Voices From the Community: Cross Cultural Expressions of Grief at the Loss of an Infant.
Shaefer, Sarah J. M. Buckley, Kathleen.
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. National Fetal-Infant Mortality Review Program.
vii, 74 p.
Published: May 2012
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
409 12th Street SW
Washington, DC 20024-2188
Tel: (800) 673-8444 (202) 638-5577
Intended to assist perinatal and pediatric provides helping families of diverse ethnic and cultural backgrounds cope with fetal and infant loss, this document summarizes panel presentations from four National Fetal-Infant Mortality Review Program national conferences held in 1998, 2001, 2004, and 2007. The report begins with a discussion about loss during pregnancy and finance and key factors affecting grief response, including age, family customs and traditions, gender, faith foundation, geographical region, education, economic status, prior experiences with death and loss, and historical background of the culture group. The mourning process is reviewed, and the importance of providing culturally competent care is explained. The continuum of cultural competence is described as a way providers can think about their skill in dealing with culturally diverse families. Following chapters address the unique cultural differences in the grieving process for African American and Caribbean Americans, American Indians, Chinese, Hmong, and Iranians. The following section includes chapters on the grieving process in the Jewish and Muslim religious traditions. The next section discusses the grieving process in the hard of hearing community. For each community, cultural traditions surrounding bereavement are described and service delivery issues are explored. The report concludes that there are similarities and differences in the grieving process for families from different ethnic and cultural backgrounds and emphasizes the importance of providers being aware of their own feelings before reaching out to bereaved families, using active listening skills, and providing appropriate support. A list of resources is provided. Numerous references.
INFANT MORTALITY; CHILD FATALITIES; CULTURAL COMPETENCY; CULTURAL SENSITIVITY; RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATIONS; Asian Americans; RELIGION; GRIEF; Native Americans; African Americans; Hispanics; cultural differences; Hmong