Ethics in Contemporary American Adoption Practice.
Babb, L. A.
Chapter in Book
Publication Information: In: Groza, V. and Rosenberg, K. F. Clinical and Practice Issues in Adoption: Bridging the Gap Between Adoptees Placed as Infants and as Older Children. Bergin and Garvey, Westport, CT.
Available from: Bergin and Garvey
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Westport, CT 06881
This chapter discusses the values, ethics, and standards in contemporary American adoption practice that affect infant, older-child, and international adoptions. The text reviews the historical antecedents of current values in adoption and the standards that currently exist. Research findings from a study of ethical codes of conduct that influence adoption practice are highlighted. The project found that the following standards were common among codes of ethics: the role of the adoption professional in society, client-employee relations, non-discrimination, diligence and due care, communication, objectivity, fees, definition of best interests of the child, contractual relationships, and confidentiality. The effects of ethics codes on birth parents, adoptive parents, and adoptees are explored. The chapter concludes with a recommended model for ethical standards in adoption practice, policy, and service delivery for birth parents, adoptive parents, and adoptees. The model addresses responsibility to clients, integrity, diligence and due care, confidentiality, communication, objectivity, fees, and contractual relationships. 85 references. (Author abstract modified)
clinical intervention; therapeutic intervention; adopted children; infant adoption; older child placement; intercountry adoption; ethics; best practices; adoption services