ACEs And Mental Health Outcomes (Chapter 4 in Adverse Childhood Experiences: Using Evidence to Advance Research, Practice, Policy, and Prevention).
Sheffler, Julia L. Stanley, Ian. Sachs-Ericsson, Natalie.
Chapter in Book
Published: October 2019
Academic Press / Elsevier
225 Wyman Street
Waltham, MA 02451
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are complex early stressors that may disrupt normal developmental processes in each area of the biopsychosocial model. Specifically, ACEs disrupt the development of adaptive emotion regulation processes via changes in psychological interpretations and beliefs, changes in the structure and function of key areas of the brain, and through the development of maladaptive coping strategies. All of these areas work independently and interactively to increase risk for the development of mental disorders. ACEs are associated with increased risk for a wide range of disorders, from mood and anxiety to psychotic and personality disorders. This chapter explores the mechanisms leading to this increased risk, the current evidence linking ACEs to each mental disorder, the psychosocial toll of ACEs, and implications for practice, policy, and future research. (Author abstract)
childhood trauma; sexual abuse; stress; sequelae; policy formation; research needs; child welfare research; evidence based practice; mental disorders; brain development; child development; risk factors; outcomes