The Impacts of Abuse and Neglect on Children; and Comparison of Different Placement Options: Evidence Review.
Research report (Great Britain. Department for Education) ; 663.
Wilkinson, Julie. Bowyer, Susannah.
Great Britain. Department for Education.
Published: March 2017
United Kingdom Department for Education
Piccadilly Gate Store Street
Manchester, M1 2WD, Tel: 0370 000 2288
Fax: 0161 600 1332
This report explores the research evidence on the impacts of abuse and neglect on children and the outcomes of different child welfare placement options to inform judicial and local authority decision makers in the United Kingdom. The primary focus of the review is on key UK research from 2000 to 2016. Findings are reported that indicate: abuse and neglect have adverse impacts for most children, affecting in particular emotional, behavioral and mental well-being; neglect is the most prevalent form of maltreatment; providing earlier, effective, and holistic support to parents, whilst keeping the child's welfare in mind, can reduce the risk of maltreatment; where children are no longer able to remain safely with their parents, timely decisions about permanence are needed because the age of the child at entry to care has been consistently found to be associated with the stability of placements and children's well-being; the 'right' placement for individual children depends on a variety of factors and decision makers need to weigh up the pros and cons of the different permanence options to determine which placement will best meet children's needs; children who have been maltreated generally have better outcomes with regard to stability and well-being if they are placed in alternative care that can meet their needs, particularly if the issues relating to maltreatment have not been addressed; and adoption has a lower rate of disruption compared to special guardianship orders and child arrangements orders/residence orders. Recommendations for further research are made. 2 figures. 9 tables, and numerous references.
CHILD ABUSE; CHILD NEGLECT; NEGLECTED CHILDREN; CHILD WELFARE SERVICES; CHILD CARE SERVICES; CHILDREN AT RISK; RISK FACTORS; CHILD PLACEMENT; CHILD PROTECTION; EVIDENCE BASED PRACTICE; OUTCOMES; PROMISING PRACTICES; ENGLAND; adoption; Removing child from home