African American children in the child welfare and kinship system : from exclusion to over inclusion.
Smith, Carrie Jefferson. Devore, Wynetta.
International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect.
Syracuse University. School of Social Work.
Published: May 2004
Child abuse and neglect.
Vol. 26 , p. 427-446
Publication Information: New York : Pergamon.
Available from: Elsevier
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African American children have had a unique relationship to the development of the formal child welfare system. Originally excluded from the system, their numbers grew in later years of the system's development. Currently, as a group they represent the largest proportion of children in out-of-home care nationally. This pattern of overrepresentation has extended to the emerging practice of kinship care. Attention is needed to insure that these children are served in a manner that reflects sensitivity to culture as well as serious consideration for the support and permanency of children in kinship families. The purpose of this paper is to describe the relationship of African American children and families to the formal child welfare system and to the practice of kinship care as an integral part of foster care planning in the child welfare system. In addition, it encourages social workers to become more culturally competent practitioners. The evolution of kinship care policy is reviewed and the implication for culturally competent social work practice to enhance the potential for effective permanency planning is considered within an ecological theoretical perspective. (Author abstract)
african americans; foster care; kinship care; racial disproportionality; incidence; incidence; cultural competency; child welfare; permanency planning