The Modern Adoptive Families Study: Executive Summary.
Donaldson Adoption Institute.
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Published: September 2015
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To better understand the emerging diversity in the modern adoptive family, especially those headed by sexual minority individuals and couples, a national survey was conducted focusing on the experiences, perceptions, and needs of different types of adoptive families. Although the Modern Adoptive Families Study (MAF) focuses primarily on questions related to adoption by sexual minority parents, it is also structured to address questions related to other adoption diversity issues. Of the 1,563 survey respondents, 133 identified as lesbian, 106 gay, 30 as bisexual, and 5 as other. This executive summary notes findings that indicate: over 80% of the families were headed by two parents (81.7%); respondents were predominately Caucasian (90%), well educated, and from diverse geographical regions in the U.S.; respondent’s age ranged from 24 to 74 years, with a median of 45 years; nearly 57% of the oldest adopted child (OAC) were of a different race from both of their parents; adoption type for OAC included foster care adoption (32%), private domestic adoption from an agency or independent practitioner (30.5%), and intercountry adoption (37.5%); nearly 75% of OAC had experienced one or more pre-placement adversities prior to entering their family; and over half of OAC (57.7%) presented with one or more special needs at the time of placement.
open adoption; gay and lesbian adoption; agency practice; human sex differences; predictor variables; guidelines; adoption triads; family characteristics; parent child relationships