Trajectories of Maltreatment Re-Reports From Ages 4 to 12: Evidence for Persistent Risk After Early Exposure.
Laura J. Proctor, Gregory A. Aarons, Howard Dubowitz, English, Diana J. Lewis, Terri. Thompson, Richard. Hussey, Jon M. Litrownik, Alan J. Roesch, Scott C.
Published: August 2012
Vol. 17, No. 3 , p. 207-217
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This study identified trajectories of maltreatment re-reports between ages 4 and 12 for children first referred to Child Protective Services (CPS) for maltreatment prior to age 4 and either removed from the home or assessed by a CPS intake worker as moderately or highly likely to be abused/neglected in the future, absent intervention. Participants (n = 501) were children from the Southwest and Northwest sites of the Consortium for Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN). During the 8-year follow-up period, 67% of children were re-reported. Growth mixture modeling identified four trajectory classes: No re-report (33%), Continuous re-reports (10%), Intermittent re-reports (37%), and Early re-reports (20%). Membership in classes with relatively more re-reports was predicted by several factors assessed at age 4, including physical abuse; living with a biological/stepparent; caregiver alcohol abuse, depression, and lack of social support; receipt of Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC); and number of children in the home. For a subpopulation of high-risk children first reported in early childhood, risk for maltreatment re-reporting may persist longer than previously documented, continuing 8 to 12 years after the first report. (Author abstract)
Child Welfare Services; Child welfare research; Longitudinal studies; Evaluation methods; Revictimization