Supplementary Analyses of Race Differences in Child Maltreatment Rates in the NIS-4.
Fourth National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS-4).
Sedlak, Andrea J. McPherson, Karla. Das, Barnali.
United States. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation. United States. Children's Bureau.
Published: March 2010
Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE)
370 L'Enfant Promenade, S.W., 7th Floor West
Washington, DC 20447
The National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS) is a periodic federal effort that provides estimates of the number of children who are abused and neglected in the United States. NIS gathers data from both (1) child protective service agencies and (2) community professionals who encounter maltreated children during the course of their work in a variety of agencies, including schools, hospitals, law enforcement, day care, and shelters. The NIS integrates the cases obtained from the multiple sources, generating national estimates of the numbers of abused and neglected children that include both those who receive the attention of CPS agencies and those who do not. The NIS has been implemented four times, providing national estimates for children abused and neglected in 1980, 1986, 1993, and 2005-2006. The most recent implementation, NIS-4, was the first time that the study detected race differences in rates of child maltreatment. This paper reports the NIS-4 research team's efforts to understand these unexpected and unprecedented race differences, by examining potential reasons why the findings on race in the NIS-4 diverged from those in earlier NIS cycles and by conducting further analyses of the NIS-4 data to determine whether other risk factors that differentially affect Black and White children could account for the observed findings. (Author abstract)
incidence; statistics; characteristics of abuser; characteristics of abused; family characteristics; race; racial factors; african americans