Prevalence of Substance Use, Housing Instability, and Self-Perceived Preparation for Independence Among Current and Former Foster Youth.
Greeno, Elizabeth J. Lee, Bethany R. Tuten, Michelle. Harburger, Deborah.
University of Maryland School of Social Work, Baltimore, Maryland.
Published: August 2019
Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal
Vol. 36, No. 6 , p. 409-418
Springer International Publishing AG
233 Spring Street
New York, NY 10013
Tel: 212-460-1500 800-SPRINGER
This study assesses prevalence of substance use, and the impact of housing instability. and independence preparation on substance use in two samples: youth currently in-care and former foster youth. Both samples were from a mid-Atlantic state with youth currently in-care residing in rural jurisdictions and former foster youth residing in the state's largest urban jurisdiction. A cross-sectional design utilizing paper and web-based surveys was used to collect data. Findings indicate youth in-care are consuming substances that are on average with national prevalence statistics. However, former foster youth are consuming substances at alarmingly high rates well above the national prevalence. A high rate of housing instability after leaving child welfare was reported for former foster youth. In addition, greater preparation for independence among former foster youth was associated with less substance usage. Implications for social work practice, independence preparation, and life skills classes are presented. (Author abstract)
foster adolescents; foster care alumni; risk factors; substance abuse; Incidence; homelessness; independent living skills; placement disruption