Evidence-based and Promising Interventions for Preventing Child Fatalities and Severe Child Injuries Related to Child Maltreatment.
Pecora, Peter J.
Published: April 2017
Upbring (formerly Lutheran Social Services of the South)
8305 Cross Park Drive
Austin, TX 78754
Tel: 512-459-1000 800-938-5777
This report summarizes the community conditions, systems factors, evidence-based practices (EBPs), and promising practices that may prevent child fatalities and severe child injuries related to child maltreatment, and outlines future directions for practice and research. It begins with background information on the scope of child fatalities and characteristics of those children, lessons learned from the injury control field, and the importance of surveillance and assessment to prevent child fatalities. Interventions that have been found to prevent child fatalities and severe child injuries are then reviewed. A chart lists the problem area, the interventions used and their level of evidence, and resource websites. Interventions address physical abuse, abusive head injuries, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, child injuries caused by poor supervision, and severe child injury due to poor medical care or lack of proper health care. A following chart identifies interventions to consider for preventing severe child injuries or fatalities that lack adequate evidence of effectiveness. Community and system design strategies to prevent child injuries and fatalities are then described, as well as other possible action strategies based on research and subject matter expert convenings. The brief concludes that there are relatively few evidence-based practices for preventing child fatalities and severe child injuries related to child maltreatment, however, there are promising interventions and a wide range of community, policy and systems change strategies that could be tested further. 30 references.
CHILD ABUSE; CHILD NEGLECT; INJURIES; CHILD FATALITIES; PREVENTION PROGRAMS; EVIDENCE BASED PRACTICE; PROMISING PRACTICES; OUTCOMES; COMMUNITY COOPERATION; CHILD WELFARE SERVICES; CHILD PROTECTIVE SERVICES; CHILD PROTECTION; GOVERNMENT ROLE