number of care leavers reflecting on their experiences of transitioning to independence. The findings provide further evidence of the lack of attention paid to emotional support by professionals and highlight the impact that this had on the young people's...more|
|Document Title:||Poly-victimization and Mental Health Problems Among Adolescents in Residential Facilities in Spain (Chapter 7 in Child Maltreatment in Residential Care: History, Research, and Current Practice).|
|Personal Author:||Segura, Anna.
|Abstract:||A study examined the poly-victimization experienced by 129 Spanish adolescents while in residential care and its relation to the risk of mental health problems. Findings indicate 44.2% of protected adolescents in residential facilities were past year poly-victims and poly-victimization was a significant predictor of internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Implications of the findings for children’s care are discussed. 2 tables and numerous references.|
|Document Title:||Divergent Developmental Pathways of Children and Adolescents Reared in Long-Term Residential Protective Care in Turkey (Chapter 12 in Child Maltreatment in Residential Care: History, Research, and Current Practice).|
|Personal Author:||Erol, Nese.
|Abstract:||This history of the child welfare system in Turkey is reviewed and findings are shared from studies that explored the prevalence and predictors of emotional and behavioral problems reported among institutionally reared children and adolescents in Turkish orphanages. Examples of interventions are then discussed and include the promoting of children’s early psychosocial development through primary healthcare services, the Let’s Break the Social Walls project, the Education Without Stigma project, and the Project Pomegranate Arils. Recommendations for improving child welfare services are made. 2 tables, 3 figures, and numerous references.|
|Document Title:||Examining the Pathologic Adaptation Model of Community Violence Exposure in Male Adolescents of Color.|
|Personal Author:||Gaylord-Harden, Noni K.
Bai, Grace J.
Henry, David B.
Tolan, Patrick H.
|Abstract:||The current study examined a model of desensitization to community violence exposure—the pathologic adaptation model—in male adolescents of color. The current study included 285 African American (61%) and Latino (39%) male adolescents (W1 M age = 12.41) from the Chicago Youth Development Study to examine the longitudinal associations between community violence exposure, depressive symptoms, and violent behavior. Consistent with the pathologic adaptation model, results indicated a linear, positive association between community violence exposure in middle adolescence and violent behavior in late adolescence, as well as a curvilinear association between community violence exposure in middle adolescence and depressive symptoms in late adolescence,...more|
|Document Title:||A Cross-Lagged Model of the Relationship Between Violent Video Game Exposure and Moral Disengagement in Middle School and High School Students.|
|Personal Author:||Teng, Zhaojun.
|Abstract:||Previous studies have proved that violent video game exposure might have an association with moral disengagement; however, the directionality of this correlation remains unclear. Therefore, we examined the reciprocal effects between violent video game exposure and moral disengagement in a longitudinal study. The sample included 1393 adolescents (48.7% boys) in the seventh (middle school students, n = 694, M age = 13.15 years) and tenth (high school students, n = 699, M age = 15.93 years) grades at six Chinese secondary schools. The results showed that high school students' levels of moral disengagement were higher than those of middle school students,...more|
|Document Title:||Adolescent Adaptation to Parental Incarceration.|
|Personal Author:||Kautz, Sarah Vernon.|
|Abstract:||This qualitative transcendental phenomenological study considered the lived experience of having a parent or parental figure incarcerated during one’s adolescence. The study analyzed 15 in-depth, in-person, semi-structured interviews with six participants between the ages of 18 and 29 from the city of Chicago. Textural-structural analysis indicated five separate results: the influence of parental incarceration on the developmental experience, the emotional influence of parental incarceration, the social influence of parental incarceration, the spiritual influence of parental incarceration, and the three key aspects of the experience (truth, the kind of relationship the participant had with the incarcerated parent, and the availability of an...more|
|Document Title:||The Association Between Weapon Carrying and Health Risk Behaviors Among Adolescent Students in Bangkok, Thailand.|
|Personal Author:||Saiphoklang, On-anong.
Cottler, Linda B.
|Abstract:||Carrying weapons is a significant social and public health problem worldwide, especially among adolescents. The present study examined the association between weapon carrying and related risk behaviors among Thai adolescents. A cross-sectional study of 2,588 high school and vocational school students aged 11 to 19 years from 26 schools in Bangkok, Thailand, was conducted in 2014. This study found that 7.8% of youth reported having carried a weapon in the past 12 months. The high prevalence of weapon carrying was reported by male students, and males were more likely to have reported carrying a weapon than females. The association between weapon...more|
|Document Title:||Can Typical US Home Visits Affect Infant Attachment? Preliminary Findings From A Randomized Trial Of Healthy Families Durham.|
|Personal Author:||Berlin, Lisa J.
Martoccio, Tiffany L.
Carmody, Karen A.
Goodman, W. Benjamin.
Murphy, Robert A.
Dodge, Kenneth A.
|Abstract:||US government-funded early home visiting services are expanding significantly. The most widely implemented home visiting models target at-risk new mothers and their infants. Such home visiting programs typically aim to support infant–parent relationships; yet, such programs’ effects on infant attachment quality per se are as yet untested. Given these programs’ aims, and the crucial role of early attachments in human development, it is important to understand attachment processes in home visited families. The current, preliminary study examined 94 high-risk mother–infant dyads participating in a randomized evaluation of the Healthy Families Durham (HFD) home visiting program. We tested (a) infant attachment security...more|
|Document Title:||Social Status of Adolescents With an Early Onset of Externalizing Behavior: The SNARE Study.|
|Personal Author:||Franken, Aart.
Dijkstra, Jan K.
|Abstract:||This study investigated the social status (i.e., popularity, likeability, and friendships) of adolescents with an early onset of externalizing behavior (i.e., alcohol use, tobacco use, and antisocial behavior). Building on Moffitt’s dual-taxonomy model, it was hypothesized that early onset adolescents were more popular, but not necessarily more liked or with more friends. Hypotheses were tested using data from the Social Network Analysis of Risk Behaviors in Early Adolescence (SNARE) study (N = 1,100, 50% boys, X???age = 12.7, SD = 0.47 years). Findings indicated that adolescents with an early onset of one or more externalizing behaviors were more popular, less liked,...more|
|Document Title:||An Experimental Study of Risk Taking Behavior Among Adolescents: A Closer Look at Peer and Sex Influences.|
|Personal Author:||de Boer, Anouk.
|Abstract:||In this experimental study, it was examined to what extent peers and sex were important predictors of risk taking behavior of adolescents. Participants were 140 Dutch adolescents (52.9% boys, 12-15 years) who completed the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) as a measure of risk taking behavior, either individually or in the presence of homogenous or heterogeneous peer groups. Results showed that (a) adolescents took significantly more risk when they completed the BART with peers than when they completed the risk taking task individually, (b) boys took significantly more risk when they completed the task with peers than girls but not when...more|
|Document Title:||Key Factors and Characteristics of Successful Resource Parents Who Care for Older Youth: A Systematic Review of Research.|
|Personal Author:||Willis, Tamarie.
