Expanding the Conceptualization of Re-Entry: The Inter-Play Between Child Welfare and Juvenile Services.
Shipe, Stacey L. Shaw, Terry V. Betsinger, Sara. Farrell, Jill L.
Published: August 2017
Children and Youth Services Review
Vol. 79 , p. 256-262
3251 Riverport Lane
Maryland Heights, MO 63043
Re-entry in child welfare is traditionally viewed as a child exiting to permanency and then reentering the child welfare system. Using this approach is effective for understanding child welfare practice from a single-system lens, but gives an incomplete picture of how children may move between related child serving systems. The present study expands the definition of re-entry by examining re-entry for 2259 children who either return to the child welfare system or move into the juvenile justice system after reunification from foster care. When measuring a broader concept of re-entry (into either system) the rate of re-entry went from 18% to 25% - a 33% increase. Regression analyses further suggested that many of the risk and protective factors associated with standard child welfare reentry were also predictive of multisystem re-entry such as having previous child welfare experience (OR = 1.79, p < 0.000), and child behavior as a factor at removal (OR = 1.75, p < 0.000). Findings of this study support the need to continue increasing the conceptualization of re-entry to be more inclusive of related systems as well as continuing to focus research efforts on understanding effective practices within child serving systems so that re-entry into either system is mitigated. (Author abstract)
foster children; child welfare services; reentry; definitions; juvenile delinquency; crossover youth; family reunification; risk factors; resilience; child behavior