Memo From CalYOUTH: Early Findings on the Relationship Between Extended Foster Care and Youths’ Outcomes at Age 19.
Chapin Hall Issue Brief
Courtney, Mark E. Okpych, Nathanael J.
Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago. California Youth Transitions to Adulthood Study (CalYOUTH).
Published: March 2017
Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago
1313 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
This brief provides an early look at the relationship between extended foster care and selected outcomes for youth transitioning to adulthood from care in California. Examining outcomes observed when young people participating in the California Youth Transitions to Adulthood Study (CalYOUTH) were nineteen years old, evidence is found that remaining in extended care is associated with a number of benefits for young adults. Data used for this report come from the first and second waves of interviews with youth participating in CalYOUTH, administrative records from California’s Child Welfare Services/Case Management System (CWS/CMS), and college enrollment records from the National Student Clearinghouse (NSC). The study assessed the relationship between how long youth remained in care past their 18th birthday and selected outcomes that were measured at the time of the second interview with the youths. Findings indicate each additional year in care more than doubles the estimated odds that a youth will obtain a secondary education credential and nearly triples the estimated odds that a youth will enroll in college. An extra year in care past the 18th birthday also more than doubles the estimated odds that a youth will have financial assets. Among those youth with assets, an additional year in care increases the estimated amount of assets by over $800. Each additional year in care reduces the estimated number of economic hardships a youth experiences by almost one- third. Finally, an additional year in care reduces by more than half the estimated odds that a youth becomes homeless or couchsurfs, reduces the odds of receipt of CalFresh benefits by nearly half, and halves the estimated odds that a youth will be convicted of a crime. 11 references. (Author abstract modified)
extended foster care; foster adolescents; postsecondary education; academic achievement; family income; homelessness; outcomes; resilience; economic self sufficiency; California