Intimate Partner Violence and Psychological Distress Among Young Couples: Analysis of the Moderating Effect of Social Support.
Fortin, Isabel. Guay, Stephanie. Lavoie, Vicky. Boisvert, Jean-Marie. Beaudry, Madeleine.
Journal of Family Violence
Vol. 27, No. 1 , p. 63–73
Young adults are more likely to experience intimate partner violence (IPV) than older adults. Little is known about the effect of confiding to others about sustained violence on the mental health of victims. The objective of this study was to explore the links between IPV, help-seeking behaviors and psychological distress by gender in a sample of 233 young couples. Our results indicate the frequency of sustained psychological violence, but not physical violence, was positively associated to distress. For women, seeking help from a greater number of confidents moderated the association between violence and psychological distress. For men, results showed that frequencies of physical and psychological violence were both positively linked to distress. However, unlike women, social support had no buffering effect on men’s distress. These findings increase our understanding of the effects of social support on young adults’ distress following episodes of IPV. (Author abstract)
family support systems; family violence; age factors; mental health; depression; human sex differences