Marijuana Use During Pregnancy & Breastfeeding: Topic of the Month.
Minnesota. Department of Health.
Published: November 2, 2016
Minnesota Department of Health
P.O. Box 64975
St. Paul, MN 55164-0975
Tel: 651-201-5000 888-345-0823 (toll-free outside metro area)
Intended for Women, Infants, and Children program staff in Minnesota, this memorandum provides information on the harmful effects of marijuana on developing infants and presents facts on the impact of prenatal marijuana exposure. It notes that there here is no known safe amount of marijuana use during pregnancy, there are negative effects of marijuana, regardless of when during pregnancy it is used, THC passes from mother to the fetus through the placenta, exposing the unborn child, marijuana use during pregnancy may be associated with increased risk of heart defects in exposed offspring and increased risk of stillbirth, and maternal use of marijuana during pregnancy is associated with negative effects on exposed offspring. The ability of THC to pass to the baby through breastmilk is also explained. A summary of key points from a presentation by Dr. Lauren Jansson, MD, Director of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, on perinatal marijuana use and lactation is provided, as well as professional organization’s statements on marijuana use and breastfeeding. Finally, key considerations when discussing marijuana use with WIC participations are listed and an example conversation is included.
PRENATAL DRUG EXPOSURE; PRENATAL INFLUENCES; PREGNANCY; DRUG ABUSE; SUBSTANCE ABUSING MOTHERS; SUBSTANCE EXPOSED INFANTS; INFANT NUTRITION; MINNESOTA