Practice Guidelines Supporting Open Adoption in Families Headed by Lesbian and Gay Male Parents: Lessons Learned From the Modern Adoptive Families Study.
Brodzinsky, David. Goldberg, Abbie.
Donaldson Adoption Institute.
Permission to Copy
Published: May 2016
This report discusses the findings of the Modern Adoptive Families Study (MAF) that compared the extent of contact and pattern of contact dynamics with birth families for adoptive families headed by lesbian and gay male (LG) and heterosexual parents. Data were collected through an online survey of over 1,600 non-kinship adoptive parents. Findings indicate: families adopting from private agencies were significantly more likely to have contact with the birth family; no differences in contact were found for heterosexual and LG parents whose older child was adopted from the child welfare system or from a private domestic agency; gay men reported having more post-placement contact with one or more members of the birth family compared to either heterosexual or lesbian parents; for child welfare adoptions, gay men reported more face-to-face contact with the birth family than either heterosexual or lesbian parents; families adopting from private domestic agencies more often reported being in current contact with birth families than those adopting from the child welfare system; for child welfare adoptions, there was a trend for gay men to report better relationships with birth families than lesbian parents, with heterosexual parents in between the two groups; and families adopting from the child welfare system had more concerns about future contact related to circumstances known about the birth family or circumstances related to the child’s separation from them than those adopting from private agencies, they also had more concerns about possible negative impact of contact on their family. Recommendations are made for sharing information about sexual orientation. 39 references.
open adoption; gay and lesbian adoption; agency practice; human sex differences; predictor variables; guidelines; adoption triads