Ethics and the Endangerment of Children's Bodies.
Graf, Gunter. Schweiger, Gottfried.
vii, 283 p.
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This book addresses the endangerment of children’s bodies in affluent societies and uses an ethical point of view to examine the violation of bodily integrity of children with a focus on the issues of eating, sexuality, and violence. The capability approach is applied to all of these issues to examine the cases, extent, and depth of the problem, ethical issues that are involved and how the threats in question violate children’s bodily integrity in the three dimensions of health, agency, and self-relations. It also considers how certain agencies of justice should respond. Following an introduction, Chapter 2 introduces and argues for a theory of justice of children based on the capability approach, and discusses the issue of gender in relation to bodily integrity and the concept of agents of justice for children. Chapter 3 focuses on the endangerment of children’s bodies in relation to eating and nutrition. It describes the available evidence on childhood obesity and discusses it effects on the health, agency, and self-relations of the affected children. Eating disorders such as Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge-Eating Disorder are also addressed. Chapter 4 is concerned with children’s capacity of sexuality as part of their bodily integrity. Two different threats to children’s bodily integrity are discussed: the sexualization of childhood and sexual abuse. The negative influence of the media and the ubiquitous availability of pornography are described. Chapter 5 addresses the issue of violence and physical abuse and the impact on children’s agency and self-relations. The final chapter explains that the different and changing threats children face demand a multifaceted and multilateral approach to their protection which must encompass both parents and the state. Numerous references.
child abuse; child neglect; child protection; ethics; eating disorders; nutrition; violence; sexual abuse; sexuality; mass media; child health; self concept; identity development; CHILD PORNOGRAPHY; PORNOGRAPHY