The Methamphetamine Problem in the United States.
Gonzales, Rachel. Mooney, Larissa. Rawson, Richard A.
Annual Review of Public Health
Vol. 31 , p. 385-98
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Significant public health problems associated with methamphetamine (MA) production and use in the United States have emerged over the past 25 years; however, there has been considerable controversy about the size of the problem. Epidemiological indicators have provided a mixed picture. National surveys of the adult U.S. population and schoolbased populations have consistently been used to support the position that MA use is a relatively minor concern. However, many other data sources, including law- enforcement groups, welfare agencies, substance abuse treatment program admissions, criminal justice agencies, and state/county executives indicate that MA is a very significant public health problem for many communities throughout much of the country. In this article, we describe (a) the historical underpinnings of the MAproblem, (b) epidemiological trends in MA use, (c) key subgroups at risk for MA problems, (d ) the health and social factors associated with MA use, (e) interventions available for addressing the MA problem, and ( f ) lessons learned from past efforts addressing the MA problem. (Author abstract)
methamphetamine; substance abuse; incidence; statistics; child health; health services