|Abstract:||This article shares research findings on characteristics or qualities that successful resource parents possess that lead to greater placement stability and permanency for youth in care. Characteristics include: tolerance for rejection and negative feelings, flexible expectations, sense of humor, belief in a higher power, self-efficacy, a higher level of education, sufficient economic resources, healthy marriage and marital functioning, access to support systems, and motivation to foster/adopt. Key knowledge, skills, and abilities are also identified. 10 references.|
|Document Title:||Trajectories of Maternal Depressive Symptoms and Behavioral Problems of Children at Four Years of Age: Evidence from the Panel Study of Korean Children.|
|Personal Author:||Kim, Yeon Ha.|
|Author Affiliation:||Department of Child and Family Studies, College of Human Ecology.|
|Abstract:||The present study identifies trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms in Korean contexts and explores their associations with children’s behavioral problems at four years of age. Using the Panel Study of Korean Children, depressive symptoms of 1,964 mothers were collected at five time points (right after childbirth at hospitals, one month postpartum, four months postpartum, 24 months postpartum, and 48 months postpartum). These data were analyzed using latent class growth analysis. Korean mothers’ depressive symptoms from childbirth to 48 months postpartum were best described by five trajectories: No Symptoms (30.8 %), Low Symptoms (46.8 %), Increasing Symptoms (9.2 %), Persistent Moderate Symptoms...more|
|Document Title:||Development of Coping in the Formative Years: Building Resilience (Chapter 8 in Coping and the Challenge of Resilience).|
|Personal Author:||Frydenberg, Erica.|
|Abstract:||This chapter discusses the emotional development of infants and shares research findings that indicate developmental shifts occur at particular periods from infancy up to early adulthood during which structure, organization, and flexibility in coping processes are likely to undergo significant qualitative and quantitative changes. Research showing the effectiveness of teaching coping skills to young people is highlighted. 1 table and 47 references.|
|Document Title:||Street Children's Use Of Social Support Against Everyday Abuse In Bangladesh.|
|Personal Author:||Reza, Hasan.|
|Abstract:||This qualitative study explores how the estimated 1–3 million street children of Bangladesh cope with the verbal, physical, and sexual violence inflicted on them on an almost daily basis. Drawing on a sample of 75 street children ages 10–17 in the capital city of Dhaka, the study is based on multiple interviews with participants. Interview data and social network theory yielded insights about the types of violence endured and how age, gender, and location impacted risks faced by street children. The study also highlights the complex and varied roles that social networks and group solidarity, as well as the actions of...more|
|Document Title:||Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator [Webpage].|
|Corporate Author:||United States Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.|
|Abstract:||This webpage provides a Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator, a confidential and anonymous source of information for persons seeking treatment facilities in the United States or U.S. Territories for substance abuse/addiction and/or mental health problems. For any location, a list is provided of facilities that includes directions to the facility, website links, and information on the types of care provided, treatment approaches, service setting, facility operation, accepted health insurances, special programs offered, ancillary servicers, and age groups accepted. A map indicates whether facilities are providing substance abuse, mental health, health services, or have Buprenorphine physicians. Additional information is provided on the...more|
|Document Title:||The Role of Strengths in Anger and Conduct Problems in Maltreated Adolescents.|
|Personal Author:||Go, Monica.
Chu, Chi Meng.
Chng, Grace S.
|Abstract:||Despite multi-type maltreatment, some individuals demonstrate positive adaptation and continue to develop in a healthy way. A multitude of strength factors have been linked to adaptive functioning and resilience, but this has not been adequately examined in maltreated adolescent’s psychosocial functioning. This study sought to examine the role of strengths such as having talents/interests, family relationships, educational support, the role of the recognition and application of these strengths, and the role of multi-type maltreatment on anger control and conduct problems. One hundred and thirty participants (61 males; 69 females) aged 13–19 years old were rated using the Singapore version of Child...more|
|Document Title:||Resilience And Psychopathology Among Victimized Youth In Residential Care.|
|Personal Author:||Segura, Anna.
|Abstract:||This study examines the role of several resilience resources in the relationship between lifetime victimization and mental health problems among adolescents in care. The sample comprised 127 adolescents (53.% females, aged 12–17 years) from residential care facilities in Catalonia, Spain. The Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire, the Youth Self-Report, and the Adolescent Resilience Questionnaire were used to assess victimization, psychological symptoms, and resilience respectively. Results indicated that poly-victimization was associated with fewer resources, and with an increased risk of mental health problems. Self-resources mediated the relationship between victimization and internalizing and externalizing symptoms; community support mediated the relationship between victimization and internalizing symptoms....more|
|Document Title:||Psychometric Properties Of The Adverse Childhood Experiences Abuse Short Form (ACE-ASF) Among Romanian High School Students.|
|Personal Author:||Meinck, Franziska.
Cosma, Alina P.
|Abstract:||Child abuse is a major public health problem. In order to establish the prevalence of abuse exposure among children, measures need to be age-appropriate, sensitive, reliable and valid. This study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of the Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire Abuse Short Form (ACE-ASF). The ACE-ASF is an 8-item, retrospective self-report questionnaire measuring lifetime physical, emotional and sexual abuse. Data from a nationally representative sample of 15-year-old, school-going adolescents (n = 1733, 55.5% female) from the Romanian Health Behavior in School-Based Children Study 2014 (HBSC) were analyzed. The factorial structure of the ACE-ASF was tested with Exploratory Factor Analysis...more|
|Document Title:||[Memo From CalYOUTH]: The Use of Psychotropic Medications Over Time Among Foster Youth Transitioning to Adulthood.|
|Series Title:||Chapin Hall Issue Brief|
|Personal Author:||Park, Keunhye.
Okpych, Nathanael J.
Courtney, Mark E.
|Abstract:||This issue brief presents findings from a study that explored the use of psychotropic medications over time for California foster youth transitioning to adulthood. The study also examined how psychotropic drug use differs for youth who have different types of behavioral health problems. For the study, information was collected from two interview waves of the California Youth Transitions to Adulthood Study (CalYOUTH). Most respondents (n=611) were 17 years old during the baseline interview conducted in 2013 and 19 years old during the follow-up interview conducted in 2015. Findings indicate: the prevalence of behavioral health problems, psychotropic medications, and psychological or emotional...more|
|Document Title:||Mothers’ Early Depressive Symptoms and Preschoolers’ Behavioral Problems: The Moderating Role of Genetic Influences.|
|Personal Author:||Yan, Ni.
Harden, K. Paige
|Author Affiliation:||Southwest University, Chongqing, China.|
|Abstract:||As a stressful environment in families, mothers’ depressive symptoms might increase children’s risks of developing behavioral problems by exacerbating genetic influences. Using data from the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort data of approximately 750 pairs of twins, we examined whether genetic influences on preschoolers’ behavioral problems depended upon mothers’ depressive symptoms. Results indicated that the genetic etiology for both internalizing and externalizing behaviors varied with maternal depressive symptoms at 9-months child age. Genetic effects on externalizing behaviors increased as mothers’ depressive symptoms increased; however, genetics effects on internalizing behaviors increased when depressive symptoms either increased or decreased from the...more|
|Document Title:||Parenting in the Eye of the Storm: The Adoptive Parent’s Guide to Navigating the Teen Years.|
|Personal Author:||Naftzger, Katie.
|Abstract:||Intended for adoptive parents, this book discusses the emotional experiences of adoptive teens and offers strategies parents can use to un-rescue, set adoption-sensitive limits, have connecting conversations, and envision their adopted teens’ future. Chapter 1 describes the layers of loss for adoptees, including loss of continuity, safety, control, closure, trust in adults, innocence, worth, and accountability. Chapter 2 on taking a learning stance, discusses the high impact adoptive parents have on their teens and the need for parents to take responsibility for their role and access their vulnerability to understand their impact on their adopted teen and pave the way into...more|
|Document Title:||Long-Term Impact of a Cell Phone–Enhanced Parenting Intervention (Special Issue: Technology 2.0: A Focus on the Newest Technological Advances in Child Maltreatment Research).|
|Personal Author:||Burke Lefever, Jennifer E.
