Traversing Two Systems: An Assessment of Crossover Youth in Maryland.
Young, Douglas. Bowley, Alex. Bilanin, Jeanne. Ho, Amy.
Institute for Governmental Service and Research.
x, 139 p.
Published: August 2014
Sponsoring Organization: National Institute of Justice. Office of Justice Programs.
The review of State and local practices with such youth identified preliminary signs of progress within a general context of inattention to their distinctive risk, needs, and treatment. Consistent with prior studies, quantitative analyses that compared samples of crossover youth (n=526) and delinquency-only youth (n=601) showed that crossover youth were chronically involved in the juvenile justice system, having their first arrest at an earlier age and with more arrests and referrals than non-crossover youth. The most stark differences between crossover and delinquency-only groups were on objective indicators of mental health needs. Analyses of Baltimore City crossover youth (n=200) and a dependency-only sample (n=200) determined that the crossover group had different and more persistent family problems, more out-of-home placements, and longer length of placement. Regarding Maryland’s response to this issue, several State-led initiatives are promising, as they have incorporated practices promoted in the crossover-youth practice literature; however, none of the programs specifically address this group. Local efforts have involved information-sharing, collaborative case reviews, and joint attendance at court hearings on crossover cases. Approximately 60 percent of survey respondents reported using routines for identifying crossover youth, providing cross-system notifications on proceedings, and holding family and multidisciplinary team meetings for crossover cases. The study findings indicate a consensus need for more focused efforts on crossover youth in Maryland. Extensive tables and figures and 68 references. (Author abstract)
Maryland; mental health services; mental disorders; identification; assessment; crossover youth; juvenile delinquency; foster adolescents