Neurological Diversity and Epigenetic Influences in Utero: An Ethical Investigation of Maternal Responsibility Towards the Future (Chapter 7 in Parental Responsibility in the Context of Neuroscience and Genetics).
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This chapter investigates whether and how epigenetics complicates the question of maternal responsibility if maternal behavior years before conception has consequences for the well-being of the future child. Examples of autism and high intelligences are then used to consider the distinction between prevention and enhancement and the classification of neurological difference as an identity rather than an affliction. The need for a new framework for maternal, parental, and collective responsibility is highlighted. 57 references.
Parental role; GENETICS; NATURE NURTURE CONTROVERSY; environmental influences; PRENATAL INFLUENCES; CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES; SPECIAL NEEDS; intervention; intelligence; developmental disabilities; maternal behavior; mother child relationships