Birth Parents as Victims of Trafficking in Intercountry Adoption (Chapter 11 in The Intercountry Adoption Debate: Dialogues Across Disciplines).
Roby, Jini L. Brown, Taylor W.
Chapter in Book
Cambridge Scholars Publishing
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This chapter makes the argument that birth mothers can be considered victims of human trafficking if there is clear evidence of exploitation, force, fraud, or coercion during the adoption process. Relying on the Palermo Protocol’s definition of human trafficking, it is asserted that recent cases involving the exploitation of birth mothers would legally constitute trafficking. The chapter concludes that intercountry adoption should be used as a last resort and more highly regulated by both the sending and receiving countries. 89 references.
INTERCOUNTRY ADOPTION; TRANSCULTURAL ADOPTION; TRANSRACIAL ADOPTION; ADOPTED CHILDREN; BIRTH MOTHERS; HUMAN TRAFFICKING; ADOPTION FRAUD; PUBLIC POLICY ON ADOPTION