Youth in Group Home Care: Youth Characteristics and Predictors of Later Functioning.
Chow, Wai-Ying. Mettrick, Jennifer E. Stephan, Sharon H. Von Waldner, Christina A.
Published: October 2014
The Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research
Vol. 40, No. 4 , p. 503-519
This paper presents the findings of an exploratory research study of foster care youth residing in group homes in a mid-Atlantic state in the USA. The aims of the present study were to (1) describe youth characteristics, (2) explore whether baseline functioning differed by gender or ethnicity, (3) explore predictors of cross-time differences in psychosocial functioning, and (4) explore predictors of later functioning, specifically age, gender, and length of stay. Psychosocial functioning at two time points (i.e., T1?=?admission into group home; T2?=?current or discharge) in 180 charts from 29 randomly selected group homes were reviewed. Youth were on average 14.86 years of age, predominantly male (71 %; n?=?128), and predominantly African American (79 %). Findings suggest that group home placement may benefit some youth but not others, particularly girls and younger children with lower initial level of need. Findings underscore the potential complexity of intervention impact in the context of unique youth, family, and environment factors. (Author abstract)
foster adolescents; group homes; sequelae; predictor variables; well being; resilience; length of stay; age factors; Human sex differences; environmental influences