Effects of Foster Care and Juvenile Justice Involvement on Early Adult Outcomes: A Study of Cleveland's Youth.
Policy Research Brief.
Coulton, Claudia. Crampton, David. Cho, Youngmin. Kim, Seok-Joo.
Case Western Reserve University. Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences.
Published: November 2015
National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership (NNIP)
Sponsoring Organization: This study was funded by the Annie E. Casey Foundation, as part of the National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership’s Integrated Data Systems (IDS) demonstration project.
This report presents the findings of a study the examined what is happening to Cleveland’s youth from 9th grade until age 21 and how involvement in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems affect their success. Specifically the study examined the incidence of system involvement among high school age youth in Cleveland, how youth aging out of foster care and youth dually involved in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems compare to youth who are not system-involved on their probability of high school graduation, matriculation in colleges and universities, employment, and incidences of homelessness and local incarceration, and risk factors that can be identified in earlier years that are predictive of problematic outcomes for system involved youth. The study involved 10,086 youth who were enrolled for the first time in 9th grade in 2006- 2008 and were born after January 1, 1991. The study found that system-involved youth are at elevated risk compared to their non- involved peers for poor high school performance and attendance, unemployment, homelessness and incarceration in local jail. Implications of the findings are discussed and the need for programming beginning in 9th grade is emphasized. 4 tables and 17 references.
Ohio; risk factors; academic achievement; juvenile delinquency; foster adolescents; homelessness; aging out; independent living skills; employment; imprisonment