Flying the Coop: ICWA and the Welfare of Indian Children. (Chapter 13 in Outsiders Within: Writing on Transracial Adoption.)
Stark, Heidi Kiiwetinepinesiik. Stark, Kekek Jason Todd.
Chapter in Book
South End Press
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Cambridge, MA 02139-4146
The history of child welfare policy relating to American Indians is traced, including the removal of children from their homes beginning in the 1880s and the Indian Adoption Project in the 1950s. The passage of the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA), procedural elements of the ICWA, and efforts by tribes to reclaim and reassert jurisdiction over American Indian child welfare are discussed. 57 references.
Native Americans; transracial adoption; ICWA; Removing child from home; parental rights