Literature Review: Best Practices in Transitioning Youth Out of Care. Successful Transitions, Success as Adults.
Dewar, LeeAnne. Goodman, Deborah.
Published: March 2014
Ontario Association of Children's Aid Societies
75 Front Street East, 2nd floor
Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5E 1V9, Tel: 416-987-7725
This literature review examines the practice literature and correlates the findings on best practices for youth transitioning out of care that realize successful outcomes for them as adults. Within this framework, this literature and practice knowledge review has two components: identification of areas that are barriers to youth achieving positive outcomes in their transition from care; and identification of existing evidence-informed/based approaches and successful programs that assisted youth to successfully transition. The literature review was geared primarily to the last decade (2005 to 2014). Findings indicate that a lack of supportive relationships, educational challenges, housing instability, and economic challenges are barriers to youth in care successfully transitioning from care. Essential elements for to achieving positive outcomes for youth transitioning to adulthood are also identified and include: youth have strong relationships with families who are committed to them; provide ongoing educational supports that include employment readiness and career planning; ensure youth have access to quality housing with financial assistance; incorporate effective "readiness planning for adulthood", including job skills, life skills and financial management training. 32 references.
foster adolescents; foster care alumni; independent living; independent living skills; evidence based practice; outcomes; barriers; promising practices; literature reviews