Social Work Practices for Young People with Complex Needs: An Integrative Review.
Almqvist, Anna-Lena. Lassinantti, Kitty.
Division of Sociologi, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
Published: June 2018
Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal
Vol. 35, No. 3 , p. 207-219
Springer International Publishing AG
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New York, NY 10013
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The aim of this integrative review is to investigate research of social work practices for adolescents and young adults with complex needs. The research questions are: What are the major themes in studies of practices for young people with complex needs? How do studies suggest that complex needs can be met in ways that are beneficial for young people? A young person with complex needs is in this review defined as an adolescent or young adult who, due to mental ill-health in combination with different types of social vulnerabilities, is receiving assistance from multiple welfare services. Searches were conducted in seven databases. These searches resulted in a sample of 1677 records, published 2007–2016, which in the screening process were reduced to 24 publications, all peer-reviewed articles. The participants in the studies in the articles consisted of young people, parents and professionals from mainly Anglo-Saxon countries. The articles were analyzed with qualitative summative content analysis. Three empirically generated themes were found in studies of work practices targeting young people with complex needs: collaboration-, relationship- and empowerment-oriented practices. In conclusion, the practices contain a wide variety of features, but with the joint aim of acknowledging young people’s needs. The results can be used by practitioners and policymakers to further the development of services for youth with mental ill-health and social vulnerabilities, who use multiple welfare services. (Author abstract)
adolescents; mental health services; young adults; foster adolescents; child welfare services; empowerment; interagency collaboration; service integration; crossover youth