Minnesota’s Out-of-Home Care and Permanency Report, 2017: Children and Family Services.
Minnesota. Child Safety and Permanency Division.
State Resource Technical Report
Published: November 2018
Minnesota Child Safety and Permanency Division
Department of Human Services PO Box 64943
St. Paul, MN 55164-094
The annual report provides information on children placed in out-of-home care in Minnesota in 2017, and highlights the work that happens across the State to ensure and promote the safety, permanency, and well-being of children who experience out-of-home care. Information is provided on placement in out-of-home care, supervision and case management, leaving out-of-home care, adoptions, and post placement services and outcomes. Findings indicate: there were 16,593 children in 17,241 out-of-home care episodes who experienced one or more days in out-of-home care in 2017, a 10.6% increase from 2016; there were 7,482 children who entered out-of-home care; there were 9,413 children who continued in out-of-home care, a 21% increase from 2016; parental drug abuse continued to be the most common primary reason for new out-of-home care episodes, accounting for 2,260 new episodes or 29%; compared to White children, American Indian children were 18.5 times more likely to experience care and African-American children were over 3 times more likely to experience care; the most common settings experienced by children who entered care were family foster homes, with just over 80% of children spending some time in that type of setting; there were 6,978 unique children in 7,194 placement episodes that ended in 2017; 64.1% of placements that ended in 2017 were because children were able to safely return home to their parents or other primary caregivers; 21.7% of continuous placement episodes ended with children being adopted, or transfer of permanent legal and physical custody to a relative; adoptions were finalized for 955 children; for American Indian children under jurisdiction of tribal court, 70 had a customary tribal adoption, a 63% increase from 2016; and re-entry into foster care in 2017 was 17.2%, much higher than the federal performance standard of 8.3%. 26 figures, 14 tables, and 16 references.
Minnesota; statistics; foster children; out of home care; adoption; child placement; kinship care; placement stability; racial factors; child neglect; substance abusing parents; risk factors; family reunification