The well-being of African American adolescents within formal and informal adoption arrangements.
Gibson, Priscilla A. Nelson-Christinedaughter, Justine. Grotevant, Harold D. Kwon, Hee-Kyung.
Vol. 9, No. 1 Available from: Taylor and Francis Group
530 Walnut Street Suite 850
Philadelphia, PA 19106
This study assessed the well-being of African American adolescents in formal (n = 67) and informal (n = 194) adoption arrangements using Waves I and III of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Controlling for demographic and early risk factors, the outcomes of adolescents in the two adoption groups were more similar than different. Adoption type was not a statistically significant predictor for nine of eleven indicators of adolescent well-being. Significant differences were found on only two indicators: anti-social behavior and adolescents' perception of how much their caregivers and family care about them. Informally adopted youth had more favorable outcomes on these indicators, although the effect sizes were small. Implications of this study are forwarded for policy and practice in child welfare. (Author abstract)
adoption; African Americans; adolescents; well being