Alcohol Screening and Brief Intervention for Youth: A Practitioner's Guide.
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Publication Distribution Center P.O. Box 10686
Rockville, MD 20849-0686
Intended for practitioners managing the health and well-being of children and adolescents ages 9–18 years, this guide introduces a quick, empirically derived tool for identifying youth at risk for alcohol-related problems. The guide outlines different levels of intervention with tips for topics practitioners should cover, and presents an overview of brief motivational interviewing, an interactive, youth-friendly intervention considered to have the best potential effectiveness for the adolescent population. In addition, the guide aims to help clinicians overcome other common barriers to screening: concerns about confidentiality, a lack of information about coding for counseling about alcohol use, and the challenge of finding adolescent treatment resources for referrals. The guide begins with an introduction that explains the benefits of the assessment, why practitioners should screen for underage drinking, opportunities and clinical indications for screening, and strategies for simplifying the screening process. The following sections describe a four step assessment process that include: ask the two age-specific screening questions (about friends’ drinking, and patient’s drinking frequency); guide patients and reinforce healthy choices for patients who do not drink alcohol or assess the risk of patients who do drink alcohol; advice and assist those at low, moderate, and highest risk of drinking; and continue support at follow-up. Questions are provided for conducting each step of the assessment with different age groups. An appendix provides answers to frequently asked questions about underage drinking patterns and risk assessment, clinical support materials, and a list of additional resources. 61 references.
adolescents; children; program implementation; substance abuse; substance abuse treatment; substance abuse prevention; Drug treatment programs; screening tests; Surveys; guidelines; screening tests; intervention