What Works to Reduce Victimization? Synthesizing What We Know and Where to Go From Here.
Fox, Kathleen A. Shjarback, John A.
Violence and Victims
Vol. 31, No. 2 , p. 285-319
Springer Publishing Company
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While some attention has been paid to "what works" to reduce crime, little is known about the effectiveness of programs designed to reduce victimization. This study systematically reviews 83 program evaluations to identify what works to (a) reduce victimization, (b) enhance beliefs/attitudes about victims, and (c) improve knowledge/awareness of victimization issues. Evidence-based findings are organized around 4 major forms of victimization, including bullying, intimate partner violence, sexual abuse, and other general forms of victimization. Determining whether certain types of programs can reduce the risk of victimization has important implications for improving people's quality of life. Based on our findings, we offer several promising directions for the next generation of research on evaluating victimization programs. The goal of this study is to improve the strength of future program evaluations, replications, and other systematic reviews as researchers and practitioners continue to learn what works to reduce victimization. (Author abstract)
victimization; evidence based practice; spouse abuse; peer relationships; sexual abuse; program evaluations