Intercountry Adoption in the UK: Towards an Ethical Foreign Policy.
Kent Univ. (United Kingdom).
Chapter in Book
Publication Information: In: Selman, P. (Editor). Intercountry Adoption: Developments, Trends and Perspectives. British Agencies for Adoption and Fostering, London (England).
Available from: British Association for Adoption & Fostering (BAAF)
Safron House 6-10 Kirby STreet
London EC1N 8TS, SE1 0LX, England
Tel: 020 7520 0300
This chapter explores the ethical implications of intercountry transracial adoption and the level of support provided to children adopted from other countries. Intercountry transracial adoptions have similar consequences to domestic transracial adoptions regarding concerns about the racial and ethnic identity of the child, and the sensitivity of the adoptive family to the culture and values of the country of origin. However, intercountry transracial adoptees are affected more significantly because they live farther from their community of origin and have fewer opportunities to experience their cultural traditions. Proponents of intercountry adoption assert that the benefits outweigh problems with identity development. However, the rescue mindset of adoptive parents tends to minimize the positive elements of the child's culture. Other ethical concerns about intercountry adoption address the disparity between regulations that promote good practice and the resources of sending countries that are expected to implement those requirements. Good intercountry adoption practices, similar to those of domestic adoptions, must also be implemented in the receiving country to protect the child. Recommendations for creating an ethical policy of intercountry adoption are provided. 37 references.
intercountry adoption; public policy; great britain; ethics; transracial adoption; ethnic identity; racial identity; identity development