Psychometric Properties of the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale in Treatment-Seeking Post-9/11 Veterans.
Bui, Eric. Zakarian, Rebecca J. Laifer, Lauren M. Sager, Julia C. Chen, Yang. Cohen, Shiri. Simon, Naomi M. Ohye, Bonnie.
Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
Published: February 2017
Journal of Child and Family Studies
Vol. 26, No. 12 , p. 464-470
Springer International Publishing AG
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New York, NY 10013
Tel: 212-460-1500 800-SPRINGER
Although evidence suggests deployment-related stress impacts parenting, few measures of parenting competency have been validated in returning post-9/11 veterans. As part of clinical care in a multidisciplinary clinic serving veterans and military families, 178 treatment-seeking OEF/OIF/OND veterans completed measures including the 16-item Parenting Sense of Competence Scale (PSOC), a widely-used measure of parental efficacy and satisfaction; the Family Assessment Device—general functioning subscale; and the depression, anxiety, and stress scale. Utilizing data from an IRB-approved de-identified data repository, we examined the psychometrics and factor structure of the PSOC. According to a proposed clinical cut-off, 10?% of our clinical sample of veterans exhibited low self-confidence in parenting. A confirmatory factor analysis of the 2-factor structure introducing correlated error terms between items 3 and 9, and between items 10 and 11, revealed to be a satisfactory fit to the data (? 2 /df?=?1.57, RMSEA?=?0.056 [90?% CI 0.039–0.073]; CFI?=?0.928; TLI?=?0.914; SRMR?=?0.055). In addition, the PSOC exhibited good convergent validity with measures of parental distress (r?=??.22, p?0.01 with anxiety symptoms, and r?=??.33, p?.001 with depressive symptoms) and family functioning (r?=??.53, p?.0001), very good temporal stability (r?=?.81, p?.0.0001), and excellent internal consistency (??=?.85). The PSOC exhibited satisfactory psychometric properties in treatment-seeking veterans and may be used by clinicians and researchers to assess parenting sense of competence, including satisfaction and sense of efficacy, in this population. (Author abstract)
psychometrics; parenting skills; military personnel; family reunification; parental stress; evaluation methods; validity; self concept; depression; anxiety