Bigelow, Kathryn M.
Carta, Judith J.
Borkowski, John G.
Irvin, Dwight W.
Warren, Steven F.
|Abstract:||Home visiting programs support positive parenting in populations at-risk of child maltreatment, but their impact is often limited by poor retention and engagement. The current study assessed whether a cellular phone–supported version (PCI-C) of the Parent-Child Interactions (PCI) intervention improved long-term parenting practices, maternal depression, and children’s aggression. Low-income mothers (n = 371) of preschool-aged children were assigned to one of the three groups: PCI-C, PCI, and a wait-list control (WLC) group. Parenting improved in both intervention groups between baseline and 12-month follow-up compared to the WLC. Children in the PCI-C group were rated to be more cooperative and less aggressive...more|
|Document Title:||Coping Abilities And Social Support Of Myanmar Teenage Refugees In Malaysia.|
|Personal Author:||Kok, Jin K.
Lee, Mah N.
Low, Sew K.
|Abstract:||A high number of Myanmar refugees in Malaysia fled their home countries due to political turmoil. Officially, more than 33,000 of them are children below the age of 18. Psychological distress for teenage refugees was reported, but the study of coping abilities and social support employed by teenage refugees is lacking. We have used a concurrent mixed method approach to collect data from 115 Myanmar adolescent refugees from six different education centers around Klang Valley in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The Adolescent Coping Scale and the Social Support Measure were used to measure coping abilities and social support of the teenage refugees....more|
|Document Title:||Pilot And Feasibility Study Of A Parenting Intervention Delivered By Parent Peers.|
|Personal Author:||Butler, Ashley M.
|Abstract:||Preventive parenting interventions delivered by parent peer specialists may be a viable alternative to professional-led interventions and offer an advantage of increasing access in medically underserved areas. The objective of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility and preliminary outcomes of a 10-session, peer specialist-delivered preventive parenting intervention (Smart and Secure Children) for child disruptive behavior. The intervention was evaluated among a small sample of parents (N = 15) of preschoolers (2–5 years) residing in medically underserved communities. Pediatricians referred families to the intervention, which was delivered in primary care practices within medically underserved communities. To determine feasibility, we calculated...more|
|Document Title:||Mother, Father, and Grandparent Involvement: Associations With Adolescent Mental Health and Substance Use.|
|Personal Author:||Profe, Wade.
Wild, Lauren G.
|Abstract:||The objective of this study was to examine whether mother, father, and closest grandparent involvement are associated with South African adolescents’ mental health (internalizing and externalizing problems and prosocial behavior) and substance use. A sample of 512 Grade 8 and Grade 9 learners in Cape Town (M age = 14 years) completed a structured survey. Of the participants, 57% were female, and 85% identified themselves as “colored” (mixed race). Hierarchical multiple regression analyses, controlling for age, sex, and socioeconomic status, indicated that mother and father involvement were negatively associated with adolescents’ internalizing and externalizing problems, whereas mother and closest grandparent involvement...more|
|Document Title:||The Role of Adverse Childhood Experiences as Determinants of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury Among Children and Adolescents Referred to Community and Inpatient Mental Health Settings.|
|Personal Author:||Baiden, Philip.
Stewart, Shannon L.
|Abstract:||The objectives of this study were to examine the prevalence of, and determine the effect of adverse childhood experiences on non-suicidal self-injury among children and adolescents referred to community and inpatient mental health settings. Data for this study were obtained from the interRAI Child and Youth Mental Health dataset. A total of 2038 children and adolescents aged 8–18 years (M = 12.49; SD = 2.88, 61.1% males) were analyzed. Binary logistic regression was fitted to identify predictors of non-suicidal self-injury as a function of adverse childhood experiences, depression, and social support while simultaneously controlling for age, gender, type of patient, legal...more|
|Document Title:||Two Faces of Parental Support: Risk and Protection for Antisocial Youth Depending on Parental Knowledge.|
|Personal Author:||Cutrín, Olalla.
Gómez-Fraguela, José Antonio.
|Author Affiliation:||Universidade de Santiago de Compostela,Santiago de Compostela, Spain.|
|Abstract:||Research has suggested that warm and supportive relationships are indispensable to facilitate parent-child communication which, in turn, enables parental knowledge. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyse the direct and indirect effects of parental support and parental knowledge on juvenile antisocial behaviours (i.e., substance abuse, nonviolent antisocial behaviour, and violent behaviour) taking into account gender differences. The sample was composed of 876 Spanish young people: 584 from the community aged 14 to 19, 46.9% males, and 292 from juvenile centres aged 14 to 22, 91.1% males. Several scales from the protocol of Valoración del Riesgo en Adolescentes Infractores [Juvenile...more|
|Document Title:||Effects of Maternal Parenting and Mother-Child Relationship Quality on Short-Term Longitudinal Change in Self-Regulation in Early Adolescence.|
|Personal Author:||Moilanen, Kristin L.
Rambo-Hernandez, Karen E.
|Abstract:||The purpose of the present study was to explore the degree to which short-term longitudinal change in adolescent self-regulation was attributable to maternal parenting and mother-child relationship quality. A total of 821 mother-adolescent dyads provided data in the 1992 and 1994 waves of the Children of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth-1979 (52.5% male; 24.2% Hispanic, 36.7% African American, 39.1% European American; adolescents’ initial age range = 10-12 years). Consistent with hypotheses, longitudinal improvements in young adolescents’ self-regulation were associated with high levels of mother-child relationship quality and low levels of maternal discipline. The association between self-regulation in 1992 and 1994...more|
|Document Title:||Externalizing Behaviors in Multicultural Children of Immigrant Mothers: A Mediation Model.|
|Personal Author:||Cho, Yoonju.|
|Abstract:||Children and adolescents from multicultural families with an immigrant mother tend to experience stress due to problems with cross-cultural adaptation in South Korea, which has a homogeneous cultural identity. This study explored the impact of acculturative stress on externalizing behavior problems (e.g., aggressiveness and delinquency) among 121 elementary, middle, and high school students in Gyeonggi. It analyzed the mediating effects of acculturative stress on externalizing behaviors using structural equation modeling with bootstrapping method. The results showed that stress experienced in relation to cultural adaptation indirectly affected externalizing behaviors through school maladaptation. This indicates that while acculturative stress itself does not directly...more|
|Document Title:||Adolescent-To-Parent Violence And Abuse: Parents' Management Of Tension And Ambiguity—An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis.|
|Personal Author:||Clarke, Kerry.
Nel, Pieter W.
|Abstract:||Adolescent violence and abuse towards parents is under researched, especially in the UK where reports of the phenomenon are increasing with little clear guidance as to how practitioners might respond. In this qualitative study, 6 parents were recruited through youth offending teams and were interviewed about their lived experiences of violence and/or abuse from their adolescent child. Using interpretative phenomenological analysis, 3 superordinate themes emerged (a) the tensions and (b) the ambiguities produced by living with the violence and abuse and (c) the ways that parents manage the harms caused by these tensions and ambiguities. Theoretical and clinical implications are discussed,...more|
|Document Title:||Success After Foster Care.|
|Personal Author:||Sciortino, Rhonda.|
|Abstract:||A former foster child discusses the creation of a nine-module, interactive curriculum designed to help foster youth create personal and professional success in the context of group learning alongside volunteers who serve as friends, mentors, and coaches. The “Your Real Success” curriculum helps participants learn that they are stronger, more resilient, and more resourceful than the average person and that they became that way because of what they’ve been through, not despite it.|
|Document Title:||Parent–Adolescent Cross-Informant Agreement in Clinically Referred Samples: Findings From Seven Societies.|
|Personal Author:||Rescorla, Leslie A.
