Findings From the California Youth Transitions to Adulthood Study (CalYOUTH): Conditions of Foster Youth at Age 19: Los Angeles County Report.
Courtney, Mark E. Harty, Justin. Kindle, Brittani. Dennis, Kristin. Okpych, Nathanael J. García, Adrianna Torres.
Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago.
Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago
1313 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
This report presents findings from a study that is exploring whether extending foster care past age 18 influence youth’s outcomes during the transition to adulthood in Los Angeles County, factors that influence the types of support youth receive during the transition to adulthood in the context of extended foster care, and how living arrangements and other services that result from extending foster care influence the relationship between extending care and youth outcomes. Data was drawn from a second round of interviews with 84 participants in the CalYOUTH in Los Angeles County. Findings indicate: about 74% of respondents were in foster care at the time of their Wave 2 interview; the largest proportion of youth who left care left by their own request, followed by young people who exited to legal permanency; on average participants are faring poorly compared to their age peers in terms of their educational experiences, employment history, physical and mental health, and involvement with the criminal justice system; many of these youth are in college, are working at least part time, and have no serious health problems to challenge their progress, while others suffer from multiple challenges to a successful transition to adulthood and may require intensive support for many years; the vast majority report having supportive relationships with multiple adults and being generally satisfied with the support they receive; and just under three-quarters of the participants that were interviewed when they were 16-17 years old were still in care and saw extended care as supporting them in their life goals. Opportunities for improving California’s approach to extended foster care are discussed. 100 tables and numerous references.
foster adolescents; aging out; extended foster care; academic achievement; independent living skills; juvenile delinquency; youth services; well being; surveys; studies; California; outcomes