Negative Adult Influences and the Protective Effects of Role Models: A Study with Urban Adolescents.
Hurd, Noelle M. Zimmerman, Marc A. Xue, Yange.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Vol. 38, No. 6 , p. 777-789
We investigated whether role models (individuals adolescents look up to) contributed to the resilience of adolescents who were exposed to negative nonparental adult influences. Our sample included 659 African American, ninth-grade adolescents. We found that adolescents’ exposure to negative adult behavior was associated with increased externalizing, internalizing, and substance using behaviors, as well as more negative school attitudes and behavior. We found that role models had protective effects on externalizing and internalizing behaviors and compensatory effects on school outcomes. Collectively, our findings indicate that role models can contribute to the resilience of African American adolescents who are exposed to negative nonparental adult behavior. (Author abstract)
adolescents; urban environment; African Americans; role models; resilience; behavior problems; data analysis