Adolescent Depression as a Contributing Factor to the Development of Substance Use Disorders.
Taylor, Ozietta D.
Published: July 2011
Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment.
Vol. 21, No. 5 , p. 696-710
Taylor and Francis Group
530 Walnut Street Suite 850
Philadelphia, PA 19106
An exploratory investigation of the variables linking adolescent substance abuse and depression was conducted using the “grounded theory” qualitative research approach. A convenience sample was drawn from African American adolescents, aged 12 to 18 years, who reside in a public housing community in Baltimore, Maryland. The results revealed approximately 5% of the sample openly admitted to using drugs because they are sad, feel like a failure, lack energy and because they have family problems. Moreover, 26% of the respondents reported drinking alcoholic beverages; 26% of the population reported smoking marijuana and 16% of the respondents reported they smoke cigarettes. Additionally, life stressors (i.e. an absent parent from the home, childhood illnesses, family discord, living in kinship or foster care environments, living in single-parent households and unemployment) are adversely impacting the lives of African American adolescents residing in a public housing community. (Author abstract)
depression; substance abuse; risk factors; adolescents; African Americans; alcohol abuse; drug abuse; stress; parental absence; family problems; foster care; single parent families; public housing