Ivanova, Masha Y.
Dieleman, Gwen C.
|Abstract:||To conduct international comparisons of parent–adolescent cross-informant agreement in clinical samples, we analyzed ratings on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Youth Self-Report (YSR) for 6,762 clinically referred adolescents ages 11–18 from 7 societies (M = 14.5 years, SD = 2.0 years; 51% boys). Using CBCL and YSR data, we asked the following questions: (a) Do parents report more problems for their adolescent children than the adolescents report about themselves? (b) How do cross-informant correlations (rs) for scale scores differ by problem type and by society? (c) How well do parents and adolescents, on average, agree regarding which problems they rate...more|
|Document Title:||Do Marital Conflict Behaviors in Response to a Novel Stressor Uniquely Predict Adolescent Outcomes?.|
|Personal Author:||Lucas-Thompson, Rachel G.
George, Melissa W.
|Author Affiliation:||Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado.|
|Abstract:||The goal of this study was to examine whether mothers’ and fathers’ marital conflict behaviors in response to a novel stressor are uniquely predictive of adolescent outcomes. Previous research establishing the detrimental consequences of marital conflict for child outcomes has relied exclusively on assessments of conflict that measure reoccurring or past conflict. From 153 adolescents and/or both of their parents, reports were gathered on marital conflict, adolescent conflict appraisals, parent-adolescent relationship quality, and adolescent adjustment. Couples engaged in two marital problem-solving interaction tasks—one that elicited conflict behaviors by requiring discussion of salient, reoccurring topics of disagreement and one that prompted conflict...more|
|Document Title:||Does General Parenting Context Modify Adolescents' Appraisals and Coping with a Situation of Parental Regulation? The Case of Autonomy-Supportive Parenting.|
|Personal Author:||Van Petegem, Stijn.
Zimmer-Gembeck, Melanie J.
|Author Affiliation:||University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.|
|Abstract:||Theory and research suggest that adolescents differ in their appraisals and coping reactions in response to parental regulation. Less is known, however, about factors that determine these differences in adolescents’ responses. In this study, we examined whether adolescents' appraisals and coping reactions depend upon parents’ situation-specific autonomy-supportive or controlling communication style (i.e., the situation) in interaction with adolescents’ past experiences with general autonomy-supportive parenting (i.e., the parenting context). Whereas in Study 1 (N?=?176) adolescents’ perceived general autonomy-supportive parenting context was assessed at one point in time, in Study 2 (N?=?126) it was assessed multiple times across a 6-year period, allowing for...more|
|Document Title:||Does Parental Monitoring Moderate the Impact of Community Violence Exposure on Probation Youth’s Substance Use and Sexual Risk Behavior?.|
|Personal Author:||Udell, Wadiya.
Hotton, Anna L.
Donenberg, Geri R.
|Author Affiliation:||University of Washington Bothell, Bothell, Washington.|
|Abstract:||The present study examined whether parental monitoring buffers the negative effects of communtity violence exposure on probation youth’s substance use and sexual risk behaviors. Among a sample of 347 Chicago youth on probation, ages 13–17 years, parental monitoring did not moderate the relationship between community violence exposure and probation youth’s sexual risk and substance use. However, parental monitoring was independently associated with less engagement in sexual risk and substance use, and community violence exposure was independently associated with more risk behavior among probation youth. The present study contributes to the growing literature on the impact of community violence exposure and parenting...more|
|Document Title:||Dysregulated Infant Temperament And Caregiver Warmth In Jordanian Orphanages: The Importance Of Considering Goodness-Of-Fit.|
|Personal Author:||MacKenzie, Michael J.
Gearing, Robin E.
Ibrahim, Rawan W.
Brewer, Kathryne B.
Shaker, Zein B.
|Abstract:||The growing literature on the negative effects of large institutions, has not translated into fundamental shifts in models of care in many parts of the world. The current study was part of a larger initiative to develop foster care as an alternative to institutions in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The primary goal was to assess the early temperament of institutionalized infants, and to increase our understanding of pathways through which self-regulatory deficits may influence early relationship processes. The primary caregivers for a sample of 46 infants in institutional settings were surveyed, reporting on child functioning and their own beliefs about...more|
|Document Title:||Co-Development Of Internalizing And Externalizing Behavior Problems During Early Childhood Among Child Welfare-Involved Children.|
|Personal Author:||Yoon, Susan.
|Abstract:||Using parallel-process latent growth curve modeling, we examine developmental trajectories of internalizing and externalizing behavior problems and identify early risk factors for behavior problems among 329 child welfare-involved children followed from age 2 years to 5 years. Data are drawn from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being II. On average, internalizing behavior problems remained stable, while externalizing behavior problems decreased over time. Higher initial levels of internalizing behavior problems were associated with higher initial levels of externalizing behavior problems. Rates of change also had positive cross-domain relationships. Child neglect, exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV), insecure caregiver-child attachment, and...more|
|Document Title:||Ethnic Differences in Adolescent Mental Health Problems: Examining Early Risk Factors and Deviant Peer Affiliation.|
|Personal Author:||Gillies, Whitney Mihiroa.
Boden, Joseph M.
Friesen, Myron D.
Fergusson, David M.
|Author Affiliation:||University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.|
|Abstract:||Using life-course longitudinal data from the Christchurch Health and Development Study (CHDS), we examined ethnic differences in rates of psychiatric disorder among New Zealand adolescents, comparing New Zealand M?ori to their European peers. The CHDS includes a large birth cohort of New Zealand children who have been regularly assessed throughout childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Ethnicity (New Zealand M?ori vs. non-M?ori) was assessed at age 14 years. Internalizing and externalizing disorders were assessed at age 15, 16, and 18 years. A diverse range of risk factors were included to test if differences in mental health difficulties were explained by greater exposure to...more|
|Document Title:||Dimensionality and Genetic Correlates of Problem Behavior in Low-Income African American Adolescents.|
|Personal Author:||Latendresse, Shawn J.
Henry, David B.
Aggen, Steven H.
Byck, Gayle R.
Ashbeck, Alan W.
|Abstract:||Researchers have long observed that problem behaviors tend to cluster together, particularly among adolescents. Epidemiological studies have suggested that this covariation is due, in part, to common genetic influences, and a number of plausible candidates have emerged as targets for investigation. To date, however, genetic association studies of these behaviors have focused mostly on unidimensional models of individual phenotypes within European American samples. Herein, we compared a series of confirmatory factor models to best characterize the structure of problem behavior (alcohol and marijuana use, sexual behavior, and disruptive behavior) within a representative community-based sample of 592 low-income African American adolescents (50.3%...more|
|Document Title:||Rumination in Early Adolescent Girls: Interactive Contributions of Mother–Adolescent Relationship Quality and Maternal Coping Suggestions.|
|Personal Author:||Stroud, Catherine B.
|Abstract:||Research suggests that rumination places adolescents at risk for psychopathology. However, little is known about the association between parenting and rumination. Moreover, relevant theoretical models suggest that parents contribute to the development of rumination both explicitly through their suggestions about how to cope and implicitly through the context of the mother–adolescent relationship. However, prior work has not examined implicit and explicit factors within the same investigation, precluding exploration of their unique and interactive effects. To address these gaps, the present study examined links between mother–adolescent relationship quality, maternal coping suggestions, and adolescent rumination. Participants were early adolescent girls (M age =...more|
|Document Title:||Effects of Systemic Therapy on Mental Health of Children and Adolescents: A Meta-Analysis.|
|Personal Author:||Riedinger, Verena.
|Abstract:||Systemic therapy is a frequently used form of psychotherapy for the treatment of mental disorders in children and adolescents. The present study reports the results of the first meta-analysis on the effects of systemic treatment of mental disorders and behavior problems in children and adolescents. Based on systematic search in electronic databases (PsycINFO, Psyndex, PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, CINAHL), k = 56 randomized, controlled trials met the inclusion criteria. We computed a random-effects meta-analysis. Systemic therapy showed small-to-medium effects in comparison with an untreated control group (posttest: k = 7, g = .59 standard deviation units, follow-up: k = 2,...more|
|Document Title:||Child Sexual Abuse and HIV-Related Substance Use and Sexual Risk Across the Life Course Among Males and Females.|
|Personal Author:||Scheidell, Joy D.
