The NIS-4: What It All Means (and Doesn't Mean).
Technical Assistance Brief.
Russell, Jesse. Cooper, Tracy.
National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges. Permanency Planning for Children Department.
Published: April 2011
Sponsoring Organization: United States. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
The National Incidence Study is a long-term research effort to estimate the number of incidents of child abuse and neglect across the country each year. The study relies upon community professionals, referred to in the study as 'sentinels,' who typically encounter children and families through the course of their work, to serve as lookouts for victims of child abuse and neglect. In response to a federal mandate under the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act, the first National Incidence Study was conducted during 1979-1980 to determine the frequency and severity of child abuse and neglect occurrences, and to provide a baseline for comparison of findings from subsequent studies. This Technical Assistance Brief summarizes the findings from the most recent iteration of the National Incidence Study (NIS-4), It (1) Examines some of the differences from previous iterations; (2) Considers the implications of the study and these differences; and (3) Offers some practical conclusions for courts and judges. The overall purpose of this Brief is to offer guidance on understanding the meaning of the NIS-4 findings in both a broader context, and in terms of the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges' (NCJFCJ) Courts Catalyzing Change: Achieving Equity and Fairness in Foster Care initiative priorities, goals, and opportunities. (Author abstract)
child abuse; abused children; statistics; incidence; child abuse research; studies