The Association Between Psychosocial Well-Being and Living Environments; A Case of Orphans in Rwanda.
Caserta, Tehetna Alemu. Pirttilä-Backman, Anna-Maija. Punamäki, Raija-Leena.
Published: May 2017
Child and Family Social Work
Vol. 22, No. 2 , p. 881-891
John Wiley & Sons
111 River Street
Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774
This study examined how various living environments (child-headed households, orphanages, street children and foster homes), quality of care and demographic factors were associated with the psychosocial well-being of orphans in Rwanda by using a sample of 430 participants. Results indicated that children in orphanages exhibited higher levels of emotional well-being and lower levels of mental distress and risk-taking behaviour than others. Decision-making ability was the highest among child-headed households, while it was the lowest among those in orphanages. Quality of care, such as meal availability and length of time spent in a particular living environment, along with demographic factors, such as age and sex, were also important predictors of psychosocial well-being. (Author abstract)
well being; environmental influences; foster care; residential care institutions; foster children; orphans; group homes; behavior problems; predictor variables