Responding to Illegal Adoptions: A Professional Handbook.
International Social Service.
This report draws on a 2012 study on illegal intercountry adoption cases to provide professionals information on illegal adoption and offer guidelines for responding to illegal adoption cases. It is structured around four main chapters, each focusing on the potential responses available to a finding of an illegal adoption from a specific standpoint: legal, psychosocial, social and political. Personal testimonies are woven into the chapters, along with case studies to offer additional guidance and jurisprudence reasoning for undertaking other possible litigation. Likewise, multiple promising practices illustrating initiatives to address potential difficulties successfully, creatively and sustainably are provided. Following an introductory chapter, Chapter 2 examines whether international and regional law offers answers concerning the rights to search for information and possible legal actions, including compensation, if a finding of illegal practice comes to light. Selected national experiences are showcased that may be helpful for others in similar situations. Chapter 3 explores the potential ramifications of undertaking searches for roots and discovering illicit practices, and Chapter 4 deals with the various behaviors, activities, and interactions of individuals, as well as of society, in response to illegal adoptions. Chapter 5 identifies the responsibilities of various actors depending on the nature of the illegal adoption, who is undertaking the search, and who was potentially involved. The promising practices highlight ways in which receiving States and States of origin can cooperate to address this situation. The final chapters examine how the lessons learned in relation to adoptions might help to address some of the challenges faced by professionals working in international surrogacy arrangements, and offer recommendations. 467 references.
adopted children; intercountry adoption; adoption fraud; background information disclosure; black market adoption; ethics; wrongful adoption; guidelines; child welfare workers; professional conduct