Parenting Under the Influence: The Effects of Opioids, Alcohol and Cocaine on Mother-Child Interaction.
Slesnick, Natasha. Feng, Xin. Brakenhoff, Brittany. Brigham, Gregory S.
The Ohio State University.
Published: online 15 February 2014
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Nearly 20% of adults receiving treatment for a substance use disorder live with their minor children and women in drug use treatment are twice as likely as men to have children in their household. Parental drug use impacts the family through reduced family resources such as money and food, and researchers consistently note parenting deficits among substance users. Little is known about differences in parenting and mother-child interaction among mothers with different drugs of choice or among mothers of older children, between 8 to 16 years. This study reports the findings from a sample of treatment seeking opioid, alcohol and cocaine using mothers and their 8-16 year old child. Findings from a mother-child observational task and self-reported parenting measure indicated less undermining autonomy and mother maternal acceptance among opioid compared to alcohol addicted mothers. African American mothers were observed to have fewer negative interactional behaviors than Whites and both African American mothers and children self-reported higher firm control and maternal acceptance. Overall, mothers appeared to struggle with effective discipline with older versus younger children. Findings offer useful information to clinicians seeking to effectively tailor their interventions to women and children who present with different drugs of abuse, race/culture and developmental stage of child. (Author abstract)
substance abusing mothers; mother child relationships; parenting; older children