Assessing Parenting Behaviors in Euro-Canadian and East Asian Immigrant Mothers: Limitations to Observations of Responsiveness.
Chan, Kathy. Penner, Kailee. Mah, Janet W. T. Johnston, Charlotte.
Published: April-June 2010
Child and Family Behavior Therapy
Vol. 32, No. 2 , p. 85-102
Taylor and Francis Group
530 Walnut Street Suite 850
Philadelphia, PA 19106
The use of parenting measures that are developed for use with Western families without testing their validity among families from non-Western cultural backgrounds may not be appropriate. Similar parenting behaviors may affect child outcomes in different ways across different cultures. This study examined the cross-cultural validity of an observational Maternal Responsiveness coding system and of self-reports of lax/inconsistent parenting in Euro-Canadian (n = 23) and East Asian immigrant mothers (n = 23) of 4- to 7-year-old sons. In Euro-Canadian mothers, observed parenting responsiveness was associated with less lax/inconsistent parenting and fewer child behavior problems. In East Asian immigrant mothers, however, observations of greater responsiveness were not related to reports of lax/inconsistent parenting, and were associated with greater child behavior problems. Implications for the use of these parenting measures across culture groups are discussed. (Author abstract)
Immigrants; mothers; parenting; measures; cultural factors