Child Welfare: Profiles of Current and Former Older Foster Youth Based on the National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD).
CRS Report for Congress ; R43752.
Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
Published: October 6, 2014
Federation of American Scientists (FAS)
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This report provides summary and detailed data about current and former foster youth, as reported by States to the Department of Health and Human Services via the National Youth in Transition Database (NYTD). Information is included for served youth in FY 2011 through FY 2013 and for follow-up youth for FY 2013. Findings indicate: between 97,000 and 120,000 youth received independent living services in each of FY 2011 through FY 2013, and the median age of these youth was 18; in each of the three years, and the most common independent living services youth received were academic support, career preparation, and education about housing and home management. Data from over 27,000 follow-up youth who were surveyed about their outcomes at age 19 are also reported and indicate about one-third of youth were working full time and/or part time, 54% were enrolled in school, almost all of the youth had a positive connection with an adult who could serve in a mentoring or substitute parent role, most youth had not experienced homelessness or incarceration in their lifetimes, and the majority of youth had Medicaid or some other health insurance. Youth who were no longer in foster care, however, tended to have more negative outcomes on certain indicators. For example, youth in foster care were much less likely to report ever having been homeless compared to youth who left care (11% versus 24%), and they were less likely to report having ever been incarcerated compared to these same peers (14% versus 29%). 2 figures and 2 tables. (Author abstract modified)
foster care alumni; foster adolescents; outcomes; aging out; independent living skills; health insurance