Division of Labor and Relationship Quality Among Male Same-Sex Couples Who Became Fathers via Surrogacy.
Tornello, Samantha L. Kruczkowski, Stacy M. Patterson, Charlotte J.
Published: July-September 2015
Journal of GLBT Family Studies
Vol. 11, No. 4 , p. 375-394
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Little is known about the family lives of male same-sex couples who become fathers via surrogacy. In a study of 52 male same-sex couples who became parents through surrogacy, we examined couples’ reported division of unpaid labor, relationship quality, and the associations between these two factors. We found these men reported dividing both household and child care labor in an egalitarian manner. They also reported wanting this to be the case. Biological linkages between a father and child were not associated with couples’ reports about how unpaid labor was divided. These male same-sex couples reported high levels of relationship quality overall, but those who experienced greater discrepancies between actual and ideal division of labor reported lower relationship quality, specifically less affectional expression and less relationship agreement between the partners. Our results add to the limited empirical research about male same-sex couples who become parents via surrogacy. (Author abstract)
homosexual parents; father child relationships; stepparent adoption; gays; child care; parental role; marital relationships; Surrogate mothers