Technical Note: Protection of Children During the Coronavirus Pandemic (V.1).
Alliance for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action.
Published: March 2020
Alliance for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action
Intended for child protection practitioners, this technical note explains infectious diseases like COVID-19 can disrupt the environments in which children grow and develop and can have negative consequences for children’s well-being, development, and protection. It notes quarantine measures such as school closures and restrictions on movements disrupt children's routine and social support while also placing new stressors on parents and caregivers. In addition, stigma and discrimination related to COVID-19 may make children more vulnerable to violence and psychosocial distress, and children and families who are already vulnerable due to socio-economic exclusion or those who live in overcrowded settings face additional risks. A chart is provided that lists risks presented by COVID-19 and related control measures and causes of those risks in the areas of physical and emotional maltreatment, gender-based violence, mental health and psychosocial distress, child labor, unaccompanied and separated children, and social exclusion. The second part of the technical note presents programmatic options in line with the “2019 Minimum Standards for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action (CPMS)” and the “Guidance Note: Protection of Children During Infectious Disease Outbreaks”. Guidance is provided on working across sectors and with governments towards a child protection-sensitive response, and a chart is included that list preparedness actions and response actions for ensuring child well-being, strengthening family and caregiving environments, community-level approaches, case management, and alternative care. The final part lists additional resources.
Child protective services; guidelines; communicable diseases; social isolation; well being; child health; risk factors; disaster response; community based services; case management