A Systematic Review of the Effectiveness of Interventions Designed for Mothers Who Experienced Child Sexual Abuse.
Lange, Brittany C.L. Bach-Mortensen, Anders M. Condon, Eileen M. Gardner, Frances.
Published: June 2020
Child Abuse and Neglect
Vol. 104 , p. 1-17
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Background: Past experiences of child sexual abuse (CSA) have been shown to have a pernicious effect on the parenting behaviors of mothers. As a result, interventions have been developed to address these effects. However, a systematic synthesis of the effectiveness of such interventions has not been conducted.; ; Objective: To conduct a systematic review of existing literature on interventions that have been developed and evaluated for mothers who experienced CSA.; ; Methods: Studies were located through a sensitive search strategy in nine academic databases and search engines, and through handsearching reference lists of included studies and their subsequent citations. Two authors independently completed screening, full text review, data extraction, and quality appraisal.; ; Results: Searches revealed a paucity of literature, with four intervention studies located. All four interventions consisted of therapy, with three of these interventions using a group-based format. One of the included intervention studies used reiki as an adjunct to therapy. Decreases in negative mental health symptoms were reported through both validated measures and interviews. No validated measures to assess parenting were used in any intervention, though some qualitative results indicated changes in parenting. Qualitative results also suggested that most mothers were satisfied with the interventions. Studies were of limited quality - none used a randomized trial design, and only one a control group.; ; Conclusions: Given the limitations of the identified intervention studies for mothers who experienced CSA, there is a clear need to develop evidence-based interventions for this population given the unique detrimental effects of CSA on parenting. Avenues for future intervention development are discussed. (Author abstract)
group therapy; Adults abused as children; child abuse; sexual abuse; mothers; evidence based practice; therapeutic intervention; parenting