Historical Trauma Among Urban American Indians: Impact on Substance Abuse and Family Cohesion.
Wiechelt, Shelly A. Gryczynski, Jan. Johnson, Jeannette L. Caldwell, Diana.
University of Maryland.
Journal of Loss and Trauma: International Perspectives on Stress and Coping
Vol. 17, No. 4 , p. 319-336
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Historical trauma theory suggests that many American Indians are still affected by the cultural losses and injustices endured by previous generations. The current study examines historical trauma in an urban American Indian sample using validated measures of historical loss and associated symptoms (N = 120). Urban American Indians reported high degrees of historical trauma compared to reservation samples in past research. Generalized linear models showed that historical trauma symptoms were significantly associated with past month alcohol use, lifetime use of non-marijuana illicit drugs, and lower family cohesion. However, frequent thoughts about historical losses were positively associated with family cohesion. Implications are discussed. (Author abstract)
trauma; Native Americans; substance abuse; mental health; co-occurrence; family relationships