Intercountry Adoption: Global Trade or Global Gift?
Edinburgh Univ. (Scotland).
Adoption and Fostering
Vol. 24 , 45-54
Publication Information: British Agencies for Adoption and Fostering, London (United Kingdom).
Available from: British Association for Adoption & Fostering (BAAF)
Safron House 6-10 Kirby STreet
London EC1N 8TS, SE1 0LX England
Tel: 020 7520 0300
This article contends that a significant part of intercountry adoption lacks legal, moral, or professional legitimacy. Since the end of World War II, intercountry adoption has evolved from being a predominantly humanitarian response to natural calamities and the destruction caused by wars, to becoming a quest for children for those wishing to create a family or expand one. In the process of doing so, a part of intercountry adoption has become a trade in children, with scant regard paidto children's rights as set out in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. The 1993 Hague Convention has made good progress towards international regulation, but much more needs to be done to stop the major abuses. Finally, the proposition is put forward for all forms of adoption to be practiced eventually on the basis of the gift relationship. 24 references. (Author abstract)
intercountry adoption; ethics; childrens rights; human rights; cultural issues; hague convention; adoption laws