Kumar, Pritika C.
McGorray, Susan P.
Khan, Maria R.
|Abstract:||Child sexual abuse is associated with substance use and sexual risk behaviors during adolescence and adulthood, but no known studies have documented associations across the life course in a nationally representative U.S. sample. We used the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health to measure associations between child sexual abuse and substance use and sexual risk behaviors during adolescence, young adulthood, and adulthood among males and females (n = 11,820). Approximately 10% of females and 7% of males reported child sexual abuse. Associations with substance use were strongest during adolescence and lessened over time. Increased odds of sexual risk among...more|
|Document Title:||The State of Young Children in the United States: A Developmental Psychopathology Perspective on the Mental Health of Preschool Children (Chapter 2 in The Wiley Handbook of Early Childhood Development Programs, Practices, and Policies).|
|Personal Author:||Campbell, Susan.|
|Abstract:||Dimensions and categories of problem behaviors in young children are discussed, including external problems and internal problems. Information is provided on differentiating transient from persistent problems, child characteristics risk factors for continuing problems, the impact of parenting on problem behaviors, and the influence of family functioning and parent mental health. Numerous references.|
|Document Title:||Heterogeneity in Response during Multisystemic Therapy: Exploring Subgroups and Predictors.|
|Personal Author:||Mertens, Esther C. A.
Asscher, Jessica J.
Manders, Willeke A.
|Author Affiliation:||Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.|
|Abstract:||Multiple studies have shown that Multisystemic Therapy (MST) is, at group level, an effective treatment for adolescents showing serious externalizing problem behavior. The current study expands previous research on MST by, first, examining whether subgroups of participants who respond differently to treatment could be identified. Second, we investigated if the different trajectories of change during MST could be predicted by individual (hostile attributions) and contextual (parental sense of parenting competence and deviant and prosocial peer involvement) pre-treatment factors. Participants were 147 adolescents (mean age = 15.91 years, 104 (71%) boys) and their parents who received MST. Pre-treatment assessment of the predictors...more|
|Document Title:||Kindness: Caring for Self, Others and Nature - Who Cares and Why? (Chapter 11 in Children, Young People and Care).|
|Series Title:||Routledge Spaces of Childhood and Youth Series.|
|Personal Author:||Hayes, Tracey.|
|Abstract:||This chapter begins with a fable based on empirical research with foster adolescents that is then utilized in stages to explore the concept of care, before finally being placed within a wider context that explores the meaning of the word “care”. The impact of outdoor experiences on young people is discussed, and the need for playful, creative, and emotional approaches that allow young people to feel comfortable being in nature is emphasized. 54 references.|
|Document Title:||“It’s Like Breathing In Blue Skies and Breathing Out Stormy Clouds”: Mindfulness Practices in Early Childhood.|
|Personal Author:||Erwin, Elizabeth J.
Robinson, Kimberly A.
McGrath, Greg S.
Harney, Corrine J.
|Abstract:||Intended for educators and other practitioners, this article shares child-tested, classroom-based mindfulness practices that can be easily used in early childhood and elementary classrooms. Information is provided on the development of social and emotional well-being in early childhood, the benefits of mindfulness, and the promise of mindfulness practice for young diverse learners. The use of Yoga and Mindfulness Movement in early childhood education is highlighted, as well as strategies for embedding the practices into early childhood environments. 5 tables and 45 references.|
|Document Title:||Health Effects of Adverse Childhood Events: Identifying Promising Protective Factors at the Intersection of Mental and Physical Well-Being.|
|Personal Author:||Banyard, Victoria.
|Abstract:||Research documents how exposure to adversity in childhood leads to negative health outcomes across the lifespan. Less is known about protective factors – aspects of the individual, family, and community that promote good health despite exposure to adversity. Guided by the Resilience Portfolio Model, this study examined protective factors associated with physical health in a sample of adolescents and adults exposed to high levels of adversity including child abuse. A rural community sample of 2565 individuals with average age of 30 participated in surveys via computer assisted software. Participants completed self-report measures of physical health, adversity, and a range of protective...more|
|Document Title:||Improving Self-Regulation for Obesity Prevention in Head Start: A Randomized Controlled Trial.|
|Personal Author:||Lumeng, Julie C.
Miller, Alison L.
Horodynski, Mildred A.
Brophy-Herb, Holly E.
Karen E. Peterson
|Abstract:||OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of an intervention to improve emotional and behavioral self-regulation in combination with an obesity-prevention program on the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related behaviors in preschoolers.METHODS: This was a cluster-randomized intervention trial in Head Start (HS) classrooms conducted in each of 4 academic years from 2011 to 2015. Participants (697 children; 49% boys; mean age: 4.1 ± 0.5 years; 48% white, 30% African American, 12% Hispanic) were randomly assigned by classroom to 1 of 3 intervention arms: (1) HS + Preschool Obesity Prevention Series (POPS) + Incredible Years Series (IYS) (HS enhanced by the POPS [program targeting...more|
|Document Title:||Special Collection on Fathers and Fathering.|
|Abstract:||This special journal issue focuses on father child relationships and the impact of father involvement. It begins with an article that reports on a study involving 64 fathers that investigated how fathers of young children consider risk in their own life and in the lives of the 2- to 7-year olds. Results found most fathers considered risk taking to be an essential component of their own and their fathering identities. The second article presents findings from a study that examined the effect of a supervisor position on the time fathers (n=2,820) spent on child care. Findings indicate a leadership position means...more|
|Document Title:||Feasibility of an Inpatient and Outpatient Multidimensional Family Therapy for Improving Behavioral Outcomes in Adolescents Referred to Residential Care.|
|Personal Author:||Hoogeveen, Collin E.
|Abstract:||In this study, half of a cohort of adolescents referred to a secure residential youth care institution in The Netherlands was actually placed in the center where they received well-tested Multidimensional Family Therapy (MDFT). The others were offered outpatient MDFT in a last-minute effort to avert juvenile judge accorded out-of-home placement. All adolescents had problems with their family, and virtually all of them with school. Externalizing behavior problems were prevalent. As expected, both groups of adolescents benefited from MDFT on externalizing behavior, family, and school outcome measures. MDFT was well-liked by adolescents and parents. (Author abstract)|
|Document Title:||Emotion Regulation Mediates the Relationship Between a History of Child Abuse and Current PTSD/Depression Severity in Adolescent Females.|
|Personal Author:||John, Sufna G.
Cisler, Josh M.
