The Impact of the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 on African American Kinship Caregivers: A Policy Analysis.
California State University, Long Beach.
vi, 64 p.
Permission to Copy
Published: May 2016
ProQuest Dissertation and Theses
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This thesis paper shares findings of a study that analyzed the Adoptions and Safe Families Act (ASFA) of 1997 and how it has affected African American kinship caregivers. This study utilized David Gil’s policy analysis framework to analyze the ASFA of 1997 as well as primary and secondary data. This analysis specifically examined whether the provisions within the legislation have provided adequate support to African American kinship caregivers toward accomplishing the intended goal of achieving permanency for foster children. The study also explored how the ASFA of 1997 has impacted parents’ ability to reunify with their children within the time frames set by the policy. In addition, the types of services received, the characteristics of the African American kinship caregivers, the barriers that they come across, and the consequences for this population are discussed. Findings indicate due to the attention given to kinship care by the State, child welfare agencies, and workers, the ASFA greatly contributed to the growth in number of children exiting public foster care and being placed in kinship care. The AFCARS data from fiscal years 1998 to 2013 show a decline in the number of African American children in public foster care, which can be attributed to the children being placed mostly in kinship care. The implications for social work practice and policy are discussed. Numerous references.
FOSTER CARE; PERMANENCY; PUBLIC POLICY; FEDERAL LAWS; ASFA; KINSHIP ADOPTION; KINSHIP CARE; AFRICAN AMERICANS; RACIAL FACTORS