The Rights of the Child in Domestic and Intercountry Adoption: Ethical Principles and Guidelines for Practice.
International Social Service. American Branch.
Published: July 2004
Publication Information: Baltimore, MD : International Social Service-United States of America Branch.
Available from: International Social Service, United States of America Branch
22 Light St. Suite 200
Baltimore, MD 21202
This document sets forth international adoption ethics and principles developed by the International Resource Centre for the Protection of Children in Adoption. Section 1 emphasizes the need for the child to be the starting point in the process leading up to adoption and stresses that adoption must be embodied in a global policy on the children and the family composed of an array of measures. Included principles state that priority must go to allowing children to be raised in their own family and that poverty alone should not be a criterion for severing a child's bonds with his/her birth family. In addition, the principles state children should be placed for adoption in his/her own country or in a cultural, linguistic, and religious environment akin to his/her community origin, before a decision for intercountry adoption is made. Additional principles address eligibility to adopt, pre-placement preparation, confidentiality, and search for origins. Section 2 sets out guidelines to ensure that ethics and principles are respected in practice. Guidelines address adoptability of the child, study of the child and his/her birth family, development of a life plan for the child, child reports for adoption purposes, eligibility to adopt, and matching a child to a particular family. The final section defines protagonists directly involved in adoption procedures and discusses their roles in the adoption process.
iss; adoption; intercountry adoption; adoption guides; promising practices; guidelines; ethics; childrens rights