Sigel, Benjamin A.
|Author Affiliation:||Department of Psychiatry.|
|Abstract:||Although experiencing child abuse (i.e., physical abuse, sexual abuse, exposure to violence) is associated with a variety of mental health difficulties, simple exposure to abuse does not produce symptoms in every individual. The current study explored emotion regulation as a mediator in the relationship between a history of child abuse and symptoms of posttraumatic stress and depression. Adolescent females (ages 11–17 years) were asked to retrospectively report on their exposure to child abuse, current symptoms of PTSD/depression, and emotion regulation abilities. Caregiver report of adolescent emotional difficulties was also obtained. Analyses revealed that child abuse-exposed females, when compared to females without...more|
|Document Title:||Associations Between Experiencing and Witnessing Physical and Psychological Abuse and Internalizing and Externalizing Problems in Yemeni Children.|
|Personal Author:||Alizzy, Arwa.
Bushman, Brad J.
|Author Affiliation:||Department of Personality, Psychological Assessment, and Treatment.|
|Abstract:||There is little research on how family violence affects children who live the Arab world. This study had three aims. First, to examine the prevalence of family violence in Yemen. Second, to examine the associations between family violence and internalizing and externalizing problems in Yemeni children. Third, to examine participant gender as a possible moderator. A total of 598 children, 11–16 years old, completed measures of experiencing and witnessing physical and psychological abuse in the home, and reported emotional symptoms and conduct problems. Findings indicate that prevalence rates of all forms of abuse are high among Yemeni children (57.5% experiencing physical...more|
|Document Title:||Children and Adolescents Facing a Continuous Security Threat: Aggressive Behavior and Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms.|
|Personal Author:||Nuttman-Shwartz, Orit.|
|Abstract:||There is extensive research evidence indicating that children and youth are the most vulnerable population for developing psychological symptoms relating to war and terror. Although studies have documented a wide range of detrimental emotional and behavioral effects of such exposure, much less is known about the effects of exposure to a continuous security threat for children and adolescents. Against this background, the current article examined the implications of continuous exposure to missile attacks among 1096 children and adolescents enrolled in public schools near the Israeli border with Gaza. Participants filled out quantitative questionnaires, which relate to the pathological consequences of continuous...more|
|Document Title:||Spanking and Subsequent Behavioral Problems In Toddlers: A Propensity Score-Matched, Prospective Study In Japan.|
|Personal Author:||Okuzono, Sakurako.
|Abstract:||Harsh or frequent spanking in early childhood is an established risk factor for later childhood behavioral problems as well as mental disorder in adulthood in Western societies. However, few studies have been conducted in Asian populations, where corporal punishment is relatively accepted. Moreover, the impacts of occasional spanking on subsequent behavioral problems remain uncertain. This study sought to investigate prospectively the association between the frequency of spanking of toddlers and later behavioral problems in Japanese children using national birth cohort data. We used data from the Longitudinal Survey of Newborns in the 21st Century, a population-based birth cohort data set collected...more|
|Document Title:||Are Proactive and Reactive Aggression Meaningful Distinctions in Adolescents? A Variable- and Person-Based Approach.|
|Personal Author:||Smeets, K. C.
Meer, J. M. J. van der.
Jansen, L. M. C.
Rommelse, N. N. J.
Scheepers, F. E.
Buitelaar, J. K.
|Author Affiliation:||VU University Medical Center Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.|
|Abstract:||This study was designed to examine whether proactive and reactive aggression are meaningful distinctions at the variable- and person-based level, and to determine their associated behavioral profiles. Data from 587 adolescents (mean age 15.6; 71.6 % male) from clinical samples of four different sites with differing levels of aggression problems were analyzed. A multi-level Latent Class Analysis (LCA) was conducted to identify classes of individuals (person-based) with similar aggression profiles based on factor scores (variable-based) of the Reactive Proactive Questionnaire (RPQ) scored by self-report. Associations were examined between aggression factors and classes, and externalizing and internalizing problem behavior scales by parent...more|
|Document Title:||The Measurement of Coping (Chapter 4 in Coping and the Challenge of Resilience).|
|Personal Author:||Frydenberg, Erica.|
|Abstract:||This chapter discusses the measurement of coping and focuses on the following measurement tools: the Adolescent Coping Scale, the Coping Scale for Adults, and the Children’s Coping Scale-Revised. The development of coping measures is explored, as well as the measurement of productive and nonproductive coping and situation-specific coping. It concludes that although much of the psychometrically valid instruments have been used exclusively for research, the tools lend themselves to clinical applications. 2 tables and 42 references.|
|Document Title:||Behavioral Risk Assessment From Newborn to Preschool: The Value of Older Siblings.|
|Personal Author:||Rodrigues, Michelle.
Jenkins, Jennifer M.
|Abstract:||OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the plausibility of a risk prediction tool in infancy for school-entry emotional and behavioral problems. Familial aggregation has been operationalized previously as maternal psychopathology. The hypothesis was tested that older sibling (OS) psychopathology, as an indicator of familial aggregation, would enable a fair level of risk prediction compared with previous research, when combined with traditional risk factors.METHODS: By using a longitudinal design, data on child and family risk factors were collected on 323 infants (M = 2.00 months), all of whom had OSs. Infants were followed up 4.5 years later when both...more|
|Document Title:||Separating the Effects of Child Problems and Parent-Child Interactions on Caregiver Strain.|
|Personal Author:||Frank, Susan J.
Roubal, Kenneth C.
Breitzer, Gerard M.
Godin, Jacqueline L.
|Author Affiliation:||Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.|
|Abstract:||We used questionnaire data collected at intake from 979 parents and guardians of 6-year-old children to 18-year-old children referred to a private outpatient mental health clinic to build on and extend current views of caregiver strain and its relationship to children’s behavioral and emotional problems. First, we offered evidence for the validity of a measure of attachment strain, referring to strains in caregivers’ positive feelings towards their child; and second, we assessed whether parent-child interactions might help to account for robust relationships between child problems and caregiver strain identified in prior studies. Findings were consistent with our conceptualization of attachment strain...more|
|Document Title:||A Longitudinal Study of Emotion Regulation Among Sexually Abused Preschoolers.|
|Personal Author:||Séguin-Lemire, Ariane.
|Abstract:||The aim of the present study was to investigate the evolution of emotion regulation competencies in sexually abused preschoolers. Children's emotion regulation abilities and their emotional lability and negativity were assessed shortly after disclosure of sexual abuse and one year later, and compared to those of non-abused children. A sample of 47 sexually abused (37 girls, 10 boys) and 74 non-abused children (54 girls, 20 boys), aged 3–7 years (M = 56.83 months; SD = 9.55), participated in the study. Parents and daycare educators or teachers completed the Emotion Regulation Checklist (Shields & Cicchetti, 1997) and an adapted version of the...more|
|Document Title:||Future Expectations of Young People Leaving Youth Care in Flanders: The Role of Personal and Social Capital in Coping With Expected Challenges.|
|Personal Author:||Van Audenhove, Sharon.
Laenen, Freya Vander.
|Abstract:||What do young people leaving youth care think about their future? How do they view their transition between youth care and adulthood? These questions were answered by 71 young people leaving youth care in Flanders. The analysis of the interviews showed that three groups of young people can be distinguished when it comes to their expectations regarding the transition: those with positive future expectations that do not expect any difficulties during their transition, those with positive future expectations expecting difficulties that will eventually pass, and those with negative future expectations, who do not expect their transition difficulties will pass. Most respondents...more|
|Document Title:||Coping With Change: Using the Bridge's Transitions Framework with Foster Youth.|
|Personal Author:||Nesmith, Ande.|
|Abstract:||A study assessed the utility and short-term impact of using the Bridge's Transitions Framework with 63 foster youth. Findings provided preliminary evidence that the Transitions Framework may be a promising tool to help foster youth understand how change effects them and ease the strain of transition. after training and immersion into the framework, participating youth were more accepting of their transition experiences and more optimistic that they had the ability to guide their own futures.|
|Document Title:||Emotion Dysregulation As A Mechanism Linking Child Maltreatment Exposure And Self-Harm Behaviors In Adolescents.|
|Personal Author:||Peh, Chao Xu.
Mahesh, Mithila V.
Ong, Say How.
Chong, Siow Ann.
|Abstract:||Although child maltreatment exposure is a recognized risk factor for self-harm, mechanisms underlying this relationship remain unclear. Self-harm may function as a compensatory strategy to regulate distressing emotions. This cross-sectional study examines if emotion dysregulation mediates between the severity of maltreatment exposure and self-harm, adjusting for demographic variables and depressive symptoms. Participants were 108 adolescent patients recruited from a psychiatric hospital in Singapore (mean age 17.0 years, SD = 1.65; 59.3% female). Study measures included the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-SF), Functional Assessment of Self-Mutilation (FASM), Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS), and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-8). Path analysis was conducted...more|
|Document Title:||Measuring Well-Being Among Children and Adolescents in the Public Behavioral Health System: Clinicians' Perspectives on Current Practices.|
|Personal Author:||Anthony, Elizabeth K.
Booth, Jaime M.
|Abstract:||Well-being among children and adolescents in the public behavioral health system is impacted by a range of influences and has the potential to impact assessment and treatment decisions. The current qualitative study explored the perspectives of child/adolescent public behavioral health clinicians. Specifically, the research questions examined 1) how clinicians define and measure child and adolescent well-being in current practice and 2) barriers to the assessment of well-being among children and adolescents in the public behavioral health system. Constant comparative analysis of data from a sample of 21 child/adolescent public behavioral health clinicians suggests 5 themes: Hierarchy of Need; Cultural Relevance; All...more|
|Document Title:||Latent Subtypes of Youth In Psychiatric Residential Care.|
|Personal Author:||Boel-Studt, Shamra M.|
|Abstract:||In current practice, residential care programs in the United States are often more general than specialized with little demonstrated results of effectiveness for different types of youth. Subgroup analyses focused on developing a thorough understanding of the subpopulation of youth served in residential group care have potential to inform targeted program development. Using assessment records of a sample of 447 youth in psychiatric residential treatment, a latent class analysis was performed to identify youth subtypes. The results revealed four classes of youth characterized by severe levels of functional impairment and externalizing behavioral problems. Class distinctions were observed in the areas of...more|
|Document Title:||Having the Normalcy Conversation: Youth Engagement|
|Series Title:||Having the Normalcy Conversation Series|
|Abstract:||Provides a five-step framework to help organizations promote youth engagement in normalcy conversations about the youth’s own care, including strategies to notify, educate, prepare, engage, and get feedback from all stakeholders in the normalcy conversation process. It is intended to be used with the “Having the Normalcy Conversation: Sample Agenda” and the Having the Normalcy Conversation guide.|
|Document Title:||A Kid-Friendly Tool to Assess Rumination in Children and Early Adolescents: Relationships with Mother Psychopathology and Family Functioning.|
|Personal Author:||Baiocco, Roberto.
|Author Affiliation:||Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.|
|Abstract:||The early identification of ruminative processes in children and early adolescents is particularly important to prevent the development of a stable ruminative style in later stages of development. The present study first aimed at validating a child-friendly tool, Kid Rumination Interview (KRI), to be used in a sample aged 7–12 years (n?=?100; 50% females). Second, we hypothesized that maternal depression, family functioning and participants’ emotion regulation skills would be associated with children’ levels of rumination. Factor analysis on KRI scores yielded two main factors: personal life-related rumination and school-related rumination. Older and female participants showed higher tendencies to ruminate about school...more|
|Document Title:||Linking Social Anxiety with Social Competence in Early Adolescence: Physiological and Coping Moderators.|
|Personal Author:||Kaeppler, Alexander K.
Erath, Stephen A.
|Author Affiliation:||Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama.|
|Abstract:||Despite relatively universal feelings of discomfort in social situations, there is considerable evidence for diversity in the social behaviors and peer experiences of socially anxious youth. However, to date, very little research has been conducted with the aim of identifying factors that differentiate socially anxious youth who are more socially competent from those who are less socially competent. The present study addresses this gap in the literature by examining whether physiological and cognitive coping responses to social stress moderate the association between social anxiety and social competence. Participants were a community sample of 123 fifth and sixth graders (Mage = 12.03)....more|
|Document Title:||Prenatal Reflective Functioning and Development of Aggression in Infancy: the Roles of Maternal Intrusiveness and Sensitivity.|
|Personal Author:||Smaling, H. J. A
Huijbregts, S. C. J.
Heijden, K. B. van der.
Hay, D. F.
Goozen, S. H. M. van.
|Author Affiliation:||Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands.|
|Abstract:||Maternal reflective functioning (RF) has been associated with quality of parent-child interactions and child development. This study investigated whether prenatal RF predicted the development of infant physical aggression and whether maternal sensitivity and/or intrusiveness mediated or moderated this association. The sample consisted of 96 first-time mothers (M = 22.57 years, SD = 2.13) and their infants (54 % male). Prenatal RF was measured with an interview, maternal behavior was observed during free play at 6 months post-partum, and infant physical aggression was assessed at 6, 12, and 20 months using maternal reports. Multivariate analyses of variance showed that relatively poor prenatal...more|
|Document Title:||Gendered Pathways From Child Abuse to Adult Crime Through Internalizing and Externalizing Behaviors in Childhood and Adolescence.|
|Personal Author:||Jung, Hyunzee.
Herrenkohl, Todd I.
Lee, Jungeun O.
Hemphill, Sheryl A.
Heerde, Jessica A.
Skinner, Martie L.
|Abstract:||Gender differences in externalizing and internalizing pathways from child abuse to adult crime were examined across four waves of an extended longitudinal study (N = 186 males and 170 females) using multiple-group structural equation modeling. Results show that child abuse was associated with both internalizing and externalizing behaviors in the elementary school years for both males and females. However, gender differences were found such that internalizing behaviors increased the risk of adult crime for females only, and externalizing behaviors increased the risk of adult crime for males only. Internalizing behaviors among males actually lessened the risk of adult crime, and externalizing...more|
|Document Title:||Callous-Unemotional Traits Among Adolescents with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Associations with Parenting.|
|Personal Author:||Graziano, Paulo A.
Willoughby, Michael T.
|Author Affiliation:||Florida International University, Miami, Florida.|
|Abstract:||This study examined the extent to which positive and negative parenting relates to conduct problems (CP) and callous-unemotional (CU) traits among 172 adolescents (72 % males; Mage = 16.91 years, SD = .67) with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and whether CU traits moderate the link between parenting and CP. Mothers reported on their adolescents’ CP, CU traits, and their own parenting practices. Maternal behaviors were observed during a problem-solving communication task. Parents who engaged in more positive parenting (self-reported and observed) reported their adolescents as having lower levels of CU traits. No effect was found for negative parenting. Moderation analyses indicated that lower...more|
|Document Title:||The Role of Socio-Economic Status in Adoption of Coping Strategies Among Adolescents Against Domestic Violence.|
|Personal Author:||Ahmad, Saeed.
Ishtiaq, Sayyeda M.
|Abstract:||In the current study, researchers explored different types of coping strategies such as problem-focused coping, emotion-focused coping, and non-constructive coping of adolescents witnessing and experiencing domestic violence. Furthermore, they tried to find out the association of socio-economic status with coping strategies against domestic violence in family sphere. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 210 adolescents of both sexes, aged 13 to 18 years in Hafizabad city using multistage sampling technique. Multivariate analysis was used to find out the association between adolescents’ resistance and resilience strategies against domestic violence. The information was collected through a structured interview schedule. This study revealed that...more|
|Document Title:||Social Support, Negative Maltreatment-Related Cognitions and Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Children and Adolescents.|
|Personal Author:||Münzer, A.
|Abstract:||Social support by family, friends and significant others is known to buffer the impact of adverse life events on children's well-being and functioning, however little is known about pathways explaining this association. We investigated whether maltreatment-related cognitions mediate the association between social support and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Furthermore, age was introduced as moderator.We assessed the history of maltreatment in 200 maltreated children and adolescents (age 8–17 years) using a semi-structured interview. Participants’ perceived current social support, maltreatment-related negative cognitions related to the subjectively “worst” experience of maltreatment and PTSS during the past month were assessed using self-report questionnaires.A set of...more|
|Document Title:||Strategies Low-Income Parents Use to Overcome Their Children’s Food Refusal.|
|Personal Author:||Goodell, L. Suzanne
Johnson, Susan L.
Antono, Amanda C.
Power, Thomas G.
Hughes, Sheryl O.
|Author Affiliation:||Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina.|
|Abstract:||Introduction Parents play a key role in the development of eating habits in preschool children, as they are the food “gatekeepers.” Repeated exposure to new foods can improve child food preferences and consumption. The objective of this study was to determine parent feeding strategies used to influence child acceptance of previously rejected foods (PRF). Methods We conducted eighteen focus groups (total participants = 111) with low-income African American and Hispanic parents of preschool children (3- to 5-year-olds) in Texas, Colorado, and Washington. Through thematic analysis, we coded transcripts and analyzed coded quotes to develop dominant emergent themes related to strategies used...more|
|Document Title:||Behavioral Profiles Associated with Objective Sleep Duration in Young Children with Insomnia Symptoms.|
|Personal Author:||Calhoun, Susan L.
Vgontzas, Alexandros N.
Mayes, Susan D.
Bixler, Edward O.
|Author Affiliation:||Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania.|
|Abstract:||Based on previous studies reporting on the association of objective sleep duration and physiologic changes (i.e., increased cortisol) in children, we examined the role of objective sleep duration on differentiating behavioral profiles in children with insomnia symptoms. Seven hundred children (ages 5–12, 47.8% male) from the Penn State Child Cohort underwent a nine-hour polysomnography and parent completed Pediatric Behavior Scale. Insomnia symptoms were defined as parent report of difficulty falling and/or staying asleep, sleep disordered breathing as an AHI of ?1, and objective short sleep duration as a total sleep time < 7.7 h. Children with insomnia symptoms demonstrated more overall...more|
|Document Title:||Associations Between Adolescent Experiences Of Violence In Malawi And Gender-Based Attitudes, Internalizing, And Externalizing Behaviors.|
|Personal Author:||Ameli, Vira.
|Abstract:||Little is known about adolescent exposure to and factors associated with violence in Malawi. The aim of this research was to describe the prevalence of exposure to violence among adolescents in Malawi, and test the hypotheses that such exposures are associated with gender-based violent attitudes, and with internalizing and externalizing problems. In 2014, 561 primary school pupils were interviewed (50% girls), and logistic regression analysis was performed on gender-stratified data, adjusting for sociodemographic differences. Both girls and boys had witnessed domestic violence (28.5% & 29.6%), experienced emotional abuse at home (23.1% & 22.9%), physical abuse at home (28.1% & 30.4%), physical...more|
|Document Title:||Residential Mobility Predicts Behavioral Problems for Children Living In Non-Parental Care During The Transition To Kindergarten.|
|Personal Author:||Schmitt, Sara A.
Pratt, Megan E.
Lipscomb, Shannon T.
|Abstract:||The present study examines the extent to which residential mobility during the transition to kindergarten (cumulative moves during prekindergarten and kindergarten) is related to externalizing and internalizing behavior problems for children from low-income families who are living in non-parental care. A second, exploratory aim of this study was to investigate whether family service receipt moderated these relations. Data were obtained from the Head Start Impact Study. The sample included 300 children (53% male) who were eligible for Head Start. Residential mobility was conceptualized as three dichotomous variables: never moved, moved 1–2 times, and moved 3 or more times during the prekindergarten...more|
|Document Title:||The Association between Maternal Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence and Emotional and Behavioral Problems in Spanish Children and Adolescents.|
|Personal Author:||López-Soler, Concepción.
|Author Affiliation:||University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.|
|Abstract:||This correlational cross-sectional study was designed to investigate whether the intimate partner violence (IPV) suffered by mothers (physical and psychological maltreatment), the neglect suffered by children, and the maltreatment (physical and psychological) directly suffered by children are statistically associated with an increase in the probability of the child’s suffering psychopathological problems. The sample consisted of 189 Spanish children aged 6 to 17 and their mothers, recruited from Centers of Specialized Assistance for Women Victims of IPV. The results of a canonical correlation analysis showed that the most significant problems suffered by the children were both externalizing and internalizing ones. In girls,...more|
|Document Title:||Putting All of the Pieces Together: A Locality Creates a Comprehensive System of Care (Chapter 7 in Transforming Children's Mental Health Policy into Practice: Lessons from Virginia and Other States' Experiences Creating and Sustaining Comprehensive Systems of Care).|
|Personal Author:||Cohen, Robert.
Hazel, William A., Jr.
|Abstract:||This chapter explores the historical context that provided a foundation for collaboration and success in implementing Virginia’s Comprehensive Services Act for At-Risk Youth and Families (CSA) legislation within Hampton, Virginia. It describes Hampton’s System of Care service delivery, values, programs, and outcomes. Themes that have helped Hampton move away from a child-serving agency system to a community-driving system of care are outlined. 1 table. (Author abstract modified)|
|Document Title:||Concurrent and Short-Term Prospective Relations Among Neurocognitive Functioning, Coping, and Depressive Symptoms in Youth.|
|Personal Author:||Evans, Lindsay D.
Kouros, Chrystyna D.
|Abstract:||The present short-term longitudinal study examined the concurrent and prospective relations among executive functioning (i.e., working memory and cognitive flexibility), coping (primary and secondary control coping), and depressive symptoms in children. Participants were 192 children between 9 and 15 years old (M age = 12.36 years, SD = 1.77) recruited from the community. Youth were individually administered neuropsychological measures of executive functioning and intelligence and completed self-report measures of executive dysfunction, coping, and depressive symptoms in small groups; the latter two measures were completed again 4 months later (Time 2 [T2]). Linear regression analyses were used to examine direct associations among...more|
|Document Title:||A New Way: Building a Program Around the Child (Chapter 6 in Transforming Children's Mental Health Policy into Practice: Lessons from Virginia and Other States' Experiences Creating and Sustaining Comprehensive Systems of Care).|
|Personal Author:||Cohen, Robert.
Hazel, William A., Jr.
|Abstract:||This chapter describes the success of the CSA in Hampton, Virginia, in transitioning foster children and adolescents out of residential care institutions into therapeutic foster care or reuniting them with their biological families. Components of the specialized Intensive Foster Care program are discussed and the advocacy and care of one foster parent, Mark Hinson, is highlighted.|
|Document Title:||Reviewing the Literature on the Breakdown of Foster Care Placements for Young People: Complexity and the Social Work Task.|
|Personal Author:||Harkin